Published on May 20, 2019
|English||Measuring Distance to the SDG Targets 2019 (Summary in English)|
|French||Mesurer la distance à parcourir pour atteindre les cibles des ODD 2019|
|Spanish||Medir la distancia hasta las metas de los ODS 2019|
|How far are OECD countries from achieving the SDG targets?|
|The methodology behind measuring distance to the SDG targets|
Measuring distance to the SDG targets at the country level35 chapters available
Data coverage is uneven across SDG goals
The report covers 132 of the 244 indicators on the UN Global SDG Indicator List for OECD countries. Data coverage is uneven across the 17 goals. While over 90% of the targets are covered by at least one indicator for SDG3 Health, SDG9 Infrastructure and SDG4 Education, only 30% of targets are covered for SDG14 Oceans and SDG12 Sustainable Production. Limited data coverage means that results could change dramatically when these data gaps are filled.
Share of the 2030 Agenda’s targets covered in this Study by at least one indicator, by goal
Percentage, all OECD countries
Progressing towards or moving away from SDG targets
As well as assessing the distances from the 2030 targets, this report also looks at the direction of change over time. OECD countries have been making progress on some targets, such as smoking rates, share of renewable energy, energy intensity, and material productivity (targets 3.a, 7.2, 7.3 and 12.2). However, over one-third of OECD countries have been moving away from targets in other areas, such as vaccination coverage, GDP and GDP productivity growth rates and unemployment (targets 3.b, 8.1, 8.2 and 8.5).
Average number of OECD countries by types of trends, by goals
Relative poverty remains a challenge
Although extreme poverty (target 1.1) is rare in OECD countries, relative poverty (target 1.2) remains a challenge. With 14% of the population in OECD countries still below the poverty line (defined as 50% of median income), and poverty rates rising over the past 30 years, OECD countries will have to make considerable efforts to reach the challenging goal of halving relative poverty rates by 2030.