By Date


  • 24-November-2015

    English

    Adapting Transport Policy to Climate Change - Carbon Valuation, Risk and Uncertainty

    Transport accounts for nearly a quarter of carbon dioxide emissions from fuel combustion. The price attached to these emissions is critical to climate policies and emissions mitigation efforts in the sector. As the impact of emissions on climate does not depend on where CO2 is released, the price of carbon should be uniform. In reality, however, it varies immensely, reflecting the complexity of assessing climate impacts.
    This report reviews the three key challenges in considering the effects of carbon dioxide emissions in economic appraisal: the valuation of carbon dioxide emissions, the treatment of uncertainty in climate change and the approach used to discounting future costs and benefits. The report reviews current approaches in selected countries (France, Germany, Japan, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden, the United Kingdom and the United States) and provides examples of good practice and recommendations for national and international policy making.

     

  • 21-October-2015

    English

  • 21-October-2015

    English

  • 20-October-2015

    English

    Launch of the 2015 OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard

    In a world beset by uncertain economic prospects, stronger innovation performance is essential to boosting productivity growth and job creation, and to addressing global challenges like climate change, pandemics and ageing populations. But how do we make innovation happen?

  • 20-October-2015

    English

    Creating our Common Future through Science, Technology and Innovation: OECD Daejeon Ministerial Meeting, Korea

    The OECD Committee for Scientific and Technological Policy is holding a Ministerial level meeting in Daejeon, Korea on 20-21 October 2015.

    Related Documents
  • 19-octobre-2015

    Français

    Les pays doivent intensifier leurs efforts de R-D dans les technologies de pointe

    Les pays doivent investir davantage dans la R D à long terme, afin de développer les technologies de pointe qui façonneront l’industrie, la santé et les communications de demain, et fournir d’urgence les solutions nécessaires pour affronter les défis mondiaux tels que le changement climatique, selon une nouvelle étude de l’OCDE.

    Documents connexes
  • 19-October-2015

    English

    Korea leading in technologies that have potential for future growth, says OECD

    Thanks to robust skills and investment in R&D, Korea is leading in the development of frontier technologies with potential to transform production processes, stimulate the entry of new firms, and the launch of ground-breaking products and applications, according to a new OECD report.

    Related Documents
  • 19-octobre-2015

    Français

  • 8-October-2015

    English

    Frascati Manual 2015 - Guidelines for Collecting and Reporting Data on Research and Experimental Development

    The internationally recognised methodology for collecting and using R&D statistics, the OECD's Frascati Manual is an essential tool for statisticians  and science and innovation policy makers worldwide. It includes definitions of basic concepts, data collection guidelines, and classifications for compiling R&D statistics.  This updated edition contains improved guidelines reflecting recent changes in the way R&D takes place and is funded and the wider use of R&D statistics and definitions. It provides new chapters dedicated to the pratical aspects of collecting R&D data in different sectors, as well as new guidance on capturing different aspects of public support for R&D such as tax incentives.

  • 5-October-2015

    English

    Health Data Governance - Privacy, Monitoring and Research

    All countries are investing in health data. There are however significant cross-country differences in data availability and use. Some countries stand out for their innovative practices enabling privacy-protective data use while others are falling behind with insufficient data and restrictions that limit access to and use of data, even by government itself. Countries that develop a data governance framework that enables privacy-protective data use will not only have the information needed to promote quality, efficiency and performance in their health systems, they will become a more attractive centre for medical research. After examining the current situation in OECD countries, a multi-disciplinary advisory panel of experts identified eight key data governance mechanisms to maximise benefits to patients and to societies from the collection, linkage and analysis of health data and to, at the same time, minimise risks to the privacy of patients and to the security of health data. These mechanisms include coordinated development of high-value, privacy-protective health information systems, legislation that permits privacy-protective data use, open and transparent public communication, accreditation or certification of health data processors, transparent and fair project approval processes, data de-identification and data security practices that meet legal requirements and public expectations without compromising data utility and a process to continually assess and renew the data governance framework as new data and new risks emerge.

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