Cette publication traite de l’importance et des implications en termes de politique des flux internationaux de ressources humaines en science et technologie (RHST). Elle vise à élargir la compréhension de la mobilité des RHST, en particulier des scientifiques, ingénieurs et chercheurs.
This paper presents different indicators using existing data on R&D investments, innovation survey data, patent data and data on licensing, illustrating the increasing importance and the different characteristics of open innovation across companies, industries and countries.
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Two-page brief presenting the OECD Innovation Strategy. Complete information on the project is available at www.oecd.org/innovation/strategy.
This working paper reflects an initial analysis using a pioneering new OECD database. It is among the first systematic attempts to analyse comparatively the distribution of innovative activity across OECD regions with a set of homogenous measures.
This book examines the contributions that space technologies can make in tackling some of the serious problems posed by climate change. Focusing on examples of water management, marine resources and maritime transport, it sets out the rationale for further developing satellite systems to measure and monitor climate change and help mitigate its consequences. The report underlines the need to consider satellites not just as research and development systems, but as an important component of a critical communication- and information-based infrastructure for modern societies. The tool box for decision makers that concludes the book reviews different methodological options for deciding on investments in space-based earth observation.
Encouraging Student Interest in Science and Technology Studies examines overall trends in higher education enrolments and the evolution of S&T compared with other disciplines. The results suggest that although absolute numbers of S&T students have been rising as access to higher levels of education expands in OECD economies, the relative share of S&T students among the overall student population has been falling, The report shows that encouraging interest in S&T studies requires action to tackle a host of issues inside and outside the education system, ranging from teacher training and curriculum design to improving the image of S&T careers. Numerous examples of national initiatives are used to complement the analyses to derive a set of practical recommendations.
The impact of biotechnologies on medical research is intensifying. Because of new highly performing technologies, we are better able to understand and explore disease and drug mechanisms, which in turn could lead to major changes in the approach of patient care.
The STI Outlook uses the latest available data and indicators to review key trends in science, technology and innovation in OECD countries and a number of major non-member economies.
Les Perspectives de la science, de la technologie et de l’industrie de l’OCDE offre un tour d’horizon complet des tendances clés de la politique de la science, de la technologie et de l’innovation en passant en revue les évolutions récentes des politiques publiques dans les pays de l’OCDE.
In November 2007 the Working Party on Biotechnology established a new Task Force on Biomedicine and Health Innovation. The Task Force was asked to develop a Synthesis Report of the main policy messages that emerged from OECD work related to innovation and health.