Publications & Documents


  • 21-décembre-2015

    Français

    Considérations sur l'utilisation dissolution comme fonction de la chimie de surface pour évaluer le comportement environnemental des nanomatériaux dans les évaluations des risques : étude de cas sure des nanoparticules d'argent

    Ce document présente une étude de cas en utilisant des nanoparticules d'argent, qui vise à répondre à la dissolution comme fonction de la chimie de surface des nanoparticules dans les évaluations des risques réglementaires.

    Documents connexes
  • 14-décembre-2015

    Français

    Perspectives de l'économie numérique de l'OCDE 2015

    L’économie numérique touche désormais un très grand nombre d’aspects de l’économie mondiale, comprenant des secteurs aussi variés que la banque, la vente au détail, l’énergie, le transport, l’éducation, l’édition, les médias ainsi que la santé.

    Les technologies de l’information et des communications transforment la manière dont évoluent les  interactions sociales et les relations personnelles, avec la convergence des réseaux fixes, mobiles et de radiodiffusion et aussi des appareils qui sont de plus en plus connectés pour former l’Internet des objets.
    Cette publication aide les pays à évaluer comment optimiser le potentiel de l’économie numérique en tant que levier d’innovation et de croissance inclusive. Elle examine également les évolutions de l’économie numérique ainsi que les défis émergents dont les décideurs doivent tenir compte dans le cadre des stratégies numériques nationales. Les chapitres de la publication comprennent un survol de l’état actuel et futur de l’économie numérique; les principales tendances dans le secteur des TIC et les évolutions de la politique publique et de la réglementation des communications; la demande et l’adoption des TIC et les effets de l’économie numérique sur la croissance et le développement. Ce volume contient également un chapitre sur la confiance dans l’économie numérique et un chapitre sur l’Internet des objets.

     

  • 11-December-2015

    English

    The Future of Productivity

    This book addresses the rising productivity gap between the global frontier and other firms, and identifies a number of structural impediments constraining business start-ups, knowledge diffusion and resource allocation (such as barriers to up-scaling and relatively high rates of skill mismatch).

    Analysis based on micro and industry-level data highlights the importance of reallocation-friendly policies, including well-functioning product, labour and risk capital markets, efficient judicial systems, bankruptcy laws that do not excessively penalise failure, housing policies that do not unduly restrict labour mobility, and improvements in public funding and organisation of basic research which do not excessively favour applied vs basic research and incumbents vs young firms.

  • 1-December-2015

    English

    Open Educational Resources - A Catalyst for Innovation

    Education is the key to economic, social and environmental progress, and governments around the world are looking to improve their education systems. The future of education in the 21st century is not simply about reaching more people, but about improving the quality and diversity of educational opportunities. How to best organise and support teaching and learning requires imagination, creativity and innovation.
    Open educational resources (OER) are teaching, learning and research materials that make use of tools such as open licensing to permit their free reuse, continuous improvement and repurposing by others for educational purposes. The OER community has grown considerably over the past 10 years and the impact of OER on educational systems has become a pervasive element of educational policy
    This report aims to highlight state of the art developments and practices in OER, but also to demonstrate how OER can be a tool for innovation in teaching and learning.

  • 24-November-2015

    English

    Adapting Transport Policy to Climate Change - Carbon Valuation, Risk and Uncertainty

    Transport accounts for nearly a quarter of carbon dioxide emissions from fuel combustion. The price attached to these emissions is critical to climate policies and emissions mitigation efforts in the sector. As the impact of emissions on climate does not depend on where CO2 is released, the price of carbon should be uniform. In reality, however, it varies immensely, reflecting the complexity of assessing climate impacts.
    This report reviews the three key challenges in considering the effects of carbon dioxide emissions in economic appraisal: the valuation of carbon dioxide emissions, the treatment of uncertainty in climate change and the approach used to discounting future costs and benefits. The report reviews current approaches in selected countries (France, Germany, Japan, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden, the United Kingdom and the United States) and provides examples of good practice and recommendations for national and international policy making.

     

  • 29-October-2015

    English

    Developments in delegations on the safety of manufactured nanomaterials - tour de table

    This document provides background information on activities related to manufactured nanomaterials, as well as other activities on nanotechnologies at the international level. The information provided in this document captures OECD activities before September 2015.

    Related Documents
  • 29-October-2015

    English

    Current developments in delegations on the safety of manufactured nanomaterials - tour de table

    This document provides background information on activities related to manufactured nanomaterials, as well as other activities on nanotechnologies at the international level. The information provided in this document captures OECD activities between January and July 2014.

    Related Documents
  • 21-October-2015

    English

  • 21-October-2015

    English

  • 21-October-2015

    English

    The contribution of science and innovation to addressing climate change

    Governments have agreed to work together to hold the increase in global average temperature to below 2°C above pre-industrial levels. Yet, the world is currently on course for a global mean surface temperature increase of around 3-5°C by the end of the century.

  • << < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 | 41 | 42 | 43 | 44 | 45 | 46 | 47 | 48 | 49 | 50 | 51 | 52 | 53 | 54 | 55 | 56 | 57 | 58 | 59 | 60 | 61 | 62 | 63 | 64 | 65 > >>