Publications & Documents


  • 9-novembre-2017

    Français

    Indicateurs de biotechnologie de l'OCDE

    Les indicateurs de biotechnologie ci-dessous sont produits par la Direction de la science, de la technologie et de l'innovation (DSTI) de l'OCDE.

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  • 3-November-2017

    English

    Matching Crunchbase with patent data

    This paper describes a procedure to match companies and individuals listed in Crunchbase, a new database on innovative start-ups and companies, with patent applicants and inventors reported in PATSTAT, the worldwide intellectual property database maintained by the European Patent Office.

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  • 3-November-2017

    English

    Using Crunchbase for economic and managerial research

    This paper describes a new database on innovative start-ups and companies called Crunchbase, with a focus on its potential for economic and managerial research. It describes the contents of Crunchbase and reviews academic research that has used it. It further suggests that many more valuable avenues for economic and managerial research can be opened through the combination of Crunchbase and supplementary data sources.

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  • 27-October-2017

    English

    Assessing the Impact of Digital Government in Colombia - Towards a new methodology

    This review analyses the monitoring and evaluation system of Colombia's Online Government Strategy and provides recommendations for developing an impact assessment methodology for digital government. It looks at the background, evolution and current status of the Strategy, and draws insights from the first implementation of a transitional methodology. The findings will help Colombia build the tools and capacities needed to effectively and sustainably implement its digital government strategy.

  • 27-October-2017

    English

    Computers and the Future of Skill Demand

    Computer scientists are working on reproducing all human skills using artificial intelligence, machine learning and robotics. Unsurprisingly then, many people worry that these advances will dramatically change work skills in the years ahead and perhaps leave many workers unemployable.

    This report develops a new approach to understanding these computer capabilities by using a test based on the OECD’s Survey of Adult Skills (PIAAC) to compare computers with human workers. The test assesses three skills that are widely used at work and are an important focus of education: literacy, numeracy and problem solving with computers.

    Most workers in OECD countries use the three skills every day. However, computers are close to reproducing these skills at the proficiency level of most adults in the workforce. Only 13% of workers now use these skills on a daily basis with a proficiency that is clearly higher than computers.

    The findings raise troubling questions about whether most workers will be able to acquire the skills they need as these new computer capabilities are increasingly used over the next few decades. To answer those questions, the report’s approach could be extended across the full range of work skills. We need to know how computers and people compare across all skills to develop successful policies for work and education for the future.

  • 26-October-2017

    English

    Conference on Artificial Intelligence (AI): Intelligent machines, smart policies

    As autonomous and self-taught machines become part of our everyday lives, what sort of policy and institutional frameworks should guide AI design and use? This event will bring together policymakers, civil society representatives and AI experts from industry and academia to discuss the role of policy and international co-operation in ensuring that AI benefits society as a whole.

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  • 16-October-2017

    English

    Frascati Manual R&D and the System of National Accounts

    This working paper looks at the Frascati Manual (FM) framework for R&D statistics and the System of National Accounts (SNA) framework of comprehensive economic accounts. It also highlights the various actions taken in the 2015 FM revision which respond to National Accounts data needs and thereby aims to provide a common platform for collaboration and dialogue between FM and SNA practitioners.

  • 12-October-2017

    English

    What artificial intelligence really means for policy makers

    The OECD Digital Economy Outlook 2017 looks at the potential and risks associated with the rapid development of AI and robots. Their use will bring new opportunities to raise incomes, create new types of jobs and businesses and improve economic and social well-being, but there will be costs and bumps along the way.

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  • 26-September-2017

    English

    Marine biotechnology: Definitions, infrastructures and directions for innovation

    Several countries have been setting up strategic roadmaps to support marine biotechnologies that could drive innovation and help address the global sustainability goals of food, energy, and health. This report identifies and begins to address challenges facing cooperation on marine biotechnology across countries.

  • 22-September-2017

    English

    The microbiome, diet and health: Towards a science and innovation agenda

    There is now strong evidence that microbiomes play an important role in human health, as there are clear linkages to many major non-communicable diseases. This report assesses the key policy challenges for innovation in the microbiome. It argues that if such a promising scientific field is to lead to innovative applications, policies on science and innovation must be improved in five areas.

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