The northern sparsely populated areas (NSPA) of Finland, Norway and Sweden are becoming increasingly important to the geopolitical and economic interests of these countries and the European Union. These regions have unique geographical characteristics - low population density and a harsh climate - and face specific challenges due to an ageing population, long distances from markets, and high-cost land transport. However, high productivity growth is possible in low-density regions. This report sets out policy recommendations at cross-border, national and regional scales to enhance prosperity and well-being across the NSPA. This includes closer co-operation with national governments to address shared challenges and opportunities such as improving east-west transport connections and reducing occupational and skills barriers to labour mobility, and addressing barriers to business growth such as access to finance.
The answer to the question "how's life?" depends on where you live. The factors that determine well-being can vary dramatically across the same country so national averages may not provide the full picture. See our regional indicators to see exactly how life is being lived.
Country notes outlining regional variations in health, jobs, safety, environment, access to services, civic engagement, housing, education, income, and employment. These notes are from the OECD publication "How's Life in Your Region?".
Getting regions and cities 'right', adapting policies to the specificities of where people live and work, is vital to improving citizens’ well-being. View the country factsheets from the publication OECD Regional Outlook 2014.
Individual country notes assessing how regions and cities contribute to national growth and the well-being of society.
This report examines the relationship between SMEs' management of intellectual assets, innovation and competitiveness.
The NORA region is a transnational area comprising the Faroe Islands, Greenland, Iceland and coastal Norway. This review recommends strengthening co-operation across the region to improve accessibility, diversify the economic base, and ensure sustainable development of fisheries.
De nouvelles formes de gouvernance sont en train de voir le jour. Les pouvoirs publics, les entreprises et la société civile conjuguent leurs efforts pour élaborer et appliquer des stratégies de développement économique et résoudre les problèmes socio-économiques......
Le « modèle social nordique » qui s’efforce de proposer à tous les mêmes conditions de vie et l’accès à des services publics de qualité dans l’ensemble du pays est-il viable économiquement? Est-il possible d’articuler politique urbaine et régionale pour mieux tirer profit des facteurs de croissance dans différentes parties du pays? L'Examen territorial de la Norvège examine ces questions.
Despite concern about the negative impacts of globalisation on the economies of OECD regions, "Globalisation and Regional Economies" presents evidence that region-specific advantages remain a significant source of productivity gain for firms.