Publications


  • 1-July-2015

    English

    Technology Roadmap Wind Energy

    Current trends in energy supply and use are unsustainable – economically, environmentally and socially. Without decisive action, energy-related greenhouse-gas (GHG) emissions would lead to considerable climate degradation with an average 6°C global warming. We can and must change the path we are now on; sustainable and low-carbon energy technologies will play a crucial role in the energy revolution required to make this change happen. Energy Efficiency, many types of renewable energy, carbon capture and storage (CCS), nuclear power and new transport technologies will all require widespread deployment if we are to achieve a global energy-related CO2 target in 2050 of 50% below current levels and limit global temperature rise by 2050 to 2°C above pre-industrial levels.

    Wind is the most advanced of the "new" renewable energy technologies and was the subject of one of the first roadmaps produced by the IEA, in 2009. Since then, the development and deployment of wind power has been a rare good news story in the deployment of low-carbon technology deployment.

  • 1-July-2015

    English

    Solar Photovoltaic Energy

    Current trends in energy supply and use are unsustainable – economically, environmentally and socially. Without decisive action, energy-related greenhouse-gas (GHG) emissions would lead to considerable climate degradation with an average 6°C global warming. We can and must change the path we are now on; sustainable and low-carbon energy technologies will play a crucial role in the energy revolution required to make this change happen. Energy Efficiency, many types of renewable energy, carbon capture and storage (CCS), nuclear power and new transport technologies will all require widespread deployment if we are to achieve a global energy-related CO2 target in 2050 of 50% below current levels and limit global temperature rise by 2050 to 2°C above pre-industrial levels.

  • 1-July-2015

    English

    Technology Roadmap Solar Thermal Electricity

    Current trends in energy supply and use are unsustainable – economically, environmentally and socially. Without decisive action, energy-related greenhouse-gas (GHG) emissions would lead to considerable climate degradation with an average 6°C global warming. We can and must change the path we are now on; sustainable and low-carbon energy technologies will play a crucial role in the energy revolution required to make this change happen. Energy Efficiency, many types of renewable energy, carbon capture and storage (CCS), nuclear power and new transport technologies will all require widespread deployment if we are to achieve a global energy-related CO2 target in 2050 of 50% below current levels and limit global temperature rise by 2050 to 2°C above pre-industrial levels.

     

  • 30-juin-2015

    Français

    Résultats du PISA 2012 : Trouver des solutions créatives (Volume V) - Compétences des élèves en résolution de problèmes de la vie réelle

    Le Programme international de l’OCDE pour le suivi des acquis des élèves (PISA) analyse non seulement les savoirs des élèves en mathématiques, en compréhension de l’écrit et en sciences, mais également leur savoir-faire. Vous avez entre les mains l’un des six volumes qui présentent les résultats de l’enquête PISA 2012, la cinquième édition de cette évaluation triennale.

  • 30-juin-2015

    Français

    Édifier une culture fiscale, du civisme et de citoyenneté - Un document de référence global de l'éducation des contribuables

    Maintenant plus que jamais, les États multiplient leurs efforts afin de percevoir davantage de recettes fiscales intérieures. Pour ce faire, ils se tournent de plus en plus vers les contribuables – ceux d’aujourd’hui et ceux de demain – afin de les informer et de les mobiliser. Leur objectif est de favoriser l’émergence d’une culture du civisme fondée sur les droits et les responsabilités, culture en vertu de laquelle chaque citoyen considèrerait que le paiement des impôts est une composante à part entière de la relation qu’il entretient avec la puissance publique. De ce point de vue, l’éducation des contribuables est une passerelle entre l’administration fiscale et les citoyens et un outil de transformation de la culture fiscale. Cette publication présente des stratégies novatrices dans 28 pays afin de fournir des idées et de l'inspiration pour l'éducation des contribuables, l’éducation fiscale et la sensibilisation. Elle aide les autorités fiscales des pays en développement à renforcer le moral fiscal et le civisme fiscal de leurs citoyens.

     

  • 29-June-2015

    English

    A Skills beyond School Review of Costa Rica

    Higher level vocational education and training (VET) programmes are facing rapid change and intensifying challenges. What type of training is needed to meet the needs of changing economies? How should the programmes be funded? How should they be linked to academic and university programmes? How can employers and unions be engaged? The country reports in this series look at these and other questions. They form part of Skills beyond School, the OECD policy review of postsecondary vocational education and training. This report reviews vocational education and training systems in Costa Rica.

  • 25-June-2015

    English

    Taxing Energy Use 2015 - OECD and Selected Partner Economies

    Energy is a critical input into the production and consumption patterns that support economic and social wellbeing. However, many forms of energy use contribute to the environmental and climate challenges societies face today. Taxation is a key tool by which governments can influence energy use to contain its environmental impacts. This report provides a systematic analysis of the structure and level of energy taxes in OECD and selected other countries; together, they cover 80% of global energy use.

    This report builds on the 2013 edition of Taxing Energy Use, expanding the geographic coverage of the 2013 data set to include Argentina, Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Russia and South Africa. The report describes energy use, taxation and pricing in these countries and presents detailed graphical profiles of the structure of energy use and taxation for each.

    The analysis reveals large differences in the taxation of energy across countries, although common patterns emerge. Transport taxes are considerably higher than in other sectors, where fuels that cause considerable harm for the environment and human health are often taxed at very low – or zero – rates. With few exceptions, countries' energy taxes do not harness the full power of taxes to reduce pollution and combat climate change.

  • 24-June-2015

    English

    OECD Business and Finance Outlook 2015

    This new Outlook on finance and investment presents unique data, analysis and instruments, looking at what might affect and change, both favourably and unfavourably, tomorrow's world of business, finance and investment.  Investment (including foreign direct investment), SME financing, pensions, insurance, corporate governance and competition are among the threads creating the narrative of today's environment and future expectations.

  • 22-June-2015

    English

    OECD Development Co-operation Peer Reviews: New Zealand 2015

    The OECD’s Development Assistance Committee (DAC) conducts periodic reviews of the individual development co-operation efforts of DAC members. The policies and programmes of each member are critically examined approximately once every five years. DAC peer reviews assess the performance of a given member, not just that of its development co-operation agency, and examine both policy and implementation. They take an integrated, system-wide perspective on the development co-operation and humanitarian assistance activities of the member under review.

  • 17-June-2015

    English

    Cardiovascular Disease and Diabetes: Policies for Better Health and Quality of Care

    This report examines how countries perform in their ability to prevent, manage and treat cardiovascular disease (CVD) and diabetes. The last 50 years have witnessed remarkable improvements in CVD outcomes. Since 1960, overall CVD mortality rates have fallen by over 60%, but these improvements are not evenly spread across OECD countries, and the rising prevalence of diabetes and obesity are threatening to offset gains.

    This report examines how OECD countries deliver the programmes and services related to CVD and diabetes. It considers how countries have used available health care resources to reduce the overall burden of CVD and diabetes, and it focuses on the variation in OECD health systems’ ability to convert health care inputs (such as expenditure) into health gains.

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