Publications


  • 28-May-2018

    English

    OECD Sovereign Borrowing Outlook 2018

    The 2018 edition of the OECD Sovereign Borrowing Outlook presents gross borrowing requirements, net borrowing requirements, central government marketable debt and funding strategies for the OECD area and country groupings. In addition, it examines: interactions between fiscal policy; public debt management and monetary policy; procedures and instruments; liquidity in secondary markets; and alternative approaches to sovereign borrowing such as green bonds and GDP-linked instruments in the context of global economic and financial developments.
  • 25-May-2018

    English

    OECD Reviews of Health Systems: Lithuania 2018

    The report analyses the performance of Lithuania’s health system which has been long characterised by its institutional stability and the steady pursuit of a policy agenda aimed at adapting it to the evolving burden of disease. Today, even if total spending on health is low and out-of-pocket payments represent nearly a third of it, the system ensures fairly equitable access to care. The main challenge to the system is that health outcomes still place Lithuania among the lowest ranked in the OECD. Efforts need to be geared more systematically towards strengthening public health and improving the quality of the services delivered at primary and hospital care levels.
  • 24-May-2018

    English

    Improving Markets for Recycled Plastics - Trends, Prospects and Policy Responses

    Plastics have become one of the most prolific materials on the planet: in 2015 we produced about 380 million tonnes of plastics globally, up from 2 million tonnes in the 1950s. Yet today only 15% of this plastic waste is collected and recycled into secondary plastics globally each year. This report looks at why this is the case and what we can do about it, as the pervasiveness of plastics is becoming an urgent public health and planetary problem. Not only is the diffusion of waste plastics into the wider environment creating hugely negative impacts, but plastics production emits approximately 400 million tonnes of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions annually as a result of the energy used in their production, transport, and final waste treatment. Improved plastics collection and recycling represents a promising solution to these concerns.
  • 23-May-2018

    English

    Country-by-Country Reporting – Compilation of Peer Review Reports (Phase 1) - Inclusive Framework on BEPS: Action 13

    Under the Action 13 Minimum Standard, jurisdictions have committed to foster tax transparency by requesting the largest multinational enterprise groups (MNE Groups) to provide the global allocation of their income, taxes and other indicators of the location of economic activity. This unprecedented information on MNE Groups’ operations across the world will boost tax authorities’ risk-assessment capabilities. The Action 13 Minimum Standard has been translated into specific terms of reference and a methodology for the peer review process. The peer review of the Action 13 Minimum Standard is proceeding in stages with three annual reviews in 2017, 2018 and 2019. The phased review process follows the phased implementation of Country-by-Country (CbC) Reporting. Each annual peer review process will therefore focus on different aspects of the three key areas under review: the domestic legal and administrative framework, the exchange of information framework, and the confidentiality and appropriate use of CbC reports. This first annual peer review report reflects the outcome of the first review which focused on the domestic legal and administrative framework. It contains the review of 95 jurisdictions which provided legislation or information pertaining to the implementation of CbC Reporting.
  • 21-May-2018

    English

    Digital Government Review of Colombia - Towards a Citizen-Driven Public Sector

    This review analyses the shift from e-government to digital government in Colombia. It looks at the governance framework for digital government, the use of digital platforms and open data to engage and collaborate with citizens, conditions for a data-driven public sector, and policy coherence in a context of significant regional disparities. It provides concrete policy recommendations on how digital technologies and data can be harnessed for citizen-driven policy making and public service delivery.
  • 19-May-2018

    English

    Divided Cities - Understanding Intra-urban Inequalities

    This report provides an assessment of spatial inequalities and segregation in cities and metropolitan areas from multiple perspectives. The chapters in the report focus on a subset of OECD countries and non-member economies, and provide new insights on cross-cutting issues for city neighbourhooods, such as the patterns of segregation across income groups, migrant concentration and diversity across cities of different sizes, the role of public transport accessibility in widening intra-city inequalities, and the expected path dependency on outcomes related to segregation. The report also discusses methodological alternatives for measuring different dimensions of inequality and segregation across cities, and highlights the role of public policies in bridging urban divides and the relevance of the scale of analysis in order to make sound international comparisons.
  • 14-May-2018

