Reports


  • 9-January-2018

    English

    OECD Competition Assessment Reviews: Mexico

    Many of Mexico’s product markets remain among the most heavily regulated in the OECD. These structural flaws adversely affect the ability of firms to effectively compete in the markets and hamper innovation, efficiency and productivity. Against this backdrop, this report analyses Mexican legislation in the medicine (production, wholesale, retail) and meat sector (animal feed, growing of animals, slaughterhouses, wholesale and retail) along the vertical supply chain. Using the OECD Competition Assessment Toolkit to structure the analysis, the report reviews 228 pieces of legislation and identifies 107 legal provisions which could be removed or amended to lift regulatory barriers to competition. The analysis of the legislation and of the Mexican sectors has been complemented by research into international experience and consultation with stakeholders from the public and private sectors. The OECD has developed recommendations to remove or modify the provisions in order to be less restrictive for suppliers and consumers, while still achieving Mexican policy makers’ initial objectives. This report identifies the potential benefits of the recommendations and, where possible, provides quantitative estimates.

  • 12-décembre-2017

    Français

    Créer une culture d'indépendance - Lignes directrices pour contrer l'influence indue

    Les régulateurs sont les "arbitres" des marchés qui fournissent des services essentiels aux citoyens; leur rôle est de garantir que tous les acteurs de ces marchés respectent les règles et travaillent pour obtenir les meilleurs résultats possibles. Pour cela, le comportement des agences réglementaires doit être objectif, impartial, cohérent et exempt de conflits d'intérêts – autrement dit, indépendant. En même temps, les régulateurs doivent collaborer avec un certain nombre d'intervenants, qui peuvent aussi chercher à infliger des pressions et à exercer des influences indues sur les résultats réglementaires. L'indépendance des régulateurs est donc constamment mise à épreuve. Ce rapport fournit des conseils pratiques sur comment aborder ces points de tension et protéger les régulateurs économiques contre l'influence indue, en s'appuyant sur l'expérience des régulateurs qui participent au Réseau des régulateurs économiques de l'OCDE (Network of Economic Regulators, NER). Il présente une check-list pratique qui vise à accompagner les changements comportementaux et organisationnels. Ce guide aide également les parties prenantes à mieux comprendre et apprécier le rôle des régulateurs et savoir comment interagir avec eux.

  • 12-December-2017

    English

    Towards a Stronger and More Inclusive Mexico - An Assessment of Recent Policy Reforms

    Under President Enrique Peña Nieto’s leadership, Mexico has put together the most ambitious reform package of any OECD country in recent times, forged the political consensus necessary to approve it through the unprecedented Pacto por México, promoted these and other reforms in Congress and has started implementing them. The battery of reforms has addressed challenges in policy areas that had been waiting for deep changes for decades, including education, labour, tax, health, telecommunication, and energy and justice, among many others. Mexico still faces important challenges which is why it is crucial for Mexico to continue its reform agenda. It is imperative to strengthen some of the recent reforms, and to keep updating and promoting them to ensure their effective implementation. The OECD stands ready to further accompany Mexico on this path.

  • 5-December-2017

    English

    Regulatory Reform: Events and Publications

    Access and search the calendar of events and publications on regulatory policy.

    Related Documents
  • 4-December-2017

    English

    Boosting Disaster Prevention through Innovative Risk Governance - Insights from Austria, France and Switzerland

    In 2014 the OECD carried out work to take stock of OECD countries' achievements in building resilience to major natural and man-made disasters. The report suggested that albeit significant achievements were made through effective risk prevention and mitigation management, past disasters have revealed persistent vulnerabilities and gaps in risk prevention management across OECD. Based on the findings of this OECD-wide report a cross-country comparative study was undertaken in Austria, France and Switzerland to test the recommendations put forward in specific country contexts. This report summarises the individual and comparative country case study findings. It highglights that the risk prevention policy mix has shifted in favor of organisational measures such as hazard informed land use planning or strengthening the enforcement of risk sensitive regulations. In the meantime, the great need for maintaining the large stock of structural protection measures has been overlooked and vulnerability might increase because of that. The report highlights the need for better policy evaluation to increase the effectiveness of risk prevention measures in the future. The report highlights practices where countries succeeded to make risk prevention a responsibility of the whole of government and the whole of society, by analysing supporting governance and financing arrangements.

