Overview of the joint FAO-OECD-UNCDF project "A Territorial Approach to Food Security and Nutrition Policies". The joint initiative aims to assess, scale up, and pilot innovative policy approaches and governance mechanisms to improve food security and nutrition in emerging and developing countries. The Publication will be launched on 29 April 2016 at OECD Headquarters in Paris, France.
Blog article on the complex and multi-dimensional challenges faced by city policy-makers in addressing urban issues at all levels of government.
Since the start of the economic reform process in the 70s China has been able to generate a large volume of investment, both from domestic and foreign sources. This high volume of investment was instrumental in sustaining strong economic growth and related improvements in living standards. However, this growth model is not longer sustainable. Returns on investment have fallen, excessive capacity is plaguing several sectors and the negative externalities have been very onerous, notably in terms of environmental degradation and rising income inequality. A key objective of the Chinese government is therefore to move the economy towards a more balanced, sustainable and inclusive growth path as envisaged by the 13th Five-Year Plan. In this adjustment process, the country is seeking new approaches for smarter, greener and more productive investment. This will require mutually reinforcing reforms to improve investment planning, rebalance the role of government and market forces, mainstream responsible business conduct and encourage greater private investment, especially in green infrastructure. China’s growing role as an outward investor may act as catalyser for the required reforms at home, as Chinese private and state-owned enterprises have to adopt internationally recognised practices and standards .
Depuis 1950, le nombre d'agglomérations urbaines en Afrique de l'Ouest est passé de 152 à près de 2 000. Elles abritent aujourd'hui 41 % de la population totale de la région. Les villes et leurs habitants façonnent de plus en plus le paysage économique, politique et social de l’Afrique de l’Ouest. Cependant, peu de données à jour harmonisées sont disponibles pour l’analyse et la formulation des politiques de développement aux niveaux local, national et régional.
Africapolis, base de données cohérente et homogène sur l'urbanisation, vise à combler ce manque. La mise à jour 2015 porte sur 17 pays ouest-africains sur la période 1950-2010. L’apport méthodologique original est de combiner sources démographiques et images satellitaires et aériennes pour fournir des estimations de population et une géolocalisation de chacune des agglomérations urbaines. L’approche morphologique adoptée permet une meilleure compréhension des processus de transformation territoriale au cœur des dynamiques complexes d’urbanisation en Afrique de l’Ouest. Ces processus peuvent être observés à plusieurs échelles : métropoles, villes secondaires, coalescence de villages et conurbations.
L'identification des villes de moins de 100 000 habitants est une contribution majeure d’Africapolis. Elle révèle que celles-ci représentent 90 % des villes ouest-africaines, soit une population totale de 45 millions de personnes – un chiffre qui souligne la place importante que les petites villes occupent dans le système urbain. Cette édition donne également de nouvelles estimations de l'urbanisation au Nigéria, pays le plus peuplé d'Afrique, constituant ainsi la base de données la plus complète sur les dynamiques d'urbanisation dans ce pays.
The tourism industry in OECD countries continues to grow strongly despite economic weakness in advanced economies, and outperformed tourism globally in 2014. However, active, innovative and integrated policies are needed to ensure that tourism remains a competitive and sustainable sector, says OECD.
Urban, demographic and climate trends are increasingly exposing cities to risks of having too little, too much and too polluted water. Facing these challenges requires robust public policies and sound governance frameworks to co-ordinate across multiple scales, authorities, and policy domains. Building on a survey of 48 cities in OECD countries and emerging economies, the report analyses key factors affecting urban water governance, discusses trends in allocating roles and responsibilities across levels of government, and assesses multi-level governance gaps in urban water management. It provides a framework for mitigating territorial and institutional fragmentation and raising the profile of water in the broader sustainable development agenda, focusing in particular on the contribution of metropolitan governance, rural-urban partnerships and stakeholder engagement.
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This study forms part of the series of OECD Reviews on Entrepreneurship, SMEs and Local Development. These reviews examine the opportunities and challenges for entrepreneurship and SME development and the role that policy can play in case study regions, cities or localities.
The webinars will enable serious discussion on the concept of ‘local economic resilience’ in an informal setting that facilitates interaction and questions. The format will feature presentations from policy experts and a roundtable discussion with the audience.
This report examines the Netherland’s new Metropolitan Region of Rotterdam-The Hague (MRDH), drawing on lessons from governance reforms in other OECD countries and identifying how the MRDH experience could benefit policy makers beyond Dutch borders. Long in search of ways to strengthen urban areas, the Dutch government has recently undertaken the development of a National Urban Agenda known as Agenda Stad, in parallel to a series of broad institutional reforms. This included abolishing the country’s traditional eight city-regions, which led Rotterdam, The Hague and 21 smaller neighbouring cities to form the Metropolitan Region of Rotterdam-The Hague (Metropoolregio Rotterdam Den Haag, or MRDH). This report analyses the emergence of the MRDH both as a geographical area that spans 23 municipalities in the southern Randstad region and as a new metropolitan authority with transport and economic development responsibilities. One of the challenges the MRDH faces is how to bring the economies of Rotterdam and The Hague closer together while generating growth and well-being.
The annual Economic Outlook for Southeast Asia, China and India examines Asia’s regional economic growth, development and regional integration process. It focuses on the economic conditions of Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) member countries: Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Viet Nam. It also addresses relevant economic issues in People’s Republic of China and India to fully reflect economic developments in the region. The 2016 edition of the Economic Outlook for Southeast Asia, China and India comprises three main parts, each highlighting a particular dimension of recent economic developments in the region. The first part presents the regional economic monitor, depicting the medium-term economic outlook and macroeconomic challenges in the region. The second part consists of three chapters on “enhancing regional ties”, which is the special thematic focus of this edition. The third part includes structural policy country notes.