Reforms that boost growth by enhancing economic flexibility often meet strong opposition related to concerns that they may imply adverse consequences for categories of workers. This study investigates how making product or labour market regulation more flexible changes workers’ risks of moving out of employment and jobless people’s chances of becoming employed.
Les réformes visant à accroître la flexibilité des marchés sont-elles porteuses d’instabilité en matière d’emploi ? À l’aide de données individuelles tirées d’enquêtes harmonisées menées auprès des ménages dans 26 pays avancés, cet article analyse les effets que peuvent avoir les réformes du marché du travail et du marché des produits sur les transitions professionnelles.
Selon les prévisions présentées dans cette édition des Perspectives économiques, certaines initiatives budgétaires pourraient servir de catalyseur à l’activité du secteur privé et accélérer modestement le rythme de croissance de l’économie mondiale, le portant aux alentours de 3 ½ pour cent d’ici 2018.
A major challenge facing the Republic of Buryatia, subject of the Russian Federation, is how to balance the task of protecting Lake Baikal – a unique water object and ecological system included in the UNESCO list of World Natural Heritage Areas – with the need for dynamic and sustainable socio-economic development of the republic. This requires streamlining and improving water policy jointly with economic, administrative, information and other policy instruments. The recommendations in this report aim to help achieve this objective. They include the introduction of abstraction charges for irrigation water as a natural resource; enhancement of state support to the water sector; and improvement of economic instruments for managing risks of water-related hazards (such as compulsory insurance and differentiated land tax rates in flood prone areas). A few innovative instruments are also recommended for pilot testing such as establishing limits for discharges of certain hazardous substances in a pilot area (e.g. Selenga river basin) and progressive development of market for tradable quotas for discharges of the “capped” pollutants; and introducing a charge (tax) on toxic agricultural chemicals (pesticides, herbicides, etc.) and synthetic detergents so that to create incentives for the reduction of diffuse water pollution.
The Municipality of Torreon has reached 49% progress in implementing the 267 recommendations delivered by OECD to improve its regulatory framework.
It is a pleasure to be here with you today to present the fruits of close co-operation between 50 international organisations. The continuous enthusiasm and joint efforts that have gone into the three years that led to the preparation of this report show we all continuously strive for excellence, reflecting together on how to be ever more relevant, effective and transparent.
Borders are becoming increasingly porous, with growing flows of goods, services, people and capital. Governments, more than ever, need to co-ordinate their efforts to develop global standards to address climate change, as well as crises related to finance, health, environment and migration; secure peace; and ensure sustainable economic prosperity and social inclusion. International organisations play a key role in fostering multilateral action and addressing the fragmentation that may undermine effective domestic action. To shed greater light on international standard setting, this unique report collects, compares and assesses the practices of 50 international organisations on their governance arrangements, operational modalities, use of quality management disciplines and co-operation efforts. It analyses different types of organisations – inter-governmental, supra-national, trans-governmental and private – and identifies avenues for making their action more effective, inclusive and relevant.
OECD will measure the impact of digitalising the Mexican Social Security Institute formalities and guide future efforts on simplification
An analysis of how administrative simplification is used as a regulatory quality tool to review and reduce administrative and regulatory procedures.
La croissance économique des États-Unis peut être stimulée et rendue plus inclusive au moyen de mesures qui favorisent l’acquisition de nouvelles compétences et réduisent l’inadéquation entre les compétences existantes offertes et celles demandées.