  • 28-November-2017

    English

    The 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda - Towards a Successful Implementation by Poland

    The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, adopted by world leaders at the United Nations on 25 September 2015, sets out an ambitious action plan to improve the lives of people everywhere. On 14 February 2017, the Polish government adopted its Strategy for Responsible Development, which sets out over 700 actions to increase the income of Polish citizens and strengthen social, economic, environmental and territorial cohesion within the country. With its Strategy for Responsible Development, Poland has taken an important first step towards tackling all these issues. But achieving the SDGs will be a long journey with many hurdles, during which Poland will regularly have to adapt its strategies, actions plans and policy measures and refresh the commitment of all stakeholders. Exchanging experiences with other countries throughout the process on what works and what doesn’t can help the country successfully navigate this journey.

  • 17-November-2017

    English

    Colombia Impact Update: What Happened Next?

    This report is an update of the 2015 report on Protecting Consumers through Behavioural Insights: Regulating the Communications Market in Colombia

    Related Documents
  • 24-octobre-2017

    Français

    Le financement de la démocratie - Financement des partis politiques et des campagnes électorales et risque de capture de l'action publique

    Le récent débat sur le rôle de l’argent en politique a mis en lumière les défis liés à la règlementation du financement politique. Quels sont les risques associés au financement des partis politiques et des campagnes électorales ? Pourquoi les modèles de réglementation actuels restent-ils insuffisants pour combattre ces risques ? Quels liens y a-t-il entre l’argent en politique et les cadres généraux d’intégrité dans le secteur public ? Ce rapport traite de ces trois questions et définit un Cadre de financement de la démocratie ayant pour objet de structurer le débat international, de proposer des solutions aux responsables publics et de dresser une cartographie des risques. Il contient également des études de cas consacrées au Canada, au Chili, à la Corée, à l’Estonie, à la France, au Mexique, au Royaume-Uni, ainsi qu’au Brésil et à l’Inde. Y sont analysés en détail les mécanismes de financement politique de ces pays et les défis qu'ils rencontrent dans différents cadres institutionnels.

  • 12-October-2017

    English

    Driving Performance at Mexico's Energy Regulatory Commission

    This report applies the PAFER to Mexico’s Energy Regulatory Commission and assesses its functions, practices and behaviour. It focuses on internal governance, including structures and processes for decision making, managing financial resources, attracting and retaining talent, managing data and assessing performance. The review identifies a number of challenges and opportunities for improvement, and is a companion to reviews of the internal governance of two other Mexican energy regulators, the Agency for Safety, Energy and Environment and the National Hydrocarbons Commission, and the review of the external governance of the country’s energy sector, Driving Peformance of Mexico’s Energy Regulators.
    www.oecd.org/gov/regulatory-policy/ner.htm

  • 12-October-2017

    English

    Driving Performance at Mexico's National Hydrocarbons Commission

    This report applies the PAFER to Mexico’s National Hydrocarbons Commission and assesses its functions, practices and behaviour. It focuses on internal governance, including structures and processes for decision making, managing financial resources, attracting and retaining talent, managing data and assessing performance. The review identifies a number of challenges and opportunities for improvement, and is a companion to reviews of the internal governance of two other Mexican energy regulators, the Agency for Safety, Energy and Environment and the Energy Regulatory Commission, and the review of the external governance of the country’s energy sector, Driving Peformance of Mexico’s Energy Regulators.

    www.oecd.org/gov/regulatory-policy/ner.htm
     

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