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  • 5-août-2020

    Français

    Principaux indicateurs de la science et de la technologie

    Un jeu d'indicateurs mis à jour régulièrement qui reflète le niveau et la structure des efforts menés par les pays de l'OCDE et par une sélection d'économies non-membres dans les domaines de la science et de la technologie.

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  • 15-juin-2020

    Français

    L’OCDE hébergera le Secrétariat du nouveau Partenariat mondial sur l’intelligence artificielle

    L'OCDE hébergera le Secrétariat du nouveau Partenariat mondial sur l’intelligence artificielle (PMIA), une coalition lancée aujourd’hui afin d'encourager l'utilisation responsable de l'intelligence artificielle, dans le respect des droits de l’homme et des valeurs démocratiques. Des précisions sur le rôle de l’OCDE en tant que Secrétariat seront apportées dans les prochains jours.

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  • 14-May-2020

    English

    Crowdsourcing STI policy solutions to COVID-19

    Governments can deploy non-traditional approaches to science, technology and innovation policy making that draw on society’s collective intelligence to find solutions to the COVID-19 crisis. Tools such as innovation prizes, prediction markets, and open-source solutions have shown value and are well-suited to immediately respond to the crisis.

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  • 16-April-2020

    English

    OECD international survey of scientific authors

    The International Survey of Scientific Authors (ISSA) collects information on the activities of authors of scientific publications through a global online survey. It aims to complement other available statistical evidence and indicators in order to provide insights on selected aspects of research and inform science policy.

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  • 11-February-2020

    English

    Mr. Angel Gurría, Secretary-General of the OECD, in Munich from 13 to 14 February 2020

    The Secretary-General of the OECD, Mr. Angel Gurría, will be in Munich from 13 to 14 February 2020 to attend the The Munich Cyber Security Conference (MCSC) and The Munich Security Conference (MSC).

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  • 16-December-2019

    English

    On the concentration of innovation in top cities in the digital age

    This paper investigates how digital technologies have shaped the concentration of inventive activity in cities across 30 OECD countries.

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  • 11-décembre-2019

    Français

    Recommandation sur l’innovation responsable dans le domaine des neurotechnologies

    Cette recommendation vise à aider les pouvoirs publics et les innovateurs à anticiper et affronter les défis éthiques, juridiques et sociaux que font naître les nouvelles neurotechnologies, tout en assurant la promotion de l’innovation dans ce domaine.

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  • 15-November-2019

    English

    Scoping the OECD AI Principles: Deliberations of the expert group on artificial intelligence at the OECD (AIGO)

    As artificial intelligence permeates our societies, its transformational power must be put to the service of people and the planet. This paper presents a common understanding of what an AI system is, as well as a framework detailing the stages of the AI life cycle. This work informed the development of the AI Principles adopted by the OECD Council in 2019.

  • 13-November-2019

    English

    Pharmaceutical Residues in Freshwater - Hazards and Policy Responses

    This report calls for a better understanding of the effects of pharmaceutical residues in the environment, greater international collaboration and accountability distribution, and policy actions to prevent and remedy emerging concerns. Laboratory and field tests show traces of oral contraceptives causing the feminisation of fish and amphibians, and residues of psychiatric drugs altering fish behaviour. Antimicrobial resistance, linked to the overuse of antibiotics, has rapidly escalated into a global health crisis. Unless adequate measures are taken to manage the risks, pharmaceutical residues will increasingly be released into the environment as ageing populations, advances in healthcare, and intensification of meat and fish production spur the demand for pharmaceuticals worldwide. The report outlines a collective, life-cycle approach to managing pharmaceuticals in the environment. A policy mix of source-directed, use-orientated and end-of-pipe measures, involving several policy sectors, can help to improve health and protect the environment.
  • 6-November-2019

    English

    Safety Assessment of Foods and Feeds Derived from Transgenic Crops, Volume 3 - Common bean, Rice, Cowpea and Apple Compositional Considerations

    This volume compiles the consensus documents developed by the OECD Working Group for the Safety of Novel Foods and Feeds from 2015 to 2019. It deals with the composition of common bean, rice, cowpea and apple, four important crops for agriculture and food consumption worldwide. The science-based information collated here is intended for use during the regulatory assessment of food/feed products derived from modern biotechnology, i.e. issued from transgenic plants. Compositional considerations are provided for each species, including tables detailing the key nutrients, anti-nutrients, possible toxicants, allergens and other metabolites contained in the products. This essential information and solid data can be used in the comparative approach as part of the novel food/feed safety assessment. It should be of value to crop breeders and applicants for commercial uses of novel foods and feeds, to regulators and risk assessors in national authorities, as well as the wider scientific community. More information can be found at BioTrack Online.
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