Publications & Documents


  • 22-June-2016

    English

    Better Ways to Pay for Health Care

    Payers for health care are pursuing a variety of policies as part of broader efforts to improve the quality and efficiency of care.  Payment reform is but one policy tool to improve health system performance that requires supportive measures in place such as policies with well-developed stakeholder involvement, information on quality, clear criteria for tariff setting, and embedding evaluation as part of the policy process. Countries should not, however, underestimate the significant data challenges when looking at price setting processes. Data access and ways to overcome its fragmentation require well-developed infrastructures. Policy efforts highlight a trend towards aligning payer and provider incentives by using evidence-based clinical guidelines and outcomes to inform price setting. There are signs of increasing policy focus on outcomes to inform price setting. These efforts could bring about system-wide effects of using evidence along with a patient-centred focus to improve health care delivery and performance in the long-run.

  • 8-June-2016

    English

    The Economic Consequences of Outdoor Air Pollution

    This report provides a comprehensive assessment of the economic consequences of outdoor air pollution in the coming decades, focusing on the impacts on mortality, morbidity, and changes in crop yields as caused by high concentrations of pollutants. Unless more stringent policies are adopted, findings point to a significant increase in global emissions and concentrations of air pollutants, with severe impacts on human health and the environment. The market impacts of outdoor air pollution are projected to lead to significant economic costs, which are illustrated at the regional and sectoral levels, and to substantial annual global welfare costs.

  • 20-mai-2016

    Français

    Inégalités en santé

    Malgré les progrès remarquables de l’état de santé et de l’espérance de vie dans les pays de l’OCDE au cours des dernières décennies, de nombreuses inégalités subsistent non seulement entre les pays, mais aussi entre les groupes de population au sein de chaque pays. Ces inégalités en santé sont liées à de multiples facteurs, dont les différences dans l’exposition aux facteurs de risque sanitaires et dans l’accès aux soins de santé.

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  • 18-mai-2016

    Français

    Statistiques sur la santé

    L’OCDE poursuit des travaux sur les données et les indicateurs de santé en vue d’améliorer les comparaisons à l’échelle internationale et les analyses économiques des systèmes de santé.

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  • 17-May-2016

    English

    Graph of the Month

    The OECD Health Division is releasing a new series to highlight its work on health policies and data. A new graph will be available each month.

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  • 29-April-2016

    English

    Adopting a Territorial Approach to Food Security and Nutrition Policy

    Food insecurity and malnutrition are major international concerns, especially in rural areas. At the global scale, they have received considerable attention and investment, but the results achieved so far have been mixed. Some countries have made progress at the national level, but still have many citizens who are food insecure, often concentrated in specific geographic areas. Food insecurity and poverty are highly interlinked and have a strong territorial dimension. To provide effective long-term solutions, policy responses must therefore be tailored to the specific challenges of each territory, taking into account a multidimensional response that includes food availability, access, utilisation and stability. This report highlights five case studies and the OECD New Rural Paradigm, presenting an effective framework for addressing food insecurity and malnutrition.
     

  • 27-April-2016

    English, PDF, 413kb

    Overview of Health Policy in Korea

    In the past 30 years Korea has gone from having a limited medical infrastructure, fragmented financing and limited population coverage, to a health care system characterised by universal coverage, one of the highest life expectancies in the world while still having one of the lowest levels of health expenditure among OECD countries.

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  • 27-April-2016

    English, PDF, 529kb

    Overview of Health Policy in Israel

    Israel has built a universal health system at relatively low-cost. Health spending was 7.5% of GDP in 2013, below the OECD average of 8.9% although the health spending share of GDP has been increasing rapidly, particularly in recent years. Israel has developed a sophisticated programme to monitor quality of primary care.

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  • 27-April-2016

    English, PDF, 351kb

    Overview of Health Policy in Norway

    Norway has an impressive and comprehensive health system, but it is facing several challenges over the coming years. The shift in the need for care from an ageing population will weigh heavily on the Norwegian health care system, demanding for more skilled health care personnel as well as strengthening of community care.

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  • 27-April-2016

    English, PDF, 356kb

    Overview of Health Policy in Greece

    Between 2009 and 2013, public spending on health fell by EUR 5.2 billion – representing a 32% drop in real-terms. This reduction clearly represents a shock for the system to adsorb, even though it is clear that there were inefficiencies in the Greek system (for example, inappropriate prescribing, weak primary care, imbalances in the mix of health professionals).

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