Publications


  • 22-February-2016

    English

    Teaching Excellence through Professional Learning and Policy Reform - Lessons from around the World

    If the quality of an education system can never exceed the quality of its teachers, then countries need to do all they can to build a high-quality teaching force. Teaching Excellence through Professional Learning and Policy Reform: Lessons from around the World, the background report to the sixth International Summit on the Teaching Profession, describes the knowledge, skills and character qualities common to the most effective teachers. It examines the education policies and practices that help teachers to acquire these tools, including through induction and mentoring programmes, ongoing professional development activities, student assessments, and collaboration with colleagues. The publication also discusses the importance of involving all stakeholders – especially teachers – in the process of education reform.

  • 22-February-2016

    English

    Nanomaterials in Waste Streams - Current Knowledge on Risks and Impacts

    Nanotechnology is an emerging and promising field for advanced applications in industrial, commercial and medical sectors, and nanomaterials can be found today in sunscreens, deodorants and textiles. Yet these nanomaterials, which are increasing in number, are entering waste streams as part of end-of-life products along with conventional waste, without any real understanding of their environmental impacts or health risks on human beings and living organisms.

    This report provides a literature review on four specific waste treatment processes (recycling, incineration, landfilling and wastewater treatment). While state-of-the-art waste treatment facilities may collect, divert or eliminate nanomaterials from these waste streams, the report concludes that knowledge gaps associated with their final disposal remain, underlining the need for further research in this area.

  • 19-February-2016

    English

    A Skills beyond School Review of the Slovak Republic

    Higher level vocational education and training (VET) programmes are facing rapid change and intensifying challenges. What type of training is needed to meet the needs of changing economies? How should the programmes be funded?  How should they be linked to academic and university programmes?  How can employers and unions be engaged? The country reports in this series look at these and other questions. They form part of Skills beyond School, the OECD policy review of postsecondary vocational education and training.

  • 19-February-2016

    English

    OECD Reviews of School Resources: Slovak Republic 2015

    The effective use of school resources is a policy priority across OECD countries. The OECD Reviews of School Resources explore how resources can be governed, distributed, utilised and managed to improve the quality, equity and efficiency of school education.
    The series considers four types of resources: financial resources, such as public funding of individual schools; human resources, such as teachers, school leaders and education administrators; physical resources, such as location, buildings and equipment; and other resources, such as learning time.
    This series offers timely policy advice to both governments and the education community. It includes both country reports and thematic studies.

  • 19-février-2016

    Français

    Le gouvernement ouvert en Tunisie

    La Revue du Gouvernement ouvert en Tunisie est la première de son genre à analyser les politiques et les pratiques de gouvernement ouvert ainsi que l’application de leur cadre institutionnel et juridique selon les instruments de l’OCDE. L’analyse se concentre sur la façon d’améliorer l'ouverture du secteur public, la transparence et la responsabilisation pour ainsi favoriser la confiance dans le gouvernement. Ainsi, l’analyse évalue la cohérence et la coordination des politiques de gouvernement ouvert, la participation des citoyens dans l’élaboration des politiques publiques, la gestion des finances publiques, les initiatives anti-corruption et d’intégrité, le rôle des technologies de l’information et de la communication et des médias sociaux. Elle inclut également des études de cas du gouvernement ouvert et du développement local. En rassemblant une multitude d’instruments de l’OCDE et d’expertises dans différents domaines de gouvernance publique, la revue fournit aux décideurs politiques tunisiens, aux fonctionnaires du secteur public et aux activistes de la société civile des indications pratiques concernant la façon d’améliorer et de mettre en œuvre avec succès leur programme national de gouvernement ouvert. De plus, la revue contient une liste de recommandations qui ont été incluses dans le premier Plan d'action de la Tunisie pour le Partenariat pour un gouvernement ouvert.

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  • 17-February-2016

    English

    Debate the Issues: Investment

    Why do financial markets see so little risk, while companies that invest in the real economy appear to be much more prudent? How will we fund future pensions when interest on the products that finance them are so low? Where will the trillions of dollars needed to improve and extend infrastructures come from? How should international capital flows be regulated? These and other challenges are discussed in this collection of expert opinions on the social, economic and policy perspectives facing international investors, governments, businesses, and citizens worldwide.

  • 15-February-2016

    English

    OECD Economic Surveys: Costa Rica 2016 - Economic Assessment

    This 2016 OECD Economic Survey of Costa Rica examines recent economic developments, policies and prospects. The special chapters cover: Inclusive growth and Productivity.

  • 12-February-2016

    English

    OECD Reviews of Health Care Quality: United Kingdom 2016 - Raising Standards

    Health systems in the United Kingdom have, for many years, made the quality of care a highly visible priority, internationally pioneering many tools and policies to assure and improve the quality of care. A key challenge, however, is to understand why, despite being a global leader in quality monitoring and improvement, the United Kingdom does not consistently demonstrate strong performance on international benchmarks of quality. This report reviews the quality of health care in the England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland, seeking to highlight best practices, and provides a series of targeted assessments and recommendations for further quality gains in health care. To secure continued quality gains, the four health systems will need to balance top-down approaches to quality management and bottom-up approaches to quality improvement; publish more quality and outcomes data disaggregated by country; and, establish a forum where the key officials and clinical leaders from the four health systems responsible for quality of care can meet on a regular basis to learn from each other’s innovations.

  • 12-February-2016

    English

    Supporting Teacher Professionalism - Insights from TALIS 2013

    This report examines the nature and extent of support for teacher professionalism using the Teaching and Learning International Survey (TALIS) 2013, a survey of teachers and principals in 34 countries and economies around the world. Teacher professionalism is defined as the knowledge, skills, and practices that teachers must have in order to be effective educators.

    The report focuses on lower secondary teachers (ISCED 2) in different education systems and looks at cross-cultural differences in teacher professionalism. It explores how teacher professionalism is linked to policy-relevant teacher outcomes such as perceived status, satisfaction with profession and school environment or perceived self-efficacy. The publication also tackles equity concerns in teacher professionalism: it examines professionalism support gaps, which are defined as differences in support for teacher professionalism in schools with high levels of disadvantage as compared to those with low-levels of disadvantage. Last but not least, the report presents a number of policy-relevant recommendations to enhance teacher professionalism and equity in access to high-quality teaching in OECD member countries.

  • 12-February-2016

    English

    OECD Reviews of Pension Systems: Mexico

    This review assesses the Mexican pension system according to the OECD best practices and guidelines, and draws on international experiences and examples to make recommendations on how to improve it. It provides an international perspective on Mexico’s retirement income provision and a short and focused review of the Mexican pension system. The review covers all components of the pension system: public and private pension provision for public and private-sector workers. It provides recommendations, using OECD’s best practices in pension design, on how to improve the Mexican pension system and thus ameliorate the retirement income that people may receive from the pension system.

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