Publications & Documents


  • 8-janvier-2018

    Français

    Perspectives de l'économie numérique de l'OCDE 2017

    La publication biennale des Perspectives de l’économie numérique de l’OCDE examine et décrypte les évolutions et les opportunités et défis qui se font jour dans l’économie numérique. Elle met en lumière la manière dont les pays membres et les économies partenaires de l’OCDE tirent parti des technologies de l’information et des communications (TIC) et de l’internet pour atteindre leurs objectifs d’action publique. Données comparatives à l’appui, elle signale les pratiques réglementaires et les lignes d’action dont les décideurs peuvent s’inspirer pour optimiser le potentiel de l’économie numérique au service de l’innovation et de la croissance inclusive.

    La version complète de cette publication sera disponible début 2018.

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  • 30-novembre-2017

    Français

    La prochaine révolution de la production - Conséquences pour les pouvoirs publics et les entreprises

    Cette publication examine les possibilités et les défis que présentent pour les entreprises et les pouvoirs publics les technologies qui préparent l’avènement de la « prochaine révolution de la production », à savoir diverses technologies numériques (p. ex., l’internet des objets et la robotique avancée), les biotechnologies industrielles, l’impression 3D, les nouveaux matériaux et les nanotechnologies. Certaines de ces technologies sont déjà présentes dans les processus de production, d’autres seront accessibles sous peu. Mais toutes se développent rapidement. À mesure qu’elles transformeront les activités de production et de distribution des biens et services, elles auront une influence considérable sur la productivité, les compétences, la distribution des revenus, le bien-être et l’environnement. Mieux les pouvoirs publics et les entreprises sauront appréhender cette transformation prochaine de la production, mieux ils seront à même d’en maîtriser les risques et d’en concrétiser les avantages.

  • 11-November-2017

    English

    Enhancing the Role of Insurance in Cyber Risk Management

    The increasing use of digital technologies in economic activities - while creating significant benefits in terms of productivity and efficiency - is also leading to significant risks including the potential for digital security or cyber incidents to compromise the confidentiality, integrity and availability of information and information systems. While not a substitute for investing in cyber security and risk management, insurance coverage for cyber risk can make an important contribution to the management of cyber risk by promoting awareness about exposure to cyber losses, sharing expertise on risk management, encouraging investment in risk reduction and facilitating the response to cyber incidents. This report provides an overview of the financial impact of cyber incidents, the coverage of cyber risk available in the insurance market, the challenges to market development and initiatives aimed at addressing those challenges. It includes a number of policy recommendations aimed at supporting the development of the cyber insurance market and making a contribution to improving the management of cyber risk.

  • 27-October-2017

    English

    Assessing the Impact of Digital Government in Colombia - Towards a new methodology

    This review analyses the monitoring and evaluation system of Colombia's Online Government Strategy and provides recommendations for developing an impact assessment methodology for digital government. It looks at the background, evolution and current status of the Strategy, and draws insights from the first implementation of a transitional methodology. The findings will help Colombia build the tools and capacities needed to effectively and sustainably implement its digital government strategy.

  • 27-October-2017

    English

    Computers and the Future of Skill Demand

    Computer scientists are working on reproducing all human skills using artificial intelligence, machine learning and robotics. Unsurprisingly then, many people worry that these advances will dramatically change work skills in the years ahead and perhaps leave many workers unemployable.

    This report develops a new approach to understanding these computer capabilities by using a test based on the OECD’s Survey of Adult Skills (PIAAC) to compare computers with human workers. The test assesses three skills that are widely used at work and are an important focus of education: literacy, numeracy and problem solving with computers.

    Most workers in OECD countries use the three skills every day. However, computers are close to reproducing these skills at the proficiency level of most adults in the workforce. Only 13% of workers now use these skills on a daily basis with a proficiency that is clearly higher than computers.

    The findings raise troubling questions about whether most workers will be able to acquire the skills they need as these new computer capabilities are increasingly used over the next few decades. To answer those questions, the report’s approach could be extended across the full range of work skills. We need to know how computers and people compare across all skills to develop successful policies for work and education for the future.

  • 26-October-2017

    English

    Conference on Artificial Intelligence (AI): Intelligent machines, smart policies

    As autonomous and self-taught machines become part of our everyday lives, what sort of policy and institutional frameworks should guide AI design and use? This event will bring together policymakers, civil society representatives and AI experts from industry and academia to discuss the role of policy and international co-operation in ensuring that AI benefits society as a whole.

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  • 16-October-2017

    English

    Frascati Manual R&D and the System of National Accounts

    This working paper looks at the Frascati Manual (FM) framework for R&D statistics and the System of National Accounts (SNA) framework of comprehensive economic accounts. It also highlights the various actions taken in the 2015 FM revision which respond to National Accounts data needs and thereby aims to provide a common platform for collaboration and dialogue between FM and SNA practitioners.

  • 12-October-2017

    English

    What artificial intelligence really means for policy makers

    The OECD Digital Economy Outlook 2017 looks at the potential and risks associated with the rapid development of AI and robots. Their use will bring new opportunities to raise incomes, create new types of jobs and businesses and improve economic and social well-being, but there will be costs and bumps along the way.

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  • 5-October-2017

    English

    News on innovation, science, technology and industry

    Every month, this newsletter delivers the latest reports, statistics and policy recommendations from the OECD on the translation of science, technology and knowledge into innovation.

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  • 26-September-2017

    English

    Marine biotechnology: Definitions, infrastructures and directions for innovation

    Several countries have been setting up strategic roadmaps to support marine biotechnologies that could drive innovation and help address the global sustainability goals of food, energy, and health. This report identifies and begins to address challenges facing cooperation on marine biotechnology across countries.

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