L’investissement dans les connaissances pour favoriser l'adoption de pratiques respectueuses de l'environnement est un facteur déterminant des processus d’innovation dans le secteur de l’agriculture mais l’impact et le coût des initiatives existantes ont été peu évalués malgré une modification radicale de l'orientation, de l’organisation et des modes d’intervention. Ce rapport étudie le rôle, les performances et l'impact des initiatives relatives aux services de conseil agricole, à la formation et à la vulgarisation prises dans les pays de l’OCDE pour favoriser la croissance verte dans l'agriculture. Le rapport s’appuie sur une série d’études de cas pour examiner de nombreuses questions de méthode et les avantages associés à différents types de prestataires, et il identifie les pratiques de gestion agricole durable les plus performantes.
The recent droughts in Brazil’s Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo states have exposed the need to shift from crisis management to effective risk governance of the country’s water resources, according to a new OECD report.
Agriculture is a provider of commodities such as food, feed, fibre and fuel, and it can bring both positive and negative impacts on the environment. Yet most policy measures target farm systems, inputs and practices and agricultural infrastructure (driving forces) rather than the provision of agri-environmental public goods (environmental outcomes).
This report analyses how a handful of OECD countries (Australia, Canada, Japan, United Kingdom and the United States) defines agri-environmental public goods and sets agri-environmental targets and reference levels, and the policies they implement for targeting certain agri-environmental public goods.
This publication is the first case study of the Urban Green Growth in Dynamic Asia project. The project explores how to promote green growth in fast-growing cities in Asia by examining policies and governance practices that encourage greening and competitiveness in a rapidly expanding economy. It is part of the OECD Green Growth Studies series, which will culminate in a synthesis report on Urban Green Growth in Dynamic Asia.
This report analyses the economic and environmental performance and green growth policy practices of Thailand’s Bangkok Metropolitan Region (BMR). As a dynamic and emerging market economy, Thailand has recorded strong growth over recent decades and is expected to continue to do so, but this growth has come at a high environmental cost. The challenge is therefore to improve environmental outcomes while supporting continued growth in output and living standards. Thailand's government and BMA have taken steps to encourage green growth in the BMR, but much untapped potential remains, particularly in the following areas: land use and transport, renewable energy and energy efficiency in buildings, and water resources and solid waste management. Resilience to floods is also an urgent cross-cutting issue that requires further attention.
Australia’s agriculture and food industries are well placed to contribute to the economy’s future growth given the robust prospects of global food demand and the continuing high international competitiveness of these sectors. There are, however, important challenges that call for new ways to exploit agricultural resources and human capital. The decade-long decline in agricultural productivity growth needs to be overcome, coupled with the need to accommodate uncertainties about the impacts of climate change and to respond to societal demands in the areas of sustainable development and animal welfare. The agro-food sector also needs to absorb exchange-rate and cost pressures created by the mining boom. To tap additional opportunities of the higher value food segments, Australian agri-businesses need new knowledge and capabilities to seize demand signals and value opportunities, particularly from more affluent consumers in Asian markets.
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Continued spatial segregation undermines labour-market performance and reinforces disparities in access to essential services and economic opportunity. As South Africa continues to urbanise, it needs policies that support a better location of affordable housing and improved transport provision.
This report delivers evidence-based and practical recommendations on how to better support employment and economic development in Israel. It builds on sub-national data analysis and consultations with local stakeholders in Haifa and Yizreel. It provides a comparative framework to understand the role of the local level in contributing to more and better quality jobs. The report can help national and local policy makers in Israel build effective and sustainable partnerships at the local level, which join-up efforts and achieve stronger outcomes across employment, training, and economic development policies. Co-ordinated policies can help workers find suitable jobs, while also stimulating entrepreneurship and productivity, which increases the quality of life and prosperity within a community as well as throughout the country.
La marque que porte une ville contribue fortement à son rayonnement dans la société mondialisée, surtout dans un contexte de concurrence planétaire. Une ville a en effet beaucoup en commun avec un produit commercial. Je représente une très forte marque internationale : Prague, capitale de la République tchèque, forte d'un million d'âmes.
"Comunidad y desarollo local" - Sexta Edición - es un curso intensivo de dos semanas construido para un grupo de estudio de America Latina para un trabajo de investigación e intercambio sobre el proceso de definición de una estrategia de desarollo local.
The School is organising specialised courses on socio-economic development and creating an international platform to exchange experiences and knowledge between public officers and practitioners from OECD member and non member countries that deals with cooperation and local development issues.