By Date


  • 29-September-2017

    English

    Improving Domestic Financial Support Mechanisms in Moldova's Water and Sanitation Sector

    The water supply and sanitation (WSS) sector in Moldova is not financially sustainable: tariffs do not typically cover operational costs and capital investments are heavily funded by external development partners. This report analyses several options for streamlining and strengthening domestic financial support mechanisms (DFSMs) in terms of both supply and demand, discusses different scenarios and recommends a number of actions to ensure effective DFSM implementation, notably: 1) sufficient investment for the implementation of targets and obligations set in the national strategies, the Association Agreement with the EU, as well as Moldova’s international commitments (water-related Sustainable Development Goals, and the “Water-to-all” commitment); 2) the financial sustainability of operators; and 3) the affordability of WSS services for end-users, especially low-income segments of the population.

  • 13-July-2017

    English

    Supporting Entrepreneurship and Innovation in Higher Education in Ireland

    This report presents evidence-based analysis on Ireland’s higher education transformation process towards an innovative, interconnected and multidisciplinary entrepreneurial system, designed to empower its students and staff to demonstrate enterprise, innovation and creativity in teaching, research and societal engagement. Using the OECD-European Commission HEInnovate guidance for the entrepreneurial and innovative higher education institution, the report assesses strategies and practices for entrepreneurship and innovation in Ireland’s higher education institution and the systemic support provided by government.

    Higher education institutions play a critical role in Ireland’s economy and innovation system, which is based on a strong and growing engagement agenda with industry and local communities, the emergence of new learning environments and strong multidisciplinary research teams. This report offers practical recommendations on how Ireland can enhance and sustain the outcomes.

  • 30-juin-2017

    Français

    La gouvernance de l'occupation des sols en France - Etudes de cas pour Clermont-Ferrand et Nantes Saint-Nazaire

    Ce rapport étudie la façon dont les territoires français sont administrés. Il décrit les lois, les politiques et les pratiques qui façonnent l'aménagement spatial et fonctionnel du territoire dans l'ensemble du pays, et fournit une évaluation détaillée des accords spécifiques de gouvernance et des méthodes dans deux régions métropolitaines: Clermont-Ferrand, agglomération urbaine moyenne Centre-sud de la France; Et Nantes Saint-Nazaire, la 6ème plus grande agglomération urbaine du pays, située au nord-ouest. Ces exemples soulignent les tendances et les défis rencontrés dans chaque région, comme la nécessité de protéger les environnements fragiles contre la périurbanisation croissante, et les approches uniques adoptées pour gérer les problèmes d'utilisation des terres dans un grand nombre de communes. Le rapport propose des recommandations sur la manière de renforcer les capacités et l'efficacité du système d'aménagement spatial du territoire afin d'assurer l'utilisation efficace et durable des terres.

  • 21-June-2017

    English

    OECD Territorial Reviews: Morelos, Mexico

    Morelos is one of the smallest states in Mexico, and close to Mexico City. It contains a number of economic and environmental assets in its territory, but has weak productivity levels. This review looks at how Morelos is seeking to boost its economy, particularly through inclusive growth policies such as enhancing human capital and promoting innovation. It also highlights areas of untapped potential for economic growth across rural areas and the tourism and environmental sectors, and offers suggestions for how Morelos could address governance challenges.

    Also AvailableEgalement disponible(s)
  • 16-June-2017

    English

    Engaging Employers in Apprenticeship Opportunities - Making It Happen Locally

    This joint OECD-ILO publication provides guidance on how local and regional governments can foster business-education partnerships in apprenticeship programmes and other types of work-based learning, drawing on case studies across nine countries. There has been increasing interest in apprenticeships which combine on the job training with classroom-based study, providing a smooth transition from school to work. There are benefits to both individuals and employers from participating in apprenticeships, including increased productivity and job quality. Successful implementation is contingent on having a high level of employer engagement at the local level, notably in the design, development and delivery of programmes.

