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Italy's indicators of health status and quality of care remain among the best in the EU. However, a growing proportion of the population reports unmet needs for medical care and dental care, particularly among low-income groups, which might increase health inequalities.
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Gli indicatori di stato di salute e qualità dell’assistenza in Italia rimangono fra i migliori in UE. La percentuale di popolazione che riporta esigenze di cure mediche e dentali non soddisfatte è in crescita, in particolare per i gruppi a basso reddito, con un conseguente potenziale aumento delle disuguaglianze nel settore sanitario.
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Entry to medical education in Italy follows the completion of high-school education and the grades obtained in a national exam, and it is subject to a numerus clausus (i.e., annual quota) set by the Ministry of Education, University and Research. It takes about six years for students to complete the first medical degree.
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In Italy, there are two main categories of nurses requiring a university bachelor’s degree: Registered Nurses (RN) and Registered Paediatric Nurses (RPN). Once a Registered Nurse or a RPN, nurses can pursue further education in the form of a Master’s or Doctoral degree, which is more oriented towards an academic career.
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Italy’s indicators of health system outcomes and quality are consistently good. This is despite levels of health spending below other high-income OECD countries. However, Italy is lagging behind in some areas, like long-term care and prevention of non-communicable diseases.
Base de données Statistiques de l'OCDE sur la santé 2015 - Notes par pays
This report reviews the quality of health care in Italy, seeks to highlight best practices, and provides a series of targeted assessments and recommendations for further improvements to quality of care. Italy’s indicators of health system outcomes, quality and efficiency are uniformly impressive. Life expectancy is the fifth highest in the OECD. Avoidable admission rates are amongst the very best in the OECD, and case-fatality after stroke or heart attack are also well below OECD averages. These figures, however, mask profound regional differences. Five times as many children in Sicily are admitted to hospital with an asthma attack than in Tuscany, for example. Despite this, quality improvement and service redesign have taken a back-seat as the fiscal crisis has hit. Fiscal consolidation has become an over-riding priority, even as health needs rapidly evolve. Italy must urgently prioritise quality of its health care services alongside fiscal sustainability. Regional differences must be lessened, in part by giving central authorities a greater role in supporting regional monitoring of local performance. Proactive, coordinated care for people with complex needs must be delivered by a strengthened primary care sector. Fundamental to each of these steps will be ensuring that the knowledge and skills of the health care workforce are best matched to needs.
Au cours des dernières décennies, l’Italie a considérablement amélioré la qualité de ses soins de santé, mais elle doit encore réduire les fortes disparités régionales qui subsistent, selon une nouvelle étude de l’OCDE.
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Italy's indicators of health status and quality of care remain among the best in the EU. Italy spent 9.2% of its GDP on health in 2012, slightly more than the EU average of 8.7%.
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Health spending per capita in real terms fell by 2% in Italy in 2011, and is estimated to have fallen by a further 0.4% in 2012. Spending per capita also fell in 10 other European countries between 2009 and 2011, following the recession and the need for fiscal consolidation, according to a new OECD report.