The size of Africa’s urban population almost doubled in the last decade, growing from 237 million in 1995 to 472 million in 2015. We expect that it will almost double again by 2035. Already by 2020, Africa will have the second highest number of urban dwellers in the world after Asia.
Japan's commitment to territorial development will be crucial in tackling the urgent challenge of population ageing and shrinking – a challenge which is the main focus of this report.
Today we are living in the “Metropolitan Century”. By 2100, around 9 billion people will live in cities, compared to just 1 billion in 1950. While urbanisation continues almost everywhere, it is especially rapid in developing and emerging economies. Since 2000, China has been urbanising at the equivalent of almost one Australia per year – that is more than 22 million new urban dwellers per annum!
Me da mucho gusto estar con ustedes para presentar el Estudio Territorial de la OCDE sobre el Valle de México, otro fruto importante de la excelente cooperación entre México y la OCDE. Este informe debe entenderse como un complemento al Estudio de la Política Urbana de México que presentamos el pasado enero.
Tackling human development means tackling rural development – the two go hand in hand. We used to think the solution was rapid urbanisation and industrialisation. Now, we know that in well-performing economies, rural areas tend to be resilient, contributing to national wealth and social stability.
The challenge before us is clear. It is no longer possible for us to think about inequalites and growth separately. We need to promote more Inclusive Growth to ensure the recovery and lay the foundations for a shared and affluent future.
The OECD has worked closely with both the European Commission and the Committee of Regions for many years and continues to do so to promote effective regional development. In this respect, the OECD signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the Committee of the Regions, recognising prior and future work together.
Cette page donne un aperçu des travaux de l'OCDE sur la gouvernance pluri-niveaux et les finances publiques.
If governments at all levels work together to unleash the potential of cities and regions as engines of economic dynamism, they will greatly benefit national recovery and will create conditions for a better life, said OECD Secretary-General.
National policies can frame the context for recovery, but it is in the regions and cities where policies meet people, or as the saying goes, where the rubber meets the road, said OECD Secretary-General.