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España se sitúa en primer lugar respecto a la esperanza de vida por delante del resto de 28 países europeos, tras mejoras estables en las últimas décadas. A pesar de esto, más de la mitad de los años vividos a partir de los 65 años se viven con algún tipo de problema de salud o discapacidad, lo que aumenta la presión en los sistemas de salud y los cuidados a largo plazo.
This fourth edition of Health at a Glance Asia/Pacific presents a set of key indicators of health status, the determinants of health, health care resources and utilisation, health care expenditure and financing and health care quality across 27 Asia-Pacific countries and economies. Drawing on a wide range of data sources, it builds on the format used in previous editions of Health at a Glance, and gives readers a better understanding of the factors that affect the health of populations and the performance of health systems in these countries and economies.
Each of the indicators is presented in a user-friendly format, consisting of charts illustrating variations across countries and over time, brief descriptive analyses highlighting the major findings conveyed by the data, and a methodological box on the definition of the indicator and any limitations in data comparability. An annex provides additional information on the demographic context in which health systems operate.
This edition is a joint OECD, WHO/WPRO and WHO/SEARO publication.
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The United Kingdom population continues to enjoy good access to care, especially at the primary care level, although both human and financial resources are restricted.
The latest OECD news on health, focusing on the final report of the UN Secretary-General High-level Commission on Health Employment and Economic Growth, the release of "OECD Reviews of Health Systems: Latvia", the results of the Health Systems Characteristics survey, the G7 Health Ministers’ Meeting in Kobe, as well as the OECD Health Division involvement in the latest international events.
OECD Director for Employment, Labour and Social Affairs Stefano Scarpetta presented the OECD’s report “Universal Health Coverage and Health Outcomes” and highlighted the main challenges facing the health innovation model.
The G7 Health Ministers meeting in Kobe on 11-12 September welcomed OECD work on the linkages between Universal Health Coverage and healthy ageing, and recognised OECD work on access to innovative health treatments. The OECD will deliver initial findings following the French-led initiative to identify innovative options to pay for new medicines and high-cost treatments at the 17 January 2016 OECD Health Ministers meeting.
Mental disorders account for one of the largest and fastest growing categories of the burden of disease with which health systems must cope, often accounting for a greater burden than cardiovascular disease and cancer.
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Final report for the G7 Health Ministerial meeting, Kobe, Japan, 11-12 September 2016. This report addresses, among other issues, to what extent has the achievement of UHC in OECD countries contributed to improved population health outcomes; and is UHC affordable for low- and middle-income countries.
Malgré les progrès remarquables de l’état de santé et de l’espérance de vie dans les pays de l’OCDE au cours des dernières décennies, de nombreuses inégalités subsistent non seulement entre les pays, mais aussi entre les groupes de population au sein de chaque pays. Ces inégalités en santé sont liées à de multiples facteurs, dont les différences dans l’exposition aux facteurs de risque sanitaires et dans l’accès aux soins de santé.
Latvia’s health system broadly delivers effective and efficient care to the population within a context of significantly fewer resources – and higher health care needs – than most OECD countries. Latvia has successfully consolidated its hospital sector and strengthened primary care. Average length of stay in hospital fell by almost 15% between 2005 and 2013, and GPs are now required to follow up on patients who called for emergency medical assistance but were not hospitalised. OECD health systems could learn much from these reforms as well as longer-standing institutions, such as Latvia’s feldshers (physician assistants). Latvia nevertheless faces important challenges to improve the performance of its health system. Up to one in five Latvians report forgoing health care because of the cost; waiting times for key diagnostic and treatment services can be long; and inclusion of key treatments in the publicly-funded benefits basket does not always reflect latest best practice. Critically, the health system lags behind many OECD countries in the extent to which data are used to systematically measure, compare and improve the performance of services, especially at more granular provider or local levels. This review aims to support Latvia in continuing reform of its health system, informed by international best practice.