This Guidance Manual for the Testing of Manufactured Nanomaterials, is a “living document” and as such, it will be updated and amended in an iterative manner based upon knowledge accumulation as the testing programme and Dossier Development Plans (DDPs) work progresses.
The workshop discussed existing sector, national, or international approaches for assessment of sustainability of bio-based products, such as bio-based chemicals, bio-based plastics, enzymes, bio-based materials, and biofuels.
Les indicateurs de biotechnologie ci-dessous sont produits par la Direction de la science, de la technologie et de l'industrie (DSTI) de l'OCDE.
This publication assesses the current status of Korea’s innovation system and policies, and identifies where and how the government should focus its efforts to improve the country’s innovation capabilities.
This report assesses the current status of Korea’s innovation system and policies, and identifies where and how the government should focus its efforts to improve the country’s innovation capabilities. It finds that Korea has one of the highest rates of spending on R&D in the world, much of which is performed by private firms. It also has a highly educated labour force – as signalled by its impressive PISA performance and exceptionally high rates of tertiary level graduation – with a strong interest in science and technology.
However, a number of bottlenecks persist that hamper Korea’s economic convergence with the leading OECD economies. These include a relatively weak SME sector and weak performance in services, as well as lagging capacities to conduct leading-edge research in many areas. Furthermore, Korea faces numerous threats in the mid term, notably increased levels of competition from China and other newly-industrialising economies, the lowest fertility rate in the OECD and an ageing society, and a continuing high dependency on imports of natural resources, particularly hydrocarbons. In the shorter term, the economic crisis offers its own challenges, with the need for some policy adjustments to deal with expected falls in business investment in R&D and growing levels of unemployment among the highly skilled.
The workshop's primary objective was to take stock of the current understanding of the social dimensions of innovation and to examine a substantial number of recent initiatives.
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This document comprises the compilation of output documents that have been produced duringthe course of the work of the project, and that can be useful to a wider audience, in addition to the WPMN.
This conference, which took place in Paris on 15-17 July 2009, will significantly contribute to accelerating OECD’s current efforts for fostering “green” and innovation-led growth in nanotechnology.
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This document is the report of the OECD Workshop on Exposure Assessment and Exposure Mitigation, which was held on 20 October 2008, in Frankfurt, Germany. This report includes a summary of the plenary presentations as w
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This document should be seen as a component of the overall work of the programme on the safety of manufactured nanomaterials, which is been developed by OECD’s WPMN.