Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises (SME) Policy Index


The Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises (SME) Policy Index is a benchmarking tool in countries in South East Europe (SEE) and Kosovo under UNSCR 1244/99 that monitors and evaluates progress in implementing the main policy framework for SME development elaborated by the European Union: The European Charter for Small Enterprises.

SME Policy Index 2012 - Eastern Partner Countries

SME Policy Index 2012 - Western Balkans and Turkey

2009 SME Policy Index - Western Balkans

2007 SME Policy Index - Western Balkans


The Index was developed by the OECD Investment Compact for South East Europe in co-operation with the European Commission, the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development and the European Training Foundation. It is based on the broader Investment Reform Index in methodology and construction, and adapted to the European Charter for Small Enterprises and SME development. The Index assesses the following policy dimensions:

  • education and training for entrepreneurship
  • cheaper and faster start-up
  • better legislation and regulation
  • availability of skills
  • improving online access for tax filing and company registration
  • getting more out of the Single Market
  • taxation and financial matters
  • strengthening the technological capacity of small enterprises
  • successful e-business models and top class business support
  • developing stronger, more effective representation of small enterprises


  • the OECD Investment Compact for South East Europe and its partner organisations (the European Commission, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, European Training Foundation) first design the SME Policy Index self-evaluation toolkit
  • South East Europe countries and Kosovo* under UNSCR 1244/99 conduct self-evaluations structured in a national report following the policy dimensions
  • a team of independent consultants conducts independent counter-assessments
  • premiminary scorings are determined by the partner organisations
  • governments comment on preliminary scorings
  • final decisions on scores are made by the partner organisations
  • final results of the SME Policy Index are published in a comprehensive report


* This designation is without prejudice to positions on status, and is in line with UNSCR 1244 and the ICJ Opinion on the Kosovo declaration of independence.




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