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Entry to medical education in Italy follows the completion of high-school education and the grades obtained in a national exam, and it is subject to a numerus clausus (i.e., annual quota) set by the Ministry of Education, University and Research. It takes about six years for students to complete the first medical degree.
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In Canada, there are three main categories for nurses: Licenced Practice Nurses (LPNs), Registered Nurses (RNs) and Registered Psychiatric Nurses (RPNs). In addition, registered nurses can pursue further education to become Clinical Nurse Specialists and/or Nurse Practitioners.
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In Germany, there are two main categories of nurses, first level and second level. A majority of first level nurses are trained through a 3-year vocational training programme involving hospital-based training, and these nurses can go on to pursue further education and training to specialise within the hospital setting.
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To become a doctor in the UK, on average, a student can expect between 10 to 15 years of university education and post-graduate training.
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In France, there is only one main category of nurses. Following the 2009 reform, nursing education has moved from vocational programmes to higher education (university) programmes, with a requirement for nurses to obtain a Bachelor degree to align these educational requirements with other European countries.
Mental disorders account for one of the largest and fastest growing categories of the burden of disease with which health systems must cope, often accounting for a greater burden than cardiovascular disease and cancer.
OECD governments have to decide whether they want to cover more services at a limited reimbursement rate, or whether they want to extend more the financial protection for a limited number of services.
Des recherches doivent être menées de toute urgence pour évaluer les risques éventuels pour la santé humaine et les écosystèmes liés à la présence de quantités toujours plus importantes de nanomatériaux manufacturés dans les déchets ménagers, qui finissent rejetées dans l’environnement, selon un nouveau rapport de l’OCDE.
OECD Health Care Quality Reviews seek to examine what works and what does not work in different countries – both to benchmark the efforts of countries and to provide advice on reforms to improve their health system.
Les niveaux de prix des services hospitaliers dans le secteur privé en Afrique du Sud sont comparables à ceux observés dans les pays de l’OCDE, mais ils sont supérieurs à ce à quoi on pourrait s’attendre compte tenu du PIB du pays, selon un nouveau document de travail de l’OCDE.