Regulation is one of the key levers of government intervention. When properly designed, it can help achieve environmental and social objectives, and contribute to economic growth. The OECD Review of Regulatory Policy of Peru assesses the policies, institutions, and tools employed by the Peruvian government to design, implement and enforce high-quality regulations. These include administrative simplification, evaluation of regulations, public consultation, and the governance of independent regulators, amongst others. The review provides policy recommendations based on best international practices and peer assessment to strengthen the government’s capacity to manage regulatory policy.
OECD work on applying behavioural insights in public policy.
Pour stimuler la reprise, les réformes structurelles qui sont à l’origine de progrès à court et long terme devraient avoir la priorité.
Le présent document analyse les effets à court et moyen terme des réformes pratiquées sur les marchés de produits de dix secteurs réglementés dans dix-huit économies avancées sur la période de 1998 à 2013, à partir de données d'entreprises comparables au niveau international issues de la base Orbis.
OECD work on the independence of regulators and how to protect them from undue influence. Information includes new data from a survey of 48 regulators across the world.
This programme gathers available evidence on the gains that can be achieved through greater co-ordination of rules and their application across jurisdictions.
Find out about OECD countries’ regulatory policy and governance practices in the areas of stakeholder engagement, Regulatory Impact Assessment (RIA) and ex post evaluation.
Regulators operate in a complex environment at the interface among public authorities, the private sector and end-users. As “referees” of the markets that provide water, energy, transport, communications, and financial services to citizens, they must balance competing wants and needs from different actors. This means that they must behave and act objectively, impartially, and consistently, without conflict of interest, bias or undue influence - in other words, independently. What distinguishes an independent regulator is not simply institutional design. Independence is also about finding the right balance between the appropriate and undue influence that can be exercised through the regulators’ daily interactions with ministries, regulated industries and end-users. This report identifies the critical points where undue influence can be exercised at different moments in the life of a regulator and discusses some of the avenues for developing a culture of independence, including through interactions with stakeholders, staffing and financing.
The Deepwater Horizon oil spill in 2010, and the 2008 financial meltdown—whose aftershocks are still reverberating globally—have at least one trait in common: they reflected breakdowns in the regulatory process. This is not to say that the principal industry actors in both catastrophes were mere bystanders, but with better regulatory oversight, the disasters could have been prevented.
The OECD organises annual expert workshops on topics related to measuring regulatory performance. Past meetings have focussed on best practice in implementing the 2012 OECD Recommendation, on measuring compliance costs, on developing a measurement framework for regulatory performance, on the use of perception surveys and on indicators of Regulatory Management Systems.