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La transformation numérique a des incidences positives sur la productivité de nombreuses sociétés mais elle ne s'est pas encore traduite par une croissance améliorée de la productivité pour l'ensemble de l'économie. Ce rapport de référence a été préparé en vue de la Réunion des ministres de l'innovation du G7 qui s'est tenue en mars 2018.
Governments worldwide increasingly rely on tax incentives in addition to direct support measures (e.g. grants) to promote R&D in firms and encourage innovation and economic growth. The OECD has developed experimental methodologies and a detailed database on R&D tax incentives with the latest indicators on the cost and information on the design and scope of R&D tax incentives.
This paper aims to analyse policies pertaining to nanotechnology and biotechnology over time with regard to their directionality and technology specificity. The analysis provides some evidence that technology-push policies are favoured for young technology fields, while application-pull policies tend to be applied to more mature fields.
The OECD is working with member and non-member economies to review policies to promote open science and to assess their impact on research and innovation.
Digitalisation is fundamentally changing science and this paper lays out some of the opportunities, risks and major policy challenges associated with these changes. More specifically, it lays out a conceptual framework for open science which aims to help different communities to decide on their own priorities within the open science space.
This paper provides a summary of trends and developments in biotechnology and nanotechnology over the last 20-25 years based on the longitudinal analyses of patents. It also introduces an experimental indicator which aims to visualise developments over time in each research area.
The purpose of this Series is to provide up-to-date information on the OECD activities related to human health and environmental safety. Read our latest report on "Evaluation of in vitro methods for human hazard assessment applied in the OECD Testing Programme for the Safety of Manufactured Nanomaterials".
There is broad agreement that gene editing techniques go beyond incremental advances of past biotechnologies, but harnessing the potential will require meeting significant policy challenges in arenas of governance, ethics, and public engagement. This report summarises the discussions of a group of international experts and policymakers.