The OECD Directorate for Science, Technology and Industry (STI) develops evidence-based policy advice on the contribution of science, technology and industry to well-being and economic growth. STI Policy Papers cover a broad range of topics, including industry and globalisation, innovation and entrepreneurship, scientific R&D and emerging technologies.
This report explores the characteristics of nanotechnology as it relates to technology convergence i.e. actual instances of the convergence of different technology streams in the research and innovation environments within laboratories and companies. It examines four application areas in which nanotechnology plays a strong role (green packaging, food safety and security, pharmaceuticals and medical devices).
Specific interest in “converging technologies” and “technology convergence” has been growing in scientific, technological and policy circles since the beginning of the 2000s. This report focuses attention on specific instances of technology convergence and the opportunities and challenges they create.
Several OECD countries have published their plans for the development of a future bioeconomy, in which bio-based materials and production techniques will contribute significantly to economic and environmental sustainability. The case for support for bio-based chemicals and plastics therefore warrants serious attention.
Cette publication examine comment les chaînes de valeur mondiales ont évolué et les défis politiques qu'elles ont engendrés.
This book provides a comprehensive assessment of the innovation system of the Netherlands, focusing on the role of government and including concrete recommendations on how to improve policies that affect innovation and R&D performance.
The report presents the potential of new nanomaterials and highlights the remaining challenges for their safe and sustainable introduction in the tyre industry.
New nanomaterials offer promising avenues for future innovation, which can contribute towards the sustainability and resource efficiency of the tyre industry. Yet uncertainty over environmental health and safety (EHS) risks appears to be a main and continuous concern for the development of new nanomaterials in tyre production, even for those closest to market. Lack of sector-specific guidance represents a major gap.
Cette publication semestrielle présente un jeu d'indicateurs reflétant le niveau et la structure des efforts menés par les pays de l'OCDE et par sept économies non membres (Afrique du Sud, Argentine, Chine, Fédération de Russie, Roumanie, Singapour, Taipei chinois) dans les domaines de la science et de la technologie. Il s'agit de résultats définitifs ou provisoires, et de prévisions établies par les gouvernements. Les indicateurs
This review offers a comprehensive assessment of the innovation system of Colombia, focusing on the role of government. It provides concrete recommendations on how to improve policies that affect innovation performance, including R&D policies and identifies good practices from which other countries can learn.
The Overall assessment and recommendations is also available in French and Spanish.