Publications


  • 3-septembre-2015

    Français

    Promouvoir la croissance verte en agriculture - Rôle de la formation, du conseil et de la vulgarisation

    L’investissement dans les connaissances pour favoriser l'adoption de pratiques respectueuses de l'environnement est un facteur déterminant des processus d’innovation dans le secteur de l’agriculture mais l’impact et le coût des initiatives existantes ont été peu évalués malgré une modification radicale de l'orientation, de l’organisation et des modes d’intervention. Ce rapport étudie le rôle, les performances et l'impact des initiatives relatives aux services de conseil agricole, à la formation et à la vulgarisation prises dans les pays de l’OCDE pour favoriser la croissance verte dans l'agriculture. Le rapport s’appuie sur une série d’études de cas pour examiner de nombreuses questions de méthode et les avantages associés à différents types de prestataires, et il identifie les pratiques de gestion agricole durable les plus performantes.

  • 2-September-2015

    English

    Water Resources Governance in Brazil

    Water is abundant in Brazil, but unevenly distributed across regions and users. Remarkable progress to reform the sector has been achieved since the 1997 National Water Law, but economic, climate and urbanisation trends generate threats that may jeopardize national growth and development. The consequences are particularly acute in regions where tensions across water users already exist or are likely to grow. The report is the result of a policy dialogue with more than 100 stakeholders at different levels in Brazil. It assesses the performance of Brazil’s water governance and suggests policy recommendations for strengthening the co-ordination between federal and state water policies and for setting up more robust water allocation regimes that can better cope with future risks. The report concludes with an action plan, which suggests concrete milestones and champion institutions to implement those recommendations.

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  • 2-September-2015

    English

    Applying Modeling to Improve Health and Economic Policy Decisions in the Americas - The Case of Noncommunicable Diseases

    The book introduces several models for assessing health and economic policies in relation to NCDs; shows how the models can be used for different diseases or risk factors; and provides case studies of those models’ application in various countries in the Americas. The ultimate goal