The report provides a comprehensive picture on the territorial differences in many well-being dimensions across the 31 Mexican states and the Federal District. It represents a sound base for state and local policy makers, political leaders and citizens to better understand people’s living conditions, gauge progress in various aspects of economy and society and use these indicators to improve the design and implementation of policies. It is a part of the “How’s Life in Your Region?” work produced by the OECD Public Governance and Territorial Development Directorate at the behest of the Regional Development Policy Committee.
In the field of long-term radioactive waste management, projects to construct repositories normally last from decades to centuries. Such projects will inevitably have an effect on the host community from the planning stage to the end of construction and beyond. The key to a long-lasting and positive relationship between a site and its host community is ensuring that solutions are reached together throughout the entire process. The sustainability of radioactive waste management solutions can potentially be achieved through design and implementation of a facility that provides added cultural and amenity value, as well as economic opportunities, to the local community.
This second edition of Fostering a Durable Relationship Between a Waste Management Facility and its Host Community: Adding Value Through Design and Process highlights new innovations in siting processes and in facility design – functional, cultural and physical – from different countries, which could be of added value to host communities and their sites in the short to long term. These new features are examined from the perspective of sustainability, with a focus on increasing the likelihood that people will both understand the facility and its functions, and remember what is located at the site.
This 2015 update by the NEA Forum on Stakeholder Confidence will be beneficial in designing paths forward for local or regional communities, as well as for national radioactive waste management programmes.
The Preservation of Records, Knowledge and Memory (RK&M) across Generations initiative was launched by the Nuclear Energy Agency in 2011 to foster international reflection and progress towards this goal and to meet increasing demands by waste management specialists and other interested parties for viable and shared strategies. The RK&M initiative is now in its second phase, which is to last until 2017. Phase I culminated on 15‑17 September 2014 with the organisation of an international conference and debate on "Constructing Memory" held in Verdun, France.
The conference was attended by approximately 200 participants from 17 countries and 3 international organisations. Participants included specialists from the radioactive waste management area and beyond, academics in the fields of archaeology, communications, cultural heritage, geography and history, as well as artists, archivists, representatives from local heritage societies and from communities that could host a radioactive waste repository.
Ce rapport formule des recommandations sous la forme de composantes permettant d’élaborer des règles efficaces applicables aux sociétés étrangères contrôlées (SEC). Ces recommandations visent à garantir que les pays qui choisissent de les mettre en œuvre sont dotés de règles qui empêchent les contribuables de transférer des revenus vers des filiales étrangères. Le rapport recense les six composantes suivantes pour la conception de règles efficaces sur les SEC : (1) définition d’une SEC, (2) exemptions aux règles sur les SEC et obligations de seuil, (3) définition du revenu, (4) calcul du revenu, (5) attribution du revenu, et (6) règles tendant à prévenir et supprimer la double imposition. Étant donné que chaque pays a des priorités différentes, les recommandations offrent une certaine souplesse pour appliquer les règles sur les SEC visant les pratiques de BEPS en conformité avec les objectifs stratégiques d’ensemble de son système fiscal et avec les obligations juridiques internationales qui lui incombent.
Ce rapport résume l’état des pêcheries et de l’aquaculture et note que dans de nombreuses régions du monde, ces secteurs sont menacés et n’atteignent pas pleinement leur potentiel. Une croissance soutenue pourrait néanmoins être atteinte si des réformes sont engagées dans la lignée de la Stratégie de croissance verte de l’OCDE. Le rapport souligne le besoin d’une gestion des stocks sérieuse et basée sur les connaissances scientifiques pour garantir la durabilité des ressources ainsi que d’un cycle de développement des politiques transparent et dynamique qui garantisse que les pêcheries génèrent le maximum de bénéfices possibles. Le rapport montre qu’une amélioration de la régulation en termes d’externalités environnementales et de compétition spatiale pour l’exploitation des ressources est un élément clé qui permettrait d’ouvrir des perspectives de croissance pour l’aquaculture.
Education is the key to economic, social and environmental progress, and governments around the world are looking to improve their education systems. The future of education in the 21st century is not simply about reaching more people, but about improving the quality and diversity of educational opportunities. How to best organise and support teaching and learning requires imagination, creativity and innovation.
Open educational resources (OER) are teaching, learning and research materials that make use of tools such as open licensing to permit their free reuse, continuous improvement and repurposing by others for educational purposes. The OER community has grown considerably over the past 10 years and the impact of OER on educational systems has become a pervasive element of educational policy
This report aims to highlight state of the art developments and practices in OER, but also to demonstrate how OER can be a tool for innovation in teaching and learning.
En puisant dans les compétences de spécialistes du droit international public et de la fiscalité, le rapport examine la faisabilité technique d’une approche multilatérale contraignante visant à élaborer un instrument multilatéral destiné à modifier les conventions fiscales en vue d’assurer une application efficace des mesures arrêtées pour déjouer les pratiques de BEPS en lien avec les conventions fiscales. Il conclut qu’un instrument multilatéral est souhaitable et possible, et que les négociations s’y rapportant devraient être rapidement engagées. Dans cette perspective, les pays ont défini le mandat d’un groupe de travail spécial, ouvert à la participation de tous les pays, et chargé d’élaborer cet instrument multilatéral et de le soumettre à la signature des États en 2016.
Conveniently located near the world’s fastest growing energy markets, the resource-rich and transit countries of Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia contribute significantly to world energy security. However, shared challenges across the region include aged infrastructure, high energy intensity, low energy efficiency, untapped alternative energy potential and poorly functioning regional energy markets.
This publication highlights the energy policies and sector developments of Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine and Uzbekistan during 2013-14 and provides a summary of key recommendations for policy makers in the region.
Energy policy analysis is conducted in line with the INOGATE Programme’s four main pillars of energy development: energy market convergence, energy security, sustainable development and investment attraction. Started in 1996, the INOGATE Programme is one of the longest running energy technical assistance programmes funded by the European Union and works within the policy frameworks of the Baku Initiative and the Eastern Partnership. The INOGATE Programme co-operates with 11 Partner Countries to support reduction in their dependency on fossil fuels and imports, to improve the security of their energy supply and to mitigate overall climate change. It also supports the Eastern Partnership, a joint initiative between the European Union, EU Member States, and the Eastern European and Caucasus countries. Launched in 2009, the Eastern Partnership aims at advancing political association and economic integration.
This publication has been produced with European Union financial assistance provided through the European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument.
This report provides a systematic review and empirical evidence related to the experiences of middle-income countries and economies participating in the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), 2000 to 2015. PISA is a triennial survey that aims to evaluate education systems worldwide by testing the skills and knowledge of 15-year-old students. To date, students representing more than 70 countries and economies have participated in the assessment, including 44 middle-income countries, many of which are developing countries receiving foreign aid. This report provides answers to six important questions about these middle-income countries and their experiences of participating in PISA: What is the extent of developing country participation in PISA and other international learning assessments? Why do these countries join PISA? What are the financial, technical, and cultural challenges for their participation in PISA? What impact has participation had on their national assessment capacity? How have PISA results influenced their national policy discussions? And what does PISA data tell us about education in these countries and the policies and practices that influence student performance?
The findings of this report are being used by the OECD to support its efforts to make PISA more relevant to a wider range of countries, and by the World Bank as part of its on-going dialogue with its client countries regarding participation in international large-scale assessments.