Many devices using small batteries have battery compartments that are easy to open and most people do not know there are safety concerns. Consumers worldwide need to be aware of the serious injuries that small batteries shaped like coins and buttons can cause when swallowed by children.
Synthetic biology is an emerging technology that shows promise for investigating some of the burning issues in biological research. It also has the potential to address some of the grand challenges facing society, such as climate change and energy security.
More than 35 million people worldwide had dementia in 2010 and this number is expected to exceed 115 million by 2050. This paper reports on the opportunities offered by the informatics revolution and big data to address Alzheimer’s Disease and dementia. This will require careful planning and multi-stakeholder collaboration as technical, administrative, regulatory, infrastructure and financial obstacles emerge.
This report presents new evidence on how governments steer and fund public research in higher education and public research institutions through research excellence initiatives (REIs). It provides information on how REIs work and institutions that host centres of excellence. The findings show some of the benefits to be gained through REIs and pitfalls to be avoided.
An ageing population brings new challenges both to healthcare systems and to medicine in terms of the increased manifestation of specific diseases primarily seen in the elderly. Biomedical innovation, and in particular research into "omics technologies", offers the promise of new means of detection, prevention and treatment of age-related disabilities and diseases.
This report describes recent trends in government and institutional level policies to enhance the transfer and exploitation of public research. It also benchmarks a set of countries, universities and public research institutions based on both traditional and new indicators.
This paper explores the development of the bioplastics sector and its role in national bioeconomy strategies. It finds that bioplastics are at a disadvantage compared to some other biobased products, notably biofuels, that often benefit from preferential treatment. It also notes that greater efforts are needed at the international level as regards standards to avoid creating barriers to international trade in biobased products.
Les jeunes entreprises jouent un rôle crucial dans la création d’emplois. L’amélioration des marchés des produits, du travail et des capitaux et une réforme du droit de la faillite leur permettraient de favoriser la croissance de l’emploi et de soutenir la reprise économique, selon un nouveau rapport de l’OCDE.
La plupart des pays de l’OCDE ont recours aux incitations fiscales pour encourager les entreprises à investir dans la recherche‑développement, dans l’optique de stimuler l’innovation et la croissance économique. Il en est de même dans d’autres pays comme la Chine, l’Inde et l’Afrique du Sud.
L’OCDE recommande à ses pays membres de suivre les régimes de réglementation des produits chimiques en vigueur aux niveaux international et national pour gérer les risques associés aux nanomatériaux manufacturés.