Every two years, the OECD Pensions Outlook provides an analysis of the main policy issues affecting pensions in OECD countries and assesses trends in retirement income systems. It discusses policy initiatives for strengthening pension systems, funded private pension systems in particular.
This new high profile report provides details of taxes paid on wages in twenty economies in Latin America and the Caribbean. It covers: personal income taxes and social security contributions paid by employees; social security contributions and payroll taxes paid by employers; cash benefits received by in-work families.
It illustrates how these taxes and benefits are calculated in each member country and examines how they impact on household incomes. The results also enable quantitative cross-country comparisons of labour cost levels and the overall tax and benefit position of single persons and families on different levels of earnings.
The publication shows the amounts of taxes and social security contributions levied and cash benefits received for eight different family types which vary by a combination of household composition and household type. It also presents the resulting average and marginal tax rates (i.e. the tax burden). Average tax rates show that part of gross wage earnings or total labour costs which is taken in tax and social security contributions (both before and after cash benefits). Marginal tax rates show the part of a small increase of gross earnings or total labour costs that is paid in these levies.
The data presented can be used in academic research and to analyse tax, social and economic policies in Latin America and the Caribbean.
The OECD International Platform on Terrorism Risk Insurance shares information and identifies good practices on terrorism risk financing to contribute to more rapid economic recovery in the event of attacks. This page provides information about national terrorism insurance programmes in several countries and monitors their evolution.
This e-platform monitors the evolution of national terrorism insurance programmes and the degree of government participation in these schemes. It tracks market trends, and identifies and shares best practices to continuously improve terrorism insurance solutions and financial resilience to terrorism.
English, PDF, 265kb
This document contains the final version of the guidance note on recommended policy steps on diversification of financial instruments for infrastructure and SMEs. It was considered by G20 Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors at their meeting in Chengdu and is now transmitted to G20 Leaders.
English, PDF, 1,183kb
This document contains the final version of the support note on diversification of financial instruments for infrastructure. This note was considered by G20 Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors at their meeting in Chengdu and is now transmitted to G20 Leaders.
The OECD is working on improving the understanding of the problems facing annuity markets by focusing more closely on the nature of the guarantees provided by annuity products and their costs for insurance companies and consumers.
In-depth analysis from the OECD addresses the financial market dimension of sovereign debt challenges to assist policy makers in designing, adopting, and implementing appropriate policies.
Disasters present a broad range of human, social, financial, economic and environmental impacts, with potentially long-lasting, multi-generational effects. The financial management of these impacts is a key challenge for individuals and governments in developed and developing countries. G20 Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors and APEC Finance Ministers have recognised the importance and priority of disaster risk management strategies and, in particular, disaster risk assessment and risk financing. The OECD has supported the development of strategies for the financial management of natural and man-made disaster risks, under the guidance of the OECD High-Level Advisory Board on Financial Management of Large-scale Catastrophes and the OECD Insurance and Private Pensions Committee. This work has included the elaboration of an OECD Recommendation on Good Practices for Mitigating and Financing Catastrophic Risks and a draft Recommendation on Disaster Risk Financing Strategies The Financial Management of Flood Risk extends this work by applying the lessons from the OECD’s analysis of disaster risk financing practices and the development of its guidance to the specific case of floods.
Long-term capital is in short supply and has become increasingly so since the 2008 financial crisis. This has profound implications for growth and financial stability. The OECD is exploring these issues in depth.