By Date


  • 15-March-2018

    English

    Facilitating the Reform of Economic Instruments for Water Management in Georgia

    This study assesses the use of economic instruments for water resources management in Georgia and considers options for reform following the 2014 signature of an Association Agreement with the EU committing to alignment with the EU’s Water Framework Directive. This includes the systematic use of economic instruments, including water pricing, to recover the cost of water services provided to households, industry and farmers, among other measures.Three main economic instruments are recommended in this study: 1) the introduction of a licensing regime and charges for both surface water and groundwater abstraction, 2) the restoration of a licencing and charging regime for all forms of water pollution, and 3) more rigorous enforcement of these measures, including more active monitoring and higher fines for offenders. Implementing these measures will be greatly facilitated by the enactment of the new Water Law now being examined by the government of Georgia.
  • 15-février-2018

    Français

    Perspectives régionales de l'OCDE 2016 - Des régions productives pour des sociétés inclusives

    C’est dans les régions et les villes que les effets des politiques visant à promouvoir la croissance économique et l'inclusion sociale se font sentir. Les Perspectives Régionales de l'OCDE 2016 examine l'écart de productivité croissant entre les régions au sein des pays, et ce que ces tendances impliquent en ce qui est du bien-être des personnes vivant dans des endroits différents. Cette publication analyse la manière dont les politiques structurelles, les investissements publics et les réformes de gouvernance multi-niveaux peuvent contribuer à un accroissement de la productivité et à aborder les problèmes d’inclusion. En s'appuyant sur un sondage auprès des pays de l'OCDE, cette publication met l'accent sur les pratiques nationales en matière de politique de développement régional, urbain et rural qui orientent l'investissement public. La deuxième partie consacrée aux zones rurales examine différents types de zones rurales et les tendances quant à leur performance en matière de productivité, et suggère que les pays avancent vers une «Politique rurale 3.0». Le Grand Débat : les régions et les villes au service des grandes initiatives mondiales comprend des chapitres élaborés par de nombreuses organisations internationales de premier plan sur les différentes façon à travers lesquelles les régions et les villes peuvent contribuer à atteindre les objectifs d'accords tels que l'Accord de Paris et les Objectifs de développement durable. Les profils de pays individuels donnent un aperçu des politiques de développement régional, urbain et rural, ainsi que des performances en termes de productivité et de bien-être entre les différentes régions.
  • 12-février-2018

    Français

    Lamia Kamal-Chaoui, Directrice

    Lamia Kamal-Chaoui est Directrice du Centre de l’OCDE pour l’entrepreneuriat, les PME, les régions et les villes depuis 2016.

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  • 9-February-2018

    English

    Inclusive Growth in Seoul, Korea

    This report, undertaken within the framework of the OECD Champion Mayors for Inclusive Growth initiative, assesses inclusive growth trends and challenges in the Seoul metropolitan area. The analysis goes beyond income to assess the barriers faced by specific groups - non-regular workers, youth, women, the elderly and migrants - across four dimensions: education, labour market, housing and the urban environment, and infrastructure and public services. The study then takes a closer look at two major policy efforts by the Seoul Metropolitan Government to advance inclusive growth. The study analyses the city’s efforts to ensure that strategies to address climate change also protect and benefit the most vulnerable populations, notably through the Promise of Seoul, which puts citizen welfare and social inclusion at the heart of the city’s efforts to tackle climate change. The study also assesses the efforts of city authorities to level the playing field for small firms and entrepreneurs through its Economic Democratisation Agenda.
  • 7-February-2018

    English

    OECD Urban Policy Reviews: Viet Nam

    This report provides a comprehensive assessment of Viet Nam’s urban policies and analyses how national spatial planning for urban areas, along with specific sectoral policies, directly and indirectly affect Viet Nam’s urban development. It points to a number of policy areas which Viet Nam can tap into, in order to fully capitalise on the unique opportunities that its urbanisation process may bring about, including urban transport, housing, land, the quality of urban environment, and urban green growth. The review also assesses the efficiency and effectiveness of current urban governance arrangements, and makes recommendations for Viet Nam to develop an attractive and well-managed system of large and medium-sized cities, thereby contributing to achieving its sustainable development objectives.
  • 6-February-2018