    English

    Is the Last Mile the Longest? Economic Gains from Gender Equality in Nordic Countries

    Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden, commonly known as the Nordic countries, have been leaders in the development of modern family and gender policy, and the explicit promotion of gender equality at home, at work, and in public life. Today, on many measures, they boast some of the most gender-equal labour markets in the OECD.
    This report shows that improvements in gender equality have contributed considerably to economic growth in the Nordic countries. Increases in female employment alone are estimated to account for anywhere between roughly 0.05 and 0.40 percentage points to average annual GDP per capita growth – equivalent to 3 to 20% of total GDP per capita growth over the past 50 years or so, depending on the country.
    The Nordic countries are closer than most to achieving gender equality in the labour market. But the last mile may well prove to be the longest one. To make further progress, a continued assessment of the effectiveness of existing public policies and workplace practices is needed. Only with resolve and a continued focus can Nordic countries ensure that men and women contribute to their economies and societies in gender equal measure.
     
  • 14-mai-2018

    Français

    Débattre des enjeux : le vieillissement

    Le vieillissement a de nombreuses répercussions sur les individus et la société dans son ensemble. Mais ses conséquences sur les soins de santé, la vie professionnelle et le bien-être en général ne sont pas toujours telles que nous l’imaginons. Le rapport de la série Les essentiels de l’OCDE : débattre des enjeux consacré au vieillissement examine les problèmes, les défis et les opportunités que représente le vieillissement pour les citoyens et les pouvoirs publics des pays développés et en développement. Des experts de l'OCDE ou d’ailleurs dans les domaines de la démographie, de la recherche médicale, des retraites, de l’emploi et autres, y présentent leurs analyses et points de vue sur l'une des tendances les plus déterminantes pour nos societés.
  • 14-mai-2018

    Français

    Examen multidimensionnel du Maroc (Volume 2) - Analyse approfondie et recommandations

    Le Maroc ambitionne de rejoindre le rang des pays émergents et de réussir un développement dynamique et équitable. Porté par cet objectif, le Maroc s’est engagé dans un programme de modernisation et de transformation profonde du pays depuis la fin des années 90. Pour permettre au Maroc de franchir une nouvelle étape dans son développement et d’enclencher une dynamique de croissance forte, pérenne et inclusive, l’OCDE a identifié trois axes de réformes essentielles. Le premier vise à renforcer la compétitivité des entreprises industrielles pour donner une nouvelle impulsion à la transformation structurelle. Le deuxième a pour objectif de relever le niveau de formation de la population et de le mettre en adéquation avec les besoins du marché du travail. Le troisième cherche à renforcer la cohérence des stratégies sectorielles pour accroître l’efficacité des politiques publiques et de l’action de l’État.Ce deuxième volume de l’Examen multidimensionnel du Maroc fournit des recommandations détaillées sur chacun de ces axes de réforme, et ce à partir d’une analyse approfondie et d’un processus participatif mené avec les parties prenantes marocaines. 
  • 11-May-2018

    English

    Getting it Right - Strategic Priorities for Mexico

    Mexico has been a reform champion, having launched ambitious reforms in a broad range of areas. While the reforms are showing first positive effects they are not delivering to the extent they could. On many dimensions of well-being, including education, health and security amongst others, Mexico still lags behind the OECD average and regional development remains very uneven. While Mexico has done a lot to build a competitive economy, progress has been too slow in two complementary areas, namely strengthening institutions and fostering inclusion. The capacity of the public sector is weak, corruption remains widespread and the rule of law is week, all hindering trust in government institutions and the effective implementation of policies. Similarly, persistent inequalities and widespread poverty do not only mean that higher growth does not translate into widespread gains in well-being; these inequalities are also holding back growth as Mexico is not using all available talent. Mexico has taken measures to tackle these issues, but important implementation gaps remain. It will be important for the next government to build on past reform efforts, ensuring the full and effective implementation of already legislated changes to allow for reform continuity and to launch additional reforms in several priority areas, including the rule of law, education and social protection. Only then will Mexico be able to deliver a higher quality of life for all its people.
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