Publications & Documents


  • 22-December-2011

    English

    The Future of Families to 2030

    Since the 1960s the family in the OECD area has undergone significant transformation. In many countries, the extended family has all but disappeared, and the traditional two-parent family has become much less widespread as divorce rates, re-marriages, cohabitation, single parenthood and same-sex partnerships have all increased.  With rising migration, cultures and values have become more diverse, with some ethnic minorities evolving as parallel family cultures while others intermingle with mainstream cultures through mixed-race marriages. Families have seen more mothers take up work in the labour market, their adolescents spend longer and longer in education and training, and the elderly members of the family live longer and, increasingly, alone.  The repercussions of these changes on housing, pensions, health and long-term care, on labour markets, education and public finances, have been remarkable. Recent demographic projections perfromed by many OECD countries suggest that the next 20 years are likely to see a continuation and even acceleration of changes in household and family structures.  In particular, the numbers and shares of single-adult and single-parent households are expected to increase significantly, as is the number of couples without children.

    This report explores likely future changes in family and household structures in OECD countries; identifies what appear to be the main forces shaping the family landscape between now and 2030; discusses the longer-term challenges for policy arising from those expected changes; and on the basis of the three subsequent thematic chapters, suggests policy options for managing the challenges on a sustainable basis.  

  • 21-December-2011

    English

    Digital Divide: From Computer Access to Online Activities – A Micro Data Analysis (OECD Digital Economy Paper 189)

    This study addresses issues of digital divide among households and individuals by using micro-data analysis of ICT usage patterns. The analysis includes data from 18 European countries, Korea and Canada. Inequalities in computer and Internet use are analysed in a two-step approach.

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  • 21-December-2011

    English

    Compilation of Bilateral Trade Database by Industry and End-use Category (OECD Science, Technology and Industry Working Paper 2011/6)

    The OECD STAN Bilateral Trade Database by Industry and End-use Category allows insights into patterns of trade in intermediate goods between countries to track global production networks and supply chains and helps address other related policy issues such as trade in value added and tasks.

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  • 20-December-2011

    English

    Imports, Innovation and Employment after Crisis - Evidence from a Developing Country (OECD Science, Technology and Industry Working Paper 2011/5)

    Imports are often perceived as a threat to employment. However, access to imported intermediate inputs can be essential to stimulate innovation and employment. We investigate based on a unique dataset of Ecuadorian manufacturing firms, their final products and intermediate inputs.

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  • 14-December-2011

    English

    Recent Developments in Asian Economic Integration (OECD Science, Technology and Industry Working Paper 2011/3)

    This paper analyses the contribution to and engagement in global supply chains of Asian emerging economies by measuring several globalisation indicators based on the harmonised input-output and bilateral trade databases developed by the OECD.

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  • 2-December-2011

    English

    Accounting for the Self-Employed in Labour Share Estimates: The Case of the United States (OECD Science, Technology and Industry Working Paper 2011/4)

    This paper investigates a more refined method to impute the labour income of the self-employed in the United States. The proposed estimation is followed by an analysis of how adjusted total labour income might impact the value of the labour share of output.

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  • 1-December-2011

    English

    OECD Reviews of Innovation Policy: Peru

    This book provides a comprehensive assessment of the innovation system of Peru, focusing on the role of government. It provides concrete recommendations and identifies good practices on how to improve policies that affect innovation performance.

  • 29-November-2011

    English

    The OECD Workshop on New Forms of Incentive Funding for Public Research

    This workshop brings together subject experts and members of the RIHR Working Party to launch the work, share ideas and learn about various types of initiatives in OECD countries.

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  • 28-November-2011

    English

    The OECD RIHR Workshop on Transferable Skills Training for Researchers: Supporting career development and research

    This workshop brought together experts and delegates to discuss the results of a RIHR policy questionnaire on current training arrangements for transferable skills and to “brainstorm” future policy directions.

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  • 10-November-2011

    English

    Report on Industrial Biotechnology and Climate Change: Opportunities and Challenges

    Carbon dioxide (CO2) has the second-largest direct contribution to the greenhouse effect of all gases. Since the beginning of the Industrial Revolution, the burning of fossil fuels has contributed to the increase in carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.

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