    English

    Mobilising Finance for Climate Action in Georgia

    This report discusses key issues surrounding finance mobilisation for achieving Georgia’s climate change and green growth targets, and new investment opportunities for developing its capital market. The report focuses particularly on finance for climate change mitigation from various sources – private and public, national and international – but remains relevant for other issues around the country’s green growth agenda, such as energy productivity, air pollution prevention, climate change adaptation, better waste management, conservation of natural resources, and the technologies and innovations that help tackle these issues.
  • 26-janvier-2018

    Français

    Mieux prévenir les inondations de la Seine en Île-de-France - Progrès réalisés et enjeux pour l'avenir

    Le risque d’inondation de la Seine en Île-de-France constitue un risque majeur. L’OCDE estimait en 2014 qu’une inondation comparable à la crue historique de 1910 pourrait affecter jusqu'au 5 millions de citoyens et causer de 3 à 30 milliards d’euros de dommages directs selon les scénarios. Cette publication suit les progrès réalisés depuis 2014 et identifie les défis restants.
  • 23-janvier-2018

    Français

    De nouvelles améliorations sont nécessaires pour gérer le risque d’inondation majeure à Paris et sur le bassin de la Seine

    Des initiatives importantes ont été engagées ces dernières années afin de prévenir le risque d’inondation majeure à Paris et dans la région Île-de-France – notamment après la crue de la Seine en mai et juin 2016 –, mais il faut mieux penser la planification urbaine et l’aménagement du territoire, renforcer davantage la gouvernance et rechercher des solutions de financement à long terme, d’après l’OCDE.

    Documents connexes
  • 22-December-2017

    English

    Gaps and Governance Standards of Public Infrastructure in Chile - Infrastructure Governance Review

    Chile’s planning and governance framework has supported the roll-out of high quality and efficient infrastructure that has been a key enabler of the country’s rapid development over the past two decades. However, changing circumstances such as climate change, decentralisation and a greater focus on social and territorial equity now require a change in how infrastructure needs are identified and addressed. This review examines Chile’s infrastructure stock and governance standards in light of the country’s 2030 growth agenda and OECD benchmarks, and sets out how such change can be achieved, with a special focus on transport and water infrastructure.
  • 22-December-2017

    English

    OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: Peru 2017

    The Environmental Performance Review programme of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) provides independent assessments of countries’ progress in achieving their domestic and international environmental policy commitments, together with policy-relevant recommendations. The reviews are conducted to promote peer learning, enhance governments’ accountability to each other and to the public, and to improve countries’ environmental performance, individually and collectively. The OECD has been conducting these reviews since 1992, supported by a broad range of economic and environmental data. Each cycle of the Environmental Performance Reviews covers all OECD member countries and selected partner countries. The most recent reviews include: Colombia (2014), Spain (2015), Brazil (2015) and Chile (2016). The Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) has promoted environmental reviews in Latin America and the Caribbean, in cooperation with the OECD, and has undertaken similar assessments in the states of Amazonas and Acre in Brazil.Part I. Progress toward sustainable development
    Chapter 1. Background and key environmental trends
    Chapter 2. Policy-making environment
    Chapter 3. Economy and the environment
    Chapter 4. Society and environment
    Chapter 5. International co-operation and commitmentsPart II. Environmental quality of life
    Chapter 6. Air quality management
    Chapter 7. Management of waste and chemicals
    Chapter 8. Water resources
    Chapter 9. BiodiversityPart III. Use of natural resources base
    Chapter 10. Farming and forestry
    Chapter 11. Fisheries
    Chapter 12. Mining sectorAnnex I: Selected Data
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