Publications


  • 20-October-2017

    English

    Employment and Skills Strategies in Turkey

    This report on Turkey takes a case study approach, analysing the management and implementation of policies in the provinces of Kocaeli and Trabzon. It provides a comparative framework to understand the role of the local labour market policy in matching people to jobs, engaging employers in skills development activities, as well as fostering new growth and economic development opportunities. It includes practical policy examples of actions taken in Turkey to help workers find better quality jobs, while also stimulating productivity and inclusion.

  • 19-octobre-2017

    Français

    Examens de l'OCDE sur la coopération pour le développement : Luxembourg 2017

    Cet examen analyse la performance du Luxembourg, y compris en ce qui concerne ses efforts en matière de financement climatique, l'impact de sa concentration sur la qualité de son portefeuille et sa vision du partenariat.

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  • 18-October-2017

    English

    OECD Reviews of Labour Market and Social Policies: Costa Rica

    Costa Rica has recorded many social and economic achievements and currently enjoys one of the highest levels of well-being in the OECD. But progress has come to a standstill in most recent years and challenges have emerged along several social and labour market dimensions. Existing policies are outdated and no longer effective in today’s dynamic, export oriented economy which requires greater flexibility and more high skilled workers. How can Costa Rica better respond to the challenges of technological change and globalisation whilst minimising the transition costs it endures as it moves to a higher and a more sustainable path to inclusive growth? This report provides comprehensive analysis of Costa Rica’s policies and practices compared with best practice in the field of labour, social and migration from across the OECD and other countries in the Latin American region.  It contains several recommendations to tackle key challenges facing Costa Rica, including low labour utilisation, increasing inequality, high poverty and high-risk of economic exclusion especially of the low skilled and migrants.  This report will be of interest in Costa Rica as well as other countries looking to promote a more dynamic and an inclusive economy.

  • 17-October-2017

    English

    Groundwater Allocation - Managing Growing Pressures on Quantity and Quality

    Groundwater allocation determines who is able to use groundwater resources, how, when and where. It directly affects the value (economic, ecological, socio-cultural) that individuals and society obtain from groundwater, today and in the future. Building on the 2015 OECD publication Water Resources Allocation: Sharing Risks and Opportunities, this report focuses on groundwater and how its allocation can be improved in terms of economic efficiency, environmental effectiveness and social equity. Drawing on an analysis of groundwater’s distinctive features and nine case studies of groundwater allocation in a range of countries, the report provides practical policy guidance for groundwater allocation in the form of a "health check". This health check can be used to assess the performance of current arrangements and manage the transition towards improved allocation.

  • 17-October-2017

    English

    Evidence-based Policy Making for Youth Well-being - A Toolkit

    With 1.2 billion people, today’s youth population aged 15-24 represents the largest cohort ever to enter the transition to adulthood. Close to 90% of these young people live in developing countries, and the numbers will practically double in the least developed countries. These young people are the world’s next generation and a unique asset. If properly nurtured, they can act as engines for economic and social progress. Hence, the political will has grown among many national governments to develop comprehensive policy frameworks that better respond to young peoples’ needs and aspirations through national youth policies.
     
    This toolkit provides analytical tools and policy guidance, based on rigorous empirical evidence and international good practices, to countries that are developing, implementing or updating their youth policies. The toolkit includes step-by-step modules to carry out a youth well-being diagnosis and includes practical examples of common youth policies and programmes in the areas of employment, education and skills, health and civic participation.
     

  • 17-October-2017

    English

    Global Trade Without Corruption - Fighting the Hidden Tariff

    This report provides an analytical framework for studying integrity in trade, combining insights from OECD work on trade facilitation, responsible business conduct and integrity in customs. It provides data and evidence supporting the view that trade facilitation and integrity are mutually supportive objectives, and suggests measures to effectively tackle corrupt practices affecting global supply chains.

  • 16-October-2017

    English

    Education in Lithuania

    Lithuania has achieved steady expansion of participation in education, substantially widening access to early childhood education and care and tertiary education, coupling this with nearly universal participation in secondary education. However, if Lithuania’s education system is to help the nation respond effectively to economic opportunities and demographic challenges, improvements in the performance of its schools and its higher education institutions are needed. Improved performance requires that Lithuania clarify and raise expectations of performance, align resources in support of raised performance expectations, strengthen performance monitoring and the assurance of quality, and build institutional capacity to achieve high performance. This orientation to improvement should be carried across each sector of its education system.
     
    This report assesses Lithuania’s policies and practices against best practice in education from across the OECD and other countries in the region. It analyses its education system’s major strengths and the challenges it faces, from early childhood education and care to tertiary education. It offers recommendations on how Lithuania can improve quality and equity to support strong, sustainable and inclusive growth. This report will be of interest in Lithuania and other countries looking to raise the quality, equity and efficiency of their education systems.

  • 16-octobre-2017

    Français

    Pratiques fiscales dommageables - Rapport d'étape de 2017 sur les régimes préférentiels - Cadre inclusif sur le BEPS : Action 5

    Le Rapport sur l’Action 5 établit l’un des quatre standards minimums prévus par le projet BEPS que tous les membres du Cadre inclusif se sont engagés à mettre en œuvre. Un aspect du standard minimum défini par  l’Action 5 se rapporte au processus d’examen par les pairs des régimes fiscaux préférentiels afin d’identifier les caractéristiques de ces régimes qui peuvent faciliter l'érosion de la base et le transfert de bénéfices et peuvent donc avoir une incidence défavorable sur l'assiette fiscale d'autres juridictions.
    Ce rapport d'étape constitue une mise à jour du rapport de BEPS sur l’Action 5 de 2015 et contient les résultats de l'examen de tous les régimes fiscaux préférentiels des membres du cadre inclusif  de BEPS qui ont été identifiés. Les résultats présentés sont ceux en date du mois d'octobre 2017.
    Le rapport contient également des directives relatives aux régimes fiscaux préférentiels, y compris les délais pour les régimes en cours de modification, le mode de suivi de certaines caractéristiques des régimes préférentiels et des conseils pratiques sur l’exigence selon laquelle les juridictions offrant des régimes préférentiels sont tenues d’établir des critères d’activités substantielles dans les régimes préférentiels.

  • 13-October-2017

    English

    A Step Ahead: Competition Policy for Shared Prosperity and Inclusive Growth

    This publication puts forward a research agenda advocating the importance of market competition, effective market regulation and competition policies for achieving inclusive growth and shared prosperity in emerging and developing economies. It is the result of a global partnership and shared commitment between the World Bank Group and the OECD.

  • 13-October-2017

    English

    Sourcebook of International Activities Related to the Development of Safety Cases for Deep Geological Repositories

    Large quantities of materials arising from the decommissioning of nuclear facilities are non-radioactive per se. An additional significant share of materials is of very low-level or low-level radioactivity and can, after having undergone treatment and a clearance process, be recycled and reused in a restricted or unrestricted way. Recycle and reuse options today provide valuable solutions to minimise radioactive waste from decommissioning and at the same time maximise the recovery of valuable materials. The NEA Co-operative Programme on Decommissioning (CPD) prepared this overview on the various approaches being undertaken by international and national organisations for the management of slightly contaminated material resulting from activities in the nuclear sector. The report draws on CPD member organisations’ experiences and practices related to recycling and reuse, which were gathered through an international survey. It provides information on improvements and changes in technologies, methodologies and regulations since the 1996 report on this subject, with the conclusions and recommendations taking into account 20 years of additional experience that will be useful for current and future practitioners. Case studies are provided to illustrate significant points of interest, for example in relation to scrap metals, concrete and soil.

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