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Ces directives ont pour but de proposer une approche harmonisée pour la collecte et l'analyse des statistiques sur la recherche et le développement (R-D) en biotechnologie menée dans les secteurs de l'Etat et de l'enseignement supérieur.
This paper investigates the characteristics, functioning and incidence of pre-emptive patenting, defined as patent filings whose main effect is to hamper the grant of other patents.
Science, technologie et industrie : Tableau de bord de l’OCDE 2009 contient des données et des analyses afin de donner aux décideurs de l’action publique un aperçu des tendances qui déterminent la science et l’innovation.
This country note, extracted from the STI Scoreboard 2009, explores recent developments in matters relating to innovation, science, technology and globalisation in the United States.
This book throws a spotlight on innovation across the software universe, setting out key issues and highlighting policy perspectives. It spans research and development, invention, production, distribution and use of software in the market.
Following the recommendation from the ICCM2 (SAICM), OECD and UNITAR agreed to hold a series of “IOMC/OECD/UNITAR Awareness-Raising Workshops for Developing and Transition Countries on Nanotechnology /Manufactured Nanomaterials” in conjunction with SAICM regional meetings during 2009/2010
This book presents the main results of the first large-scale effort to exploit firm-level data from innovation surveys across 20 countries in an internationally harmonised way, with a view to addressing common analytical questions.
Innovation has become a key factor for economic growth, but how does the process take place at the level of individual firms? This book presents the main results of the OECD Innovation Microdata Project -- the first large-scale effort to exploit firm-level data from innovation surveys across 20 countries in an internationally harmonised way, with a view to addressing common analytical questions. Through the use of common indicators and econometric modeling, this analytical report presents a broad overview of how firms innovate in different countries, highlights some of the limitations of current innovation surveys, and identifies directions for future research.
Innovation is crucial to long-term economic growth, even more so in the aftermath of the financial and economic crisis. In this volume, the OECD and the World Bank jointly take stock of how globalisation is posing new challenges for innovation and growth in both developed and developing countries, and how countries are coping with them. The authors discuss options for policy initiatives that can foster technological innovation in the pursuit of faster and sustainable growth.
The various chapters highlight how the emergence of an integrated global market affects the impact of national innovation policy. What seemed like effective innovation strategies (e.g. policies designed to strengthen the R&D capacity of domestic firms) are no longer sufficient for effective catch-up. The more open and global nature of innovation makes innovation policies more difficult to design and implement at the national scale alone. These challenges are further complicated by new phenomena, such as global value chains and the fragmentation of production, the growing role of global corporations, and the ICT revolution. Where and why a global corporation chooses to anchor its production affects the playing field for OECD and developing economies alike.
Selected as a 2009 Notable Document by the American Library Association Government Documents Round Table.
This book reviews how the emergence of pharmacogenetics will impact the efficiency of pharmaceutical R&D and improve healthcare decision making and clinical care. It discusses what policies need to change in order for the public to reap the benefits from advances in diagnostic genetic testin