This report assesses the state of Armenia’s sanitation services, which are in poor shape, and proposes ways forward for reforming the sector by: ensuring equitable access by all and identifying solutions that work for the poorest and most remote communities; generating economies of scale and scope, and reducing both investment and operational costs for the efficient delivery of sanitation services; and moving towards sustainable cost recovery for the sanitation sector, by identifying how much funding can be mobilised from within the sector and how much external transfers are required. The state of Armenia’s sanitation services are inadequate, with 51% of the population in rural areas using unimproved facilities, causing direct damage to the environment and exposing inhabitants to health risks, and better access but degraded sewerage-system infrastructure in urban areas, posing health hazards due to potential cross-contamination between sewage and drinking water. According to preliminary estimates, EUR 2.6 billion of investments will be required to meet Armenia’s sanitation needs, with approximately EUR 1 billion needing to be spent in the next 7 to 10 years. Given the country’s current economic situation, this investment will have to be spread over time and targeted to avoid further deterioration of infrastructure and increase of the financing gap.
Launched in 2014, this project will review the cost effectiveness of tax and other financial incentives, as well as assess the more efficient ways of using public money to increase savings for retirement, retirement income and replacement rates.
English, PDF, 480kb
30 June 2017 - Preliminary statistics for 2016 show diverging trends in terms of premiums collected by insurance companies across countries. In just over half of the reporting countries (21 out of 40), insurance companies experienced an increase in direct gross premiums written in real terms, irrespective of whether they engage in life or nonlife insurance activities. These 21 countries include 12 OECD and 9 non-OECD countries.
This report analyses insurance market statistics collected by the OECD to monitor the insurance industry’s overall performance and health. It covers all OECD countries plus selected Asian, African and Latin American countries.
Long-term capital is in short supply and has become increasingly so since the 2008 financial crisis. This has profound implications for growth and financial stability. The OECD is exploring these issues in depth.
The first OECD PISA international assessment of financial literacy examined 15-year-old students’ performance in financial literacy in the 18 countries and economies that participated in this optional assessment.
English, PDF, 589kb
23/05/2017 - Preliminary data for 2016 show that pension fund assets grew in most reporting economies. Pension fund investments increased in 32 out of the 35 OECD economies and 25 out of the 27 non-OECD economies covered.
This annual report on pensions markets reviews trends in the financial performance of pension funds, including investment returns and asset allocation. The 2015 edition also includes analysis of the extent to which data available show whether pension funds are involved in a “search for yield”.
13/05/2017 - With the frequency and scope of cyber incidents growing significantly, this report provides an overview of the market for cyber insurance as well as the current challenges in terms of data availability, quantification of cyber risks, awareness and misunderstanding about coverage. It identifies potential policy measures to address some of the main challenges to the development of an effective cyber insurance market.
English, PDF, 1,865kb
This paper presents the findings of an international stocktaking of the regulatory frameworks that apply to institutional investment in different jurisdictions and how these frameworks are interpreted by institutional investors in terms of their ability or responsibility to integrate environmental, social and governance (ESG) factors in their governance processes.