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The Russian Railway system is in the process of rapid legal, organisational and regulatory reform. This paper is based on a series of discussions with the Government on the reform plans and the progress in implementing reform. The conclusions are not intended to be interpreted as requirements or instructions on the next steps in the process. They instead aim to raise questions where, from observing difficult reform issues in other
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The Russian government has embarked on a highly ambitious program of electricity reform. Russian policymakers have recognised that attracting timely and appropriate investment will remain a substantial and ongoing challenge, which can most effectively be addressed through the creation of efficient electricity markets operating in response to genuine price signals, within a robust and predictable legal and regulatory framework.
The Russia review follows a multidisciplinary approach and covers the overall economic context for regulatory reform, the government’s capacity to manage regulatory reform, competition policy and enforcement, and market openness.
Malgré d’abondantes possibilités d’investissement, la Fédération de Russie a attiré relativement peu d’investissements directs étrangers (IDE) et elle a subi une fuite massive de capitaux. Ce phénomène résulte de restrictions sectorielles à l’encontre de l’investissement étranger ainsi que d’importants facteurs institutionnels qui affectent aussi les entreprises nationales.Depuis dix ans, la Russie a sensiblement amélioré les
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The OECD has been working on environmental taxation in the Russian Federation since 2001. This report focuses on reforming pollution charges, the main and most comprehensive type of economic instrument used for environmental protection in Russia.
This book presents a method to develop financing strategies for investment-heavy environmental infrastructure, such as urban water supply, wastewater collection and treatment, and municipal solid waste. The strategies, supported by the FEASIBLE computer model, were developed in several countries of Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia (EECCA), in EU accession countries and China.