• 4-February-2016


    Broadening the Ownership of State-Owned Enterprises - A Comparison of Governance Practices

    The State continues to remain an important shareholder in listed companies worldwide, especially among emerging economies, which rely increasingly on mixed-ownership models. With the benefit of hindsight and more recent examples, this book provides fresh perspectives on the motivation to list state-owned enterprises (SOEs) and the process it entails. Drawing from the experiences of five economies (People's Republic of China, India, New Zealand, Poland and Turkey), the book concludes that broadened ownership generally has a positive impact on the governance and performance of these companies. However, country practices show that the act of listing cannot guarantee that these companies are completely averse to State interests; and deviations from sound corporate governance practices, as enshrined in the OECD Guidelines on Corporate Governance of SOEs, can in some cases, raise concerns with regards to non-State shareholder rights, commercial orientation, board independence, conflicting State objectives, transparency, disclosure and more.

  • 2-February-2016


    Labor Migration in Asia - Building effective institutions

    This report analyses the institutions and structures that govern labor migration in Asia. It considers the important role of governments and other stakeholders in both labour-destination countries such as Japan, the Republic of Korea, and Singapore, and labour-sending countries such as India, the Philippines, and Sri Lanka. Key issues are the extent to which these structures provide an orderly process for the movement of people between countries and whether the rights and the welfare of workers are protected.


  • 1-February-2016


    OECD Territorial Reviews: The Metropolitan Region of Rotterdam-The Hague, Netherlands

    This report examines the Netherland’s new Metropolitan Region of Rotterdam-The Hague (MRDH), drawing on lessons from governance reforms in other OECD countries and identifying how the MRDH experience could benefit policy makers beyond Dutch borders. Long in search of ways to strengthen urban areas, the Dutch government has recently undertaken the development of a National Urban Agenda known as Agenda Stad, in parallel to a series of broad institutional reforms. This included abolishing the country’s traditional eight city-regions, which led Rotterdam, The Hague and 21 smaller neighbouring cities to form the Metropolitan Region of Rotterdam-The Hague (Metropoolregio Rotterdam Den Haag, or MRDH). This report analyses the emergence of the MRDH both as a geographical area that spans 23 municipalities in the southern Randstad region and as a new metropolitan authority with transport and economic development responsibilities. One of the challenges the MRDH faces is how to bring the economies of Rotterdam and The Hague closer together while generating growth and well-being. 

  • 31-January-2016


    Measuring and Assessing Well-being in Israel

    Measuring and Assessing Well-being in Israel provides a description of the level, distribution, and sustainability of well-being in Israel. Drawing on the methodology developed in the bi-annual report on well-being in OECD countries – How's Life? – this report extends the methodology to provide in an-depth examination of well-being in a single OECD country. The report examines well-being in Israel in the context of the Israeli government's recent initiative to develop indicators of well-being, resilience, and sustainability, and provides a complementary account of well-being in Israel with a stronger focus on international comparisons.

    Going beyond a simple statistical description of the level and distribution of well-being in Israel, the report also uses Israel as a case study of how well-being measures can be used to identify areas of high policy relevance. In particular, the report analyses the preferences of Israeli citizens across the different dimensions of the OECD well-being framework. Finally, the report reviews the Israeli statistical system from the perspective of measuring well-being, and notes the key areas where further statistical development is desirable.

    Measuring and Assessing Well-being in Israel is part of the OECD Better Life Initiative, which features a series of publications on measuring well-being, as well as the Better Life Index, an interactive website that aims to involve citizens in the debate about what a better life means to them.

  • 29-janvier-2016


    Examen multidimensionnel de la Côte d'Ivoire - Volume 1. Évaluation initiale

    Cette série aide les pays à identifier et surmonter les obstacles à de meilleurs niveaux de bien-être et à une croissance plus équitable et durable. Elle s’appuie sur des examens multidimensionnels par pays, qui tiennent compte des interactions entre les politiques et de l'environnement national dans lequel s’inscrivent ces dernières. Ces examens comportent trois phases. La première consiste en une évaluation initiale des obstacles au développement. La deuxième propose une analyse de fond des principaux problèmes et découle sur des recommandations détaillées. La troisième phase est conçue pour passer de la théorie à la pratique et soutenir les efforts du gouvernement dans l'élaboration de stratégies et la mise en œuvre des politiques recommandées.

  • 25-janvier-2016


    Guide opérationnel CITE 2011 - Directives pour la classification des programmes éducatifs nationaux et des certifications correspondantes

    La structure des systèmes éducatifs varie énormément d’un pays à l’autre. Afin de produire des statistiques et des indicateurs comparables à l’échelle internationale, il est nécessaire de disposer d’un cadre permettant de collecter et de soumettre des données sur des programmes éducatifs avec un contenu éducatif de niveau similaire. La Classification internationale type de l’Éducation (CITE) de l’UNESCO est la classification de référence permettant d’organiser les programmes éducatifs et les certifications correspondantes par niveau d’éducation et par domaines d’études. Les définitions et les concepts fondamentaux de la CITE ont été établis de manière à être internationalement valides et applicables à l’ensemble des systèmes éducatifs.

    La CITE 2011 est la deuxième révision importante de cette classification (élaborée initialement dans les années 70 et révisée pour la première fois en 1997). Elle a été adoptée par la Conférence générale de l’UNESCO en novembre 2011. Préparé conjointement par l’Institut de statistique de l’UNESCO (ISU), l’OCDE et Eurostat, ce guide opérationnel fournit des directives et notes explicatives pour l’interprétation de la classification révisée, par niveau éducatif. Il présente également des exemples nationaux de programmes et de certifications correspondantes classés dans la CITE 2011.

