Based on case studies, this book presents lessons and good practices on a range of governance mechanisms used for international co-operation in science, technology and innovation to address global challenges.
One of the important lessons of the past two decades has been the pivotal role of innovation in economic development. The build-up of innovation capacities has played a central role in the growth dynamics of successful developing countries. Ongoing work at the OECD analyses innovation for development around a number of specific themes.
La Direction de la science, de la technologie et de l'industrie (DSTI) gère des bases de données internationalement comparables dans les domaines de la science, de la technologie et de l'industrie. Ces statistiques et indicateurs appuient les travaux analytiques politiques concernant principalement la technologie, la compétitivité et la mondialisation. La DSTI joue aussi un rôle majeur dans le développement de normes internationales
This conference aimed to provide policy-makers with evidence and tools to measure the economic impact of ICTs, assess the effectiveness of their current policies and feed into the ICT policy agenda for the years to come.
This event was the first time the OECD has taken a systematic look at what marine biotechnology could contribute to the grand challenges of food and fuel security, population health, green growth and sustainable industries.
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This project aims to provide evidence of the economic value of knowledge-based capital as a new source of growth and improve understanding of current and emerging challenges for policy.
This paper presents the results of data collection across 18 countries and demonstrates that it is possible to produce new policy relevant indicators on public funding of R&D. Initial findings highlight interesting differences across countries in terms of their approaches to R&D funding.
Cette page présente les travaux de l'OCDE sur les ressources humaines en science et technologie, et plus particulièrement le projet de l'OCDE / Institut de statistique de l'UNESCO / Eurostat sur les carrières des titulaires de doctorats.
Around the OECD countries and beyond, there is a proliferation of initiatives in the life sciences to bring together disperse elements of global research and establish an effective virtual infrastructure for open innovation. Their common goal is to leverage innovative capacity by creating interconnected webs of knowledge and exploiting external expertise.
Some such initiatives have as their goal the monetisation and trading of knowledge in the form of intellectual assets. Others seek to create networks for pooling and exchange of knowledge. Together, these initiatives can be referred to as “knowledge networks and markets” (KNMs). This report considers the development of such KNMs and examines the impact of current initiatives and the possible options for governments, working with the private sector, to improve innovation efficiency and effectiveness.
Improving the interoperability of knowledge resources is fundamental to the creation of a necessary shared infrastructure for efficient KNM to emerge, as is related sustainable funding and policy clarity. Governments can play a vital catalytic role in improving the productivity of KNMs through such infrastructure development and encouragement of associated social networking. the report makes suggestions for some priority actions based on existing case studies.
This working paper provides estimates of the economic value created by broadband Internet using measures of new gross domestic product and consumer surplus.