Although Finland achieved a widely acclaimed transformation to become a leading knowledge-based economy in the late 20th century, the 2009 recession and disruptive change contributing to a deep restructuring of the information and communication technology (ICT) industry and the downsizing of traditional sectors have weighed on the economy, productivity growth and international competitiveness. Numerous policy reforms have since been undertaken, and public and private investment, especially in applied R&D, has been cut back. Strengthening and lifting Finland’s innovation system out of a period of uncertainty requires a coherent and unified new vision for science, technology and innovation (STI), renewed investment and policy instruments. This vision should be oriented towards renewal tackling societal challenges and developing new knowledge-based competitive advantages at global scale. Success calls for better co-ordination and co-operation among policy actors and national and regional-levels, and further internationalisation.
Cet ouvrage propose une description en matière de science et d’innovation de chacun des pays de l’OCDE et de certains pays non membres. Les graphiques permettent à chacun de visualiser certains de ses points forts et faibles par rapport au profil d’autres pays.
Summarises proceedings of a conference looking at examples of human genetic research databases, how they are established, how they are managed and governed, how they might be commercialised, and what the policy considerations might be.
This publication examines the innovation system in pharmaceutical biotechnology in eight OECD countries. Based on rich evidence, it draws policy recommendations to foster innovation in biopharmaceuticals advocating an integrated policy approach.
This study shows how knowledge-intensive services activities (KISAs) contribute to the acquisition and growth capabilities of firms and public sector organisations.
With case studies on Austria, Belgium (Flanders), Finland, Greece, Ireland, the Netherlands, Norway and Sweden, this book illustrates mechanisms and practices for better governance co-ordination and integration across policy areas.
This book presents case studies on innovation policy governance in Australia, Austria, Belgium (Flanders), Finland, Greece, Ireland, Japan, Korea, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway and Sweden. It provides fresh insight into how governments are striving to make innovation policy more coherent.
Investment in information technologies has by no means been confined to the United States and yet, average European or Japanese growth experience has been quite different.
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The purpose of the present chapter is to describe the flow of employees into and out of the higher educational system from and into the surrounding economy.