This report examines how countries perform in their ability to prevent, manage and treat cardiovascular disease (CVD) and diabetes. The last 50 years have witnessed remarkable improvements in CVD outcomes. Since 1960, overall CVD mortality rates have fallen by over 60%, but these improvements are not evenly spread across OECD countries, and the rising prevalence of diabetes and obesity are threatening to offset gains.
This report examines how OECD countries deliver the programmes and services related to CVD and diabetes. It considers how countries have used available health care resources to reduce the overall burden of CVD and diabetes, and it focuses on the variation in OECD health systems’ ability to convert health care inputs (such as expenditure) into health gains.
La progression du diabète et de l’obésité menace les progrès enregistrés dans la lutte contre les maladies cardiovasculaires
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The health care system in Slovenia is in urgent need of reform. Rising costs and the economic downturn following the global financial crisis have resulted in the emergence of severe financial constraints.
All on Board: Making Inclusive Growth Happen puts forth a new approach to economic growth that goes beyond traditional monetary indicators and includes dimensions that reflect people's well-being. It introduces an analytical framework to assess economic growth based on a measurement of multidimensional living standards. The report also presents win-win policies that can deliver stronger growth and greater inclusiveness in areas such as: macroeconomic policies, labour market policies, education and skills, infrastructure and public services and development and urban policies. It underscores the need to assess and weigh trade-offs and complementarities between and among policies, and the crucial role of good governance in implementing an Inclusive Growth agenda.
The Portuguese National Health Service has responded well to financial pressure, successfully balancing the twin priorities of financial consolidation and continuous quality improvement, according to a new OECD report.
This report reviews the quality of health care in Portugal, seeks to highlight best practices, and provides a series of targeted assessments and recommendations for further improvements to quality of care. The Portuguese National Health Service has responded well to financial pressure, successfully balancing the twin priorities of financial consolidation and continuous quality improvement. Even in the post-crisis years when GDP fell and health spending declined, improvements in quality of care continued. The need to reduce health spending has been met through a combination of structural reforms, and a well-designed suite of quality initiatives. Reforms around the purchasing and use of pharmaceuticals and medical devices have helped drive down costs, and Portugal has been innovative in how public funds are used to pay providers, increasingly basing payments on quality and efficiency. Important priorities for further work in the Portuguese health system do remain. Portugal will need to improve clinical processes and pathways, particularly in the acute sector. There is still room to improve efficiency, for instance increasing the share of generic drug consumption, and using the Portuguese health workforce more effectively, especially through expanded roles for nurses. Further structural reform is needed with an emphasis on shifting care out of hospitals into less-expensive community settings, and Portugal will also need to reflect on the strategic direction of the primary care system which, following an impressive reform, now risks developing into a two-tiered system with increasingly divergent levels of care quality.
La consommation à risque est en augmentation, chez les jeunes et chez les femmes, dans de nombreux pays de l’OCDE, en partie parce que les boissons alcoolisées sont devenues plus aisément disponibles et plus accessibles financièrement, et qu’elles font l’objet de campagnes de publicité efficaces, selon un nouveau rapport de l’OCDE.
OECD insights blog: Francesca Colombo, Head of the OECD Health Division, discusses the issues related to health systems and an ageing population.
The OECD launched a project on “Benchmarking ICTs in health systems”, a multi-stakeholder initiative to improve the availability and quality of health ICT data through the development of a robust measurement framework and comparable cross-national measures. This task was accomplished in 2013 with the publication of an OECD “Guide to Measuring ICTs in the Health Sector”.
Ce rapport du groupe de travail du Forum International des Transports sur la sécurité des cyclistes examine les tendances internationales en matière de cyclisme, de sécurité et de politiques et explore les options qui peuvent aider les décideurs politiques à concevoir des environnements sûrs pour les cyclistes. Les messages-clés s’ordonnent autour de la fixation d’objectifs stratégiques pour les politiues relatives à l’usage de la bicyclette, et de gestion des risques d’accidents dans un contexte de bénéfices accrus pour la santé. Le rapport se penche également sur la façon de mieux appréhender statistiquement les risques d’accident et l’usage du vélo. Les impacts en termes de sécurité d’un vaste ensemble de mesures en faveur du vélo sont examinés en détail.