The OECD Committee for Scientific and Technological Policy held a Ministerial-level meeting in Daejeon, Korea on 20-21 October 2015. Discussions addressed innovation strategies, impact of public investment, science policies for the 21st century, science and innovation for health, new technologies for a sustainable future and the green economy, and science and innovation for global inclusiveness.
Les pays doivent investir davantage dans la R D à long terme, afin de développer les technologies de pointe qui façonneront l’industrie, la santé et les communications de demain, et fournir d’urgence les solutions nécessaires pour affronter les défis mondiaux tels que le changement climatique, selon une nouvelle étude de l’OCDE.
Thanks to robust skills and investment in R&D, Korea is leading in the development of frontier technologies with potential to transform production processes, stimulate the entry of new firms, and the launch of ground-breaking products and applications, according to a new OECD report.
The Korean innovation system is in many ways highly developed and has helped to underpin Korea’s rapid industrialisation. However, long-standing policy emphases on manufacturing and large firms are today in question. Structural problems - such as the relatively weak innovation performance of SMEs, a lagging services sector and limited domestic job creation among the industrial conglomerates - have led to a shift in policy priorities. This shift is crystallised in the current government’s Creative Economy Strategy, which entails a far-reaching set of measures aimed at fostering cutting-edge innovation and consolidating a knowledge-based economy increasingly driven by high-value services. This review addresses Korea’s industry and technology policies and institutions, and provides policy recommendations.
This book draws on work on green innovation across several parts of the OECD to show how it can drive sustainable growth and job creation. It explores policy actions for the deployment of new technologies and innovations as they emerge.
This book examines dynamics between demand and innovation and provides insights into the rationale and scope for public policies. Drawing on country experience and case studies, it illustrates good practices for designing, implementing and evaluating demand-side innovation policies.
Cet ouvrage propose une description en matière de science et d’innovation de chacun des pays de l’OCDE et de certains pays non membres. Les graphiques permettent à chacun de visualiser certains de ses points forts et faibles par rapport au profil d’autres pays.
This publication assesses the current status of Korea’s innovation system and policies, and identifies where and how the government should focus its efforts to improve the country’s innovation capabilities.
This report assesses the current status of Korea’s innovation system and policies, and identifies where and how the government should focus its efforts to improve the country’s innovation capabilities. It finds that Korea has one of the highest rates of spending on R&D in the world, much of which is performed by private firms. It also has a highly educated labour force – as signalled by its impressive PISA performance and exceptionally high rates of tertiary level graduation – with a strong interest in science and technology.
However, a number of bottlenecks persist that hamper Korea’s economic convergence with the leading OECD economies. These include a relatively weak SME sector and weak performance in services, as well as lagging capacities to conduct leading-edge research in many areas. Furthermore, Korea faces numerous threats in the mid term, notably increased levels of competition from China and other newly-industrialising economies, the lowest fertility rate in the OECD and an ageing society, and a continuing high dependency on imports of natural resources, particularly hydrocarbons. In the shorter term, the economic crisis offers its own challenges, with the need for some policy adjustments to deal with expected falls in business investment in R&D and growing levels of unemployment among the highly skilled.
Summarises proceedings of a conference looking at examples of human genetic research databases, how they are established, how they are managed and governed, how they might be commercialised, and what the policy considerations might be.