Working Together for Local Integration of Migrants and Refugees in Barcelona
In Barcelona, the rate of foreign residents has quintupled since 2000, and in 2017,
23% of the population was foreign-born. From the late 1990s until today, the municipality
has followed an intercultural strategy to implement inclusive measures for local migrant
integration. These measures have been recently reinforced to welcome asylum seekers
who tripled between 2015 and 2017. For this group, the municipality set up targeted
housing and reception policies that complement the national reception system. Migrants
have access to municipal measures in key sectors such as housing, minimum living allowances
and labour market integration - by the employment service Barcelona Activa - on the
same basis as the other residents. Further, Barcelona has developed sensitization
initiatives to curb discrimination and improve service delivery in the most disadvantaged
neighbourhoods. The municipality has developed local coordination mechanisms with
migrant associations and non-governmental organisations that aim to share information,
avoid duplication and maximise the access to services such as language classes for
migrants. Yet, migrants are particularly affected by socio-economic inequalities particularly
following the economic crisis. This report sheds light on how the municipality and
non-state partners work together with the other levels of government for sustainable
migrant and refugee integration.
The integration of migrants is one of the most formidable tasks policy makers in OECD countries face. The sheer scale of migration necessitates a concerted effort to make integration a success. If integrated successfully, migrants can contribute to host countries in multiple ways, not least of all, economically. At the same time, integrating migrants and refugees can be challenging, especially because they constitute highly diverse groups, consisting of different genders, ages, cultural backgrounds with different motivations, skill sets, educational levels and experience.
This data visualisation tool allows you to compare regions on a number of issues relating to migrant integration, including reception numbers, length of stay, education level, skills and employment statistics.