Publications & Documents


  • 12-octobre-2009

    Français

    La bioéconomie à l'horizon 2030 - Quel programme d'action ?

    Les sciences biologiques apportent une valeur ajoutée à de très nombreux biens et services qui sont génériquement réunis sous le terme de « bioéconomie » et les progrès dans ce domaine peuvent aboutir à des avancées socioéconomiques majeures, dans les pays de l’OCDE.  En utilisant des analyses quantitatives des données concernant les innovations en cours et les dépenses de recherche et développement tirées des bases de données privées et publiques, elle estime les évolutions futures dans le domaine des biotechnologies d’ici 2015. Adoptant un point de vue institutionnel plus large, elle examine également les rôles joués par le financement de la recherche et du développement, les ressources humaines, la propriété intellectuelle et la réglementation de la bioéconomie, ainsi que les évolutions futures qui seraient susceptibles d’influer sur les nouveaux modèles économiques. Des scénarios fictifs à l’horizon 2030 sont pris en compte pour encourager les lecteurs à réfléchir sur l’interaction entre les choix de politique économique et les avancées technologiques dans la mise en place de la bioéconomie. Enfin, l’ouvrage étudie les différentes options de politique économique permettant de tirer parti des avantages sociaux, environnementaux et économiques de la bioéconomie.

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  • 5-October-2009

    English

    OECD Reviews of Innovation Policy: Mexico

    This publication assesses the current status of Mexico's innovation system and policies, and identifies where and how the government should focus its efforts to improve the country’s innovation capabilities.

  • 17-September-2009

    English

    Joint CIIE-CSTP Workshop on Demand-led Innovation Policies

    The findings and views emerging from the workshop will contribute to the development of the OECD Innovation Strategy to be presented to OECD Ministers in 2010.

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  • 15-September-2009

    English

    OECD Workshop on Demand-Led Innovation Policies, 14-15 September 2009

    This workshop brought together policy makers, economists, and business representatives to share their views and experience in fostering demand for innovation via market and public policy instruments including public procurement, pricing, regulations, standards-setting and lead markets.

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  • 27-August-2009

    English

    Guidance Manual for the Testing of Manufactured Nanomaterials: OECD's Sponsorship Programme: Number 14

    This Guidance Manual for the Testing of Manufactured Nanomaterials, is a “living document” and as such, it will be updated and amended in an iterative manner based upon knowledge accumulation as the testing programme and Dossier Development Plans (DDPs) work progresses.

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  • 7-August-2009

    English

    OECD Workshop on Best Practices in Assessing the Environmental and Economic Sustainability of Bio-based Products - Agenda and Presentations

    The workshop discussed existing sector, national, or international approaches for assessment of sustainability of bio-based products, such as bio-based chemicals, bio-based plastics, enzymes, bio-based materials, and biofuels.

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  • 30-juillet-2009

    Français

    Indicateurs de biotechnologie de l'OCDE

    Les indicateurs de biotechnologie ci-dessous sont produits par la Direction de la science, de la technologie et de l'industrie (DSTI) de l'OCDE.

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  • 27-July-2009

    English

    OECD Reviews of Innovation Policy: Korea

    This publication assesses the current status of Korea’s innovation system and policies, and identifies where and how the government should focus its efforts to improve the country’s innovation capabilities.

  • 21-July-2009

    English

    OECD Reviews of Innovation Policy: Korea 2009

    This report assesses the current status of Korea’s innovation system and policies, and identifies where and how the government should focus its efforts to improve the country’s innovation capabilities. It finds that Korea has one of the highest rates of spending on R&D in the world, much of which is performed by private firms. It also has a highly educated labour force – as signalled by its impressive PISA performance and exceptionally high rates of tertiary level graduation – with a strong interest in science and technology.

    However, a number of bottlenecks persist that hamper Korea’s economic convergence with the leading OECD economies. These include a relatively weak SME sector and weak performance in services, as well as lagging capacities to conduct leading-edge research in many areas. Furthermore, Korea faces numerous threats in the mid term, notably increased levels of competition from China and other newly-industrialising economies, the lowest fertility rate in the OECD and an ageing society, and a continuing high dependency on imports of natural resources, particularly hydrocarbons. In the shorter term, the economic crisis offers its own challenges, with the need for some policy adjustments to deal with expected falls in business investment in R&D and growing levels of unemployment among the highly skilled.

  • 21-July-2009

    English

    CSTP Expert Workshop on Fostering Innovation to address Social Challenges

    The workshop's primary objective was to take stock of the current understanding of the social dimensions of innovation and to examine a substantial number of recent initiatives.

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