  • 16-juin-2017

    Français

    Pour une croissance plus forte et plus inclusive au Canada

    Avec derrière eux deux décennies de croissance soutenue du revenu disponible des ménages et, plus généralement, de leur niveau de vie, les Canadiens jouissent d’un bien-être enviable. Le PIB par habitant est plus élevé que la moyenne OCDE et le Canada se classe parmi les premiers pays membres de l’Organisation pour ce qui est des compétences des élèves. Ses habitants profitent d’un environnement plus préservé que la moyenne de l’OCDE et vivent par ailleurs en meilleure santé. Cela n’empêche pas que des disparités persistent – en effet toutes les catégories de population n’ont pas profité dans la même mesure de l’amélioration des conditions de vie par le passé. Le niveau des inégalités de revenu est proche de la moyenne OCDE et globalement stable depuis une quinzaine d’années, mais le système de prélèvements et prestations assure une redistribution moindre que ceux de la plupart des autres pays membres de l’Organisation. Parallèlement à cela, la croissance de la productivité marque le pas, réduisant d’autant la marge de progression du niveau de vie. Le défi transversal que constituent la persistance d’inégalités multidimensionnelles et la faible croissance de la productivité souligne la nécessité de revoir la fonction d’élaboration des politiques au Canada dans le but de favoriser une croissance plus vigoureuse et plus inclusive. À cet égard, on ne peut que se féliciter de la volonté affichée par le gouvernement de renforcer la classe moyenne et d’offrir à tous ceux qui travaillent dur la possibilité d’y accéder.

    Also AvailableEgalement disponible(s)
  • 15-June-2017

    English

    OECD Territorial Reviews: Kazakhstan

    Kazakhstan has experienced a long period of high and sustained economic growth, largely driven by oil and gas exports. However, the drop in 2014 of the international price of oil highlighted the risks of dependence on natural resource activities. Kazakhstan must diversify its economic base to ensure that it can continue to “catch up” and move into higher value-added goods and services. This review looks at how a modern approach to regional development can help Kazakhstan by mobilising the growth potential of different parts of the economy and territory, supporting economic diversification and reducing regional inequalities.

  • 8-June-2017

    English

    OECD Urban Policy Reviews: Kazakhstan

    Urbanisation is an important condition for economic development, but must be managed effectively if cities are to realise their potential as engines of national growth. This report provides a comprehensive assessment of Kazakhstan’s urban policies in terms of economic, social and environmental impact. It analyses how national spatial planning for urban regions, along with specific sectoral policies, affect urban development directly and indirectly. It also looks at specific issues such as housing, public utilities, urban transport, and migration. The review assesses the efficiency and effectiveness of current urban governance arrangements, and makes recommendations for steps Kazakhstan can take to develop an attractive and well-managed system of large and medium-sized cities that can help it achieve its development objectives.

  • 5-June-2017

    English

    Marine Protected Areas - Economics, Management and Effective Policy Mixes

    Intense exploitation of our oceans and seas is degrading marine biodiversity and ecosystems at an alarming rate. This report presents good practice insights for effectively managing marine protected areas (MPAs), one of the policy instruments available for the conservation and sustainable use of marine biodiversity and ecosystems. While global coverage of MPAs has been increasing over the past two decades, further efforts are required to meet the target under the Sustainable Development Goals and to ensure they are effective.

    Drawing on the literature and numerous examples from developed and developing countries, this book highlights how the environmental and cost effectiveness of MPAs can be enhanced. It covers issues including the benefits and costs of MPAs, the need for more strategic siting of MPAs, monitoring and compliance, sustainable finance for MPAs, and the need to embed these in a wider policy mix so as to address the multiple pressures on marine ecosystems.

  • 31-May-2017

    English

    Regional Business Demography

    Understanding the processes and dynamics underlying the birth, life and death of businesses can provide an important perspective on the mechanisms generating new jobs and ensuring better economic development in all places. The OECD regional statistics and indicators unit has developed a database collecting a comparable set of business demography indicators across the regions of OECD countries.

  • 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 | 41 | 42 | 43 | 44 | 45 | 46 | 47 | 48 | 49 | 50 | 51 | 52 | 53 | 54 | 55 > >>