L'examen des politiques rurales de Québec, Canada, se penche sur les thèmes de l’éloignement, la dépendance des collectivités à l’égard des ressources naturelles et le développement des capacités dans les zones rurales.
OECD's Territorial Review of Toronto, Canada. It finds that the Toronto region is one of the chief economic powerhouses of Canada, generating almost one-fifth of national GDP and 45% of Ontario’s GDP. The region is home to 40% of Canada’s business headquarters and is a main manufacturing hub, with major automotive, biomedical and electronics companies. Toronto is also one of the most diverse metropolitan regions in the world: half of its population is foreign born and it hosted 40% of all immigrants to Canada during 2001-2006.
Nevertheless, the region’s current economic development model is under pressure and its economic performance has been mixed in recent years. From 1995 to 2005, GDP per capita and GDP growth rates were below the Canadian average while its annual economic and labour productivity growth were lower than the average for OECD metropolitan regions. During this period, population growth boosted demand in the construction, sales and retail, professional and financial services sectors. However, the recent decline in the area’s manufacturing jobs has illustrated the structural difficulties of some traditionally strong areas, such as the automotive and electronics industries.
This Review proposes a new sustainable competitiveness agenda to enhance productivity, focusing on innovation, cultural diversity and infrastructure, as well as on green policies. To implement such an agenda, the Review proposes improving the current governance framework by intensifying strategic planning at the level of the Toronto region.
OECD research shows that to be successful in today’s knowledge economy, communities need to invest not only in the supply of skills but also in the demand for skills.The new OECD LEED project on “Skills for Competitiveness” will examine the advantages of such demand-side policy interventions.
After two years of bad news and trillions of dollars of losses, the global economy is now stabilising. The challenge is to move from a policy-based recovery to self-sustained growth. How can cities, the main economic engines of this world, contribute to build stronger, cleaner and fairer economies?
The review proposes a new sustainable competitiveness agenda to enhance productivity in Toronto. This agenda could focus on innovation, cultural diversity and infrastructure; and apply a green lens to policies.
Twice before, Country Fact Sheets have been published by the OECD LEED Forum on Partnerships and Local Governance providing valuable up-to-date information about area-based partnerships. “forumpartnerships2009” – Country Fact Sheets provides an update on what has changed.
This book identifies how international events work as a trigger for local development and what hosting cities and nations can do to ensure that positive local development is realised.
Despite concern about the negative impacts of globalisation on the economies of OECD regions, "Globalisation and Regional Economies" presents evidence that region-specific advantages remain a significant source of productivity gain for firms.
Le Programme LEED de l'OCDE a mené une étude sur les "Pôles de compétitivité et entrepreneuriat" en collaboration avec la Direction du Commerce, de l'Artisanat, des Services et des Professions libérales (DCASPL) du Ministère des PME de la France.
"Competitive Regional Clusters: National Policy Approaches" analyses the objectives, targeting, instruments and inter-governmental role sharing used by 26 programmes in 14 OECD countries.