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  • 16-June-2020

    English

    Addressing societal challenges using transdisciplinary research

    This report looks at how transdisciplinary research, which combines knowledge from different scientific disciplines with that of public and private sector stakeholders and citizens, can be used to address complex societal challenges. This includes developing effective responses in acute crises, such as the COVID-19 pandemic, as well as longer-term solutions for sustainability development. In a series of 28 case studies, each of which is briefly summarised in the report, it identifies the key obstacles to effectively implementing transdisciplinary research. Many of these are embedded in the way that research systems are structured and managed and they are amenable to policy intervention. Examples of how various actors, including funding agencies and universities are adapting to better accommodate the requirements of transdisciplinary research are included in the report and related policy actions are ascribed for these actors.
  • 15-juin-2020

    Français

    L’OCDE hébergera le Secrétariat du nouveau Partenariat mondial sur l’intelligence artificielle

    L'OCDE hébergera le Secrétariat du nouveau Partenariat mondial sur l’intelligence artificielle (PMIA), une coalition lancée aujourd’hui afin d'encourager l'utilisation responsable de l'intelligence artificielle, dans le respect des droits de l’homme et des valeurs démocratiques. Des précisions sur le rôle de l’OCDE en tant que Secrétariat seront apportées dans les prochains jours.

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  • 11-June-2020

    English

    UN High-level Thematic Debate on the Impact of Rapid Technological Change on the SDGs and Targets

    The format of today’s discussion bears witness to the rapid changes imposed upon us by the global coronavirus pandemic. In fact, Mr President: it was only six months ago that I had the privilege of welcoming you to Paris in person for a meeting of the OECD Council.

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  • 11-June-2020

    English

    Mr. Angel Gurría, Secretary-General of the OECD, at UN High-level debate on Thursday 11 June 2020

    Mr. Angel Gurría, Secretary-General of the OECD, delivered remarks at the UN High-level debate on the Impact of Rapid Technological Change on the Achievement of the SDGs and Targets, hosted by the President of the UN General Assembly, Mr. Tijjani Muhammad-Bande, and the UN Secretary-General, Mr. António Guterres, on Thursday 11 June 2020.

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  • 2-June-2020

    English

    Protecting children online - An overview of recent developments in legal frameworks and policies

    The digital environment presents a wide range of benefits to children, whilst also exposing them to various risks, including cyberbullying, harmful content and inappropriate contact with strangers. This report provides an overview of the legal and policy actions that governments, international organisations and other stakeholders have taken to ensure a safe and beneficial digital environment for children. It considers actions taken to keep pace with technological developments, to ensure children can realise the benefits of the digital environment, and to respond to the changing digital risk landscape. The report also informed the revision of the 2012 OECD Recommendation of the Council on the Protection of Children Online, which aims to bring it into line with current and anticipated future needs of children in the digital environment.
  • 25-May-2020

    English

    Scientometrics

    This page provides information on OECD work on scientometrics and bibliometrics. This field has has evolved over time from the study of indices for improving information retrieval from peer-reviewed scientific publications (commonly described as the “bibliometric” analysis of science) to cover other types of documents and information sources relating to science and technology.

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  • 14-May-2020

    English

    Crowdsourcing STI policy solutions to COVID-19

    Governments can deploy non-traditional approaches to science, technology and innovation policy making that draw on society’s collective intelligence to find solutions to the COVID-19 crisis. Tools such as innovation prizes, prediction markets, and open-source solutions have shown value and are well-suited to immediately respond to the crisis.

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  • 12-May-2020

    English

    Why open science is critical to combatting COVID-19

    In global emergencies like the COVID-19 pandemic, open science policies can remove obstacles to the free flow of research data and ideas, and thus accelerate the pace of research critical to combating the disease.

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  • 5-May-2020

    English

    Providing science advice to policy makers during COVID-19

    While individual experts are often responsible for communicating science advice, they must be guided by clear common principles and supported by scientific institutions and networks across the globe. This requires international co-operation and open sharing of data and information.

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  • 1-May-2020

    English

    Identifying and measuring developments in artificial intelligence - Making the impossible possible

    This paper identifies and measures developments in science, algorithms and technologies related to artificial intelligence (AI). Using information from scientific publications, open source software (OSS) and patents, it finds a marked increase in AI-related developments over recent years. Since 2015, AI-related publications have increased by 23% per year; from 2014 to 2018, AI-related OSS contributions grew at a rate three times greater than other OSS contributions; and AI-related inventions comprised, on average, more than 2.3% of IP5 patent families in 2017. China’s growing role in the AI space also emerges. The analysis relies on a three-pronged approach based on established bibliometric and patent-based methods, and machine learning (ML) implemented on purposely collected OSS data.
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