At the OECD, we have calculated that about 50% of all the antimicrobials prescribed by healthcare facilities in our member countries do not meet prescription guidelines. In healthcare services such as long-term care facilities and general practices up to 70% and 90% respectively of antibiotics may be prescribed for inappropriate reasons.
Si nous n’agissons pas, la pollution de l’air extérieur pourrait entraîner 6 à 9 millions de décès prématurés d’ici 2060 et coûter 1 % du PIB mondial – soit quelque 2 600 milliards USD par an – du fait des jours de congé de maladie, des frais médicaux et de la réduction de la production agricole, selon un nouveau rapport de l’OCDE.
Food insecurity and malnutrition are major international concerns, especially in rural areas. At the global scale, they have received considerable attention and investment, but the results achieved so far have been mixed. Some countries have made progress at the national level, but still have many citizens who are food insecure, often concentrated in specific geographic areas. Food insecurity and poverty are highly interlinked and have a strong territorial dimension. To provide effective long-term solutions, policy responses must therefore be tailored to the specific challenges of each territory, taking into account a multidimensional response that includes food availability, access, utilisation and stability. This report highlights five case studies and the OECD New Rural Paradigm, presenting an effective framework for addressing food insecurity and malnutrition.
This paper looks at recent trends in pharmaceutical spending across OECD countries. It examines the drivers of recent spending trends, highlighting differences across therapeutic classes, and then looks at emerging challenges for policy makers in the management of pharmaceutical spending.
“Mental health issues exact a high price on individuals, their families, employers and the economy,” said OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría, “Policymakers have been too slow to act. Strong political leadership is needed to drive reform and tackle this issue.”
An elderly man with cardiovascular disease tests his own blood pressure, and sends the results to an online application that his doctor can access. Another patient with depression living in a rural area far from health services tells a psychiatrist how he is feeling via a video connection. All of this occurs without the patients leaving their homes.
Latvia has undergone major economic and social change since the early 1990s. Despite an exceptionally deep recession following the global financial crisis, impressive economic growth over the past two decades has narrowed income and productivity gaps relative to comparator countries in the OECD. But Latvians report low degrees of life satisfaction, very large numbers of Latvians have left the country, and growth has not been inclusive. A volatile economy and very large income disparities create pressing needs for more effective social and labour-market policies. The government’s reform programme rightly acknowledges inequality as a key challenge. However, without sustained policy efforts and adequate resources, there is a risk that productivity and income growth could remain below potential and social cohesion could be further weakened by high or rising inequality.
Launch and first meeting of the Commission, Lyon, France. The meeting was chaired by H.E. Mr François Hollande, President of France and, H.E. Mr Jacob Zuma, President of South Africa.
Le nombre de médecins et de personnels infirmiers atteint des niveaux record dans l’OCDE. Il serait désormais souhaitable que les pays réforment leurs stratégies de formation et d’emploi afin de mieux répondre à l’évolution des besoins de la population en matière de santé et de réduire le recours aux professionnels de santé de pays en développement formés à l’étranger.
Des recherches doivent être menées de toute urgence pour évaluer les risques éventuels pour la santé humaine et les écosystèmes liés à la présence de quantités toujours plus importantes de nanomatériaux manufacturés dans les déchets ménagers, qui finissent rejetées dans l’environnement, selon un nouveau rapport de l’OCDE.