    Ce guide sera utile aux statisticiens nationaux qui collectent et soumettent des données d’éducation aux organisations internationales, ainsi qu’aux décideurs politiques et aux chercheurs intéressés par une meilleure compréhension de ces données.

  • 22-January-2016


    Improving ISSSTE's Public Procurement for Better Results

    OECD countries are increasingly attempting to achieve savings through their public procurement systems, in particular in healthcare. In 2012, the State’s Employees’ Social Security and Social Services Institute in Mexico (ISSSTE) asked the OECD to review the effectiveness and integrity of its procurement system and to address bid-rigging. Many of the OECD’s recommendations led to enduring reforms at ISSSTE. In 2015 the OECD conducted a new review focusing on planning and coordination of procurement activities, market research and improvement of medical services. This report presents the findings of the review and notes the ISSSTE’s recent achievements. It also makes recommendations to support the alignment of the ISSSTE’s procurement practices with the 2015 OECD Recommendation of the Council on Public Procurement and includes action plans for priority activities.

  • 20-January-2016


    OECD Reviews of Labour Market and Social Policies: Colombia 2016

    Colombia has made major economic and social advances in recent years. The combination of strong economic growth and policies targeted at the most vulnerable groups improved considerably the living standards of the Colombian population. Today, the country enjoys higher employment and labour force participation rates than the average of OECD countries and unemployment is steadily declining. Nevertheless, despite these positive trends, deep structural problems remain. Labour informality is widespread, the rate of self-employment is high and many employees have non-regular contracts. Income inequality is higher than in any OECD country and redistribution through taxes and benefits is almost negligible. In addition, half a century of internal conflict and violence has displaced a significant part of the population, and many of them are living in extreme poverty. Despite considerable progress, violence continues to be a challenge and also affects trade union members and leaders. The Colombian Government has undertaken important reforms in recent years to address these labour market and social challenges, and the efforts are gradually paying off. However, further progress is needed to enhance the quality of jobs and well-being for all. The main trust of this report is to support the Colombian Government in tackling labour market duality, generate trust between the social partners, develop inclusive and active social policies, and get the most out of international migration.

  • 20-janvier-2016


    États de fragilité 2015 - Réaliser les ambitions de l'après-2015

    Le rapport 2015 de l’OCDE sur la fragilité contribue au débat global que suscitent la définition et la mise en œuvre des Objectifs de développement durable (ODD) pour l’après-2015. Ce rapport montre à quel point il importe de prendre en compte la fragilité si l’on veut marquer des points dans la lutte contre la pauvreté. Il fait valoir des arguments en faveur de l’ODD 16 - Promouvoir l’avènement de sociétés pacifiques et ouvertes – qui vise à réduire toutes les formes de violence.
    Le rapport 2015 se démarque sensiblement des précédentes éditions en ce qu’il cherche à présenter une nouvelle façon d’appréhender la fragilité, au-delà des États fragiles. La fragilité est perçue comme une question à caractère universel qui peut concerner tous les pays, pas seulement ceux qui sont classiquement considérés comme « fragiles » ou touchés par un conflit. Le rapport s’appuie ainsi sur trois indicateurs liés aux cibles de l’ODD 16 et deux indicateurs qui relèvent du cadre plus général des ODD : la violence, l’accès à la justice, des institutions responsables et ouvertes, l’intégration économique et la stabilité, ainsi que la capacité de prévenir les chocs et catastrophes d’ordre économique, social ou environnemental et de s’y adapter. Il les applique à l’ensemble des pays du monde, et recense ceux qui se classent parmi les 50 pays les plus vulnérables dans les cinq dimensions considérées. Le groupe de pays les plus exposés sur les cinq fronts ne diffère guère de la liste traditionnelle des États et économies fragiles. Toutefois, il apparaît que dans plusieurs pays à revenu intermédiaire, les violences liées à la délinquance, les conflits infranationaux ou les difficultés d’accès à la justice atteignent des niveaux disproportionnés. Le rapport conclut que pour progresser au regard de telles cibles, il conviendra de déployer un nouvel ensemble d’outils et d’interventions, et de bien appréhender quel rôle la communauté internationale doit et peut jouer pour accompagner ce processus.


  • 20-January-2016


    Multi-dimensional Review of Kazakhstan - Volume 1. Initial Assessment

    Kazakhstan’s economy and society have undergone deep transformations since the country declared independence in 1991. Kazakhstan’s growth performance since 2000 has been impressive, averaging almost 8% per annum in real terms and leading to job creation and progress in the well-being of its citizens. Extractive industries play an important role in the dynamism of the economy, but sources of growth beyond natural resource sectors remain underexploited. In the social arena, dimensions of well-being beyond incomes and jobs have not kept pace with economic growth.
    Kazakhstan has set itself the goal of becoming one of the 30 most developed countries in the world by 2050. To sustain rapid, inclusive and sustainable growth and social progress, Kazakhstan will need to overcome a number of significant challenges. Natural-resource dependency, the concentration of economic clout and a fragile and underdeveloped financial sector limit diversification and economic dynamism. Widespread corruption still affects multiple state functions, undermines the business environment, meritocracy and entrepreneurial spirit. More generally, the state has limited capacity to fulfil some of its functions, which affects the delivery of public services like health and education, as well as the protection of the environment and the generation of skills.

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