Les dépenses de santé ont recommencé à augmenter, après avoir stagné, voire reculé, dans de nombreux pays de l'OCDE pendant la crise, mais à un rythme qui reste bien inférieur au taux avant la crise, notamment en Europe, selon les Statistiques de l’OCDE sur la santé 2014.
This book presents a comprehensive review of health care quality in the Czech Republic. It finds that over the past 20 years, the Czech Republic witnessed the unprecedented gains in quality of health care and life expectancy and successfully transferred its Semaschko system into the modern accessible health care system with private-public mix of providers. Nevertheless the health care system in the Czech Republic still has some way to go to achieve the outcomes of the best performing OECD members. While some of the gap might be caused by the one of the lowest levels of health care expenditures among OECD countries (7.2% GDP in 2011) there are possibilities to improve the outcomes without incurring much of the additional costs.
The Czech authorities should reach a consensus on the development of quality of care and data infrastructure and aim for sustainable long-term initiatives undisturbed by the political cycles in both of these areas. While the adverse events reporting and voluntary accreditation are the good steps towards the accountability of the providers, the government should do more in this area, undertake the effort to broaden the accreditation process and include outpatient care and link public health authorities to the quality agenda of inpatient care. In the area of data infrastructure more data should be gathered, the process of data gathering should be streamlined and administrative burden for the providers lowered primarily via the merging the data-collecting agencies. Finally, without the active participation of health insurance funds and proper reimbursement mechanisms in place the quality agenda will not be perceived as the priority.
The 2012 HSC Survey identifies policy responses to tackle possible issues with problems of physician supply in OECD countries and takes stock of the employment status of doctors, their training and various issues concerning regulations of this medical profession.
The pricing of specialist and hospital services is a contentious issue in South Africa. To help inform domestic debates, the OECD Secretariat has produced a paper profiling international experiences on the pricing of specialist medical services services, competition policy and models of buying services from the private sector.
English, PDF, 1,664kb
This Final Report focuses on the cost of illness, a contextual review of the System of Health Accounts 2011, a summary of overall data availability, background, methodology and results of the hospital expenditure modelling, allocating pharmaceutical data by disease, and allocating ambulatory expenditure by disease.
This book presents a comprehensive review of health care quality in Norway. It finds that Norway has an impressive and comprehensive health system, which is the result of sustained commitment to providing health care for the whole Norwegian population, investment in the health system, and readiness to make changes to drive improvements. On most indicators Norway’s health system appears to be performing well, although there is some room for improvement. There have been a number of significant health care reforms in Norway over the last decade, most recently the Coordination Reform, which took effect in January 2012.
Broadly this is a positive story, but challenges do lie ahead for Norway. Norway is putting in place measures to respond to these challenges, notably with the 2012 Coordination Reform, but still has some way to go before the fruits of such labour are truly felt across the health system. Norway’s ambitious reform agenda must now be balanced by structured efforts ‘on the ground’. Attention should now turn to putting in place appropriate data infrastructures, promoting meaningful engagement between key stakeholders, and by balancing a generous health budget that allows for important investments in developing new structures and services with attention to getting the most out of existing services.
L’amélioration du dispositif de soins primaires et de la coordination des services de santé aiderait la Norvège à répondre à l’évolution des besoins de son système de santé, compte tenu du vieillissement de la population et du raccourcissement des séjours à l’hôpital, selon un nouveau rapport de l’OCDE.
La Suisse devrait renforcer son action pour favoriser l’accès ou le maintien à l’emploi des personnes atteintes de troubles mentaux.
This report reviews the quality of health care in Sweden. It begins by providing an overview of the range of policies and practices aimed at supporting quality of care in Sweden (Chapter 1). It then focuses on three key areas particularly relevant to elderly populations: strengthening primary care in Sweden (Chapter 2), better assurance for quality in long-term care (Chapter 3), and improving care after hip fracture and stroke (Chapter 4). In examining these areas, this report highlights best practices and provides recommendations to improve the quality of care in Sweden.
Français, PDF, 240kb
La France a un système de santé qui se compare toujours avantageusement, à bien des égards, à la plupart des autres pays de l’OCDE. Mais il est important de poursuivre les efforts visant la prévention des maladies et l’amélioration de l’efficience du système de santé pour maintenir la qualité et l’accès aux soins dans un contexte budgétaire serré, selon un nouveau rapport de l’OCDE.