Cet article présente un resumé des résultats qui emergent d’une analyse de vingt études de cas de réforme structurelle dans 10 pays-membres de l’OCDE.
English, , 45kb
This is the executive summary of the report Risk and Regulatory Policy: Improving the Governance of Risk, published early April 2010.
This publication presents lessons learned from the design and implementation of regulatory reform programmes in response to a set of crisis episodes of the 1990s and compares them with policy responses to the 2008-09 crisis.
La deuxième séance du Comité de la politique de la réglementation (RPC) s’est tenue les 14-15 avril 2010. La réunion a mis en avant l’importance des travaux horizontaux du RPC au sein de l’OCDE et la contribution du programme de travail pour atteindre des objectifs stratégiques.
English, , 1,152kb
The following case study describes successful practices of regulatory management and competitiveness enhancement in the state of Piemonte, Italy.
English, , 467kb
The following case study describes successful practices of regulatory management and competitiveness enhancement in the state of Catalonia, Spain.
English, , 498kb
The following case study describes successful practices of regulatory management and competitiveness enhancement in the state of British Columbia, Canada.
We expect governments to protect citizens from the adverse consequences of hazardous events. At the same time it is not possible or necessarily in the best interest of citizens for all risks to be removed. A risk-based approach to the design and implementation of regulation can help to ensure that regulatory approaches are efficient, effective and account for risk/risk tradeoffs across policy objectives. Risk-based approaches to the design of regulation and compliance strategies can improve the welfare of citizens by providing better protection, more efficient government services and reduced costs for business. Across the OECD there is great potential to improve the operation of risk policy as few governments have taken steps to develop a coherent risk governance policy for managing regulation.
This publication presents recent OECD research and analysis on risk and regulatory policy. The chapters discuss core challenges today. They offer measures for developing, or improving, coherent risk governance policies. Topics include: challenges in designing regulatory policy frameworks to manage risks; different cultural and legal dimensions of risk regulatory concepts across OECD; analytical models and principles for decision making in uncertain situations; key elements of risk regulation and governance institutions; the use of management-based regulation to help firms make risk-related behavioural changes; an analysis of the risk-based frameworks of regulators in five OECD countries (Australia, Ireland, Netherlands, Portugal, United Kingdom) and across four sectors: environment, food safety, financial markets and health and safety; and the elements for designing formal guidelines for risk prioritisation, assessment, management and communication.
This working paper is part of the OECD-Mexico initiative “Strengthening of Economic Competition and Regulatory Improvement for Competitiveness”. It summarises the findings of several case studies on best practices to promote regulatory reform and entrepreneurship at the sub-national level.
Metals and minerals such as copper, titanium and rare earths are used to produce high-tech and energy-efficient goods such as hybrid vehicles, computers and aircraft. This paper looks at the impacts of export restrictions often put on these raw materials.