This report examines the current system of water abstraction and pollution charges in operation in Brazil. It assesses the current system’s implementation challenges and provides possible solutions. The report explores how water charges can be both an effective means for dealing with water security issues, and a tool for enhancing economic growth and social welfare. Specific analysis is put forward for three case studies in the State of Rio de Janiero, the Paraiba do Sul River Basin and the Piancó-Piranhas-Açu River Basin. The report highlights that water charges need to operate in conjunction with an effective water regulatory regime and concludes with an Action Plan based on practical steps and recommendations for its implementation in the short, medium and long-term.
The School is organising specialised courses on socio-economic development and creating an international platform to exchange experiences and knowledge between public officers and practitioners from OECD member and non member countries that deals with cooperation and local development issues. The Eighth edition took place from 17th to 28th July, 2017 (Trento, Italy).
Spanish, PDF, 419kb
La Plataforma de Centros Urbanos (UCP) es una iniciativa de UNICEF Brasil implementada en São Paulo y en otras siete grandes ciudades. La Plataforma tiene como objetivo principal contribuir a la reducción de las desigualdades que afectan la vida de niños(as) y adolescentes. Caso de estudio de la Summer School “Comunidad y desarrollo local en América Latina”, organizada por el Centro OCDE LEED para el Desarrollo Local (Italia).
Water is abundant in Brazil, but unevenly distributed across regions and users. Remarkable progress to reform the sector has been achieved since the 1997 National Water Law, but economic, climate and urbanisation trends generate threats that may jeopardize national growth and development. The consequences are particularly acute in regions where tensions across water users already exist or are likely to grow. The report is the result of a policy dialogue with more than 100 stakeholders at different levels in Brazil. It assesses the performance of Brazil’s water governance and suggests policy recommendations for strengthening the co-ordination between federal and state water policies and for setting up more robust water allocation regimes that can better cope with future risks. The report concludes with an action plan, which suggests concrete milestones and champion institutions to implement those recommendations.
The recent droughts in Brazil’s Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo states have exposed the need to shift from crisis management to effective risk governance of the country’s water resources, according to a new OECD report.
Agriculture and the agro-processing sector in Brazil have shown impressive growth over the past two decades. This has largely been driven by productivity improvements and structural adjustment resulting from broad economic reforms, as well as new technologies developed by agricultural science. Government policy and industry initiatives are increasingly focused on the sustainability of agricultural development.
« Qu’est-ce que la cité, sinon le peuple ? » s’exclame Shakespeare dans Coriolan. En effet, la population et la qualité de vie sont toujours au cœur de la planification urbaine. Au Brésil, les grandes agglomérations ont pris forme dans les années 1950, lorsque le pays comptait environ 52 millions d’habitants, dont 36,2 % seulement dans les villes.
Start-ups are gaining momentum in Latin America's innovation strategies. Start-up Latin America: Promoting Innovation in the Region analyses the role of policies in promoting the creation and expansion of start-ups. It provides a comparative snapshot of recent initiatives in six countries in the region to identify good practices and foster knowledge sharing to improve innovation policy design and implementation.
Depuis quelques années, la croissance de l’économie brésilienne profite d’importants programmes publics d’investissement et à vocation sociale qui mobilisent des ressources à l’échelle du pays. Ces programmes pourraient aider le Brésil à atteindre ses objectifs de pérennisation de la croissance économique et de promotion du développement social, en même temps que son objectif de réduction des disparités régionales.
The OECD review of Brazil explores regional trends and development in Brazil. It looks at how regional policies can promote growth and foster social inclusion, and the role of multi-level governance in implementing effective regional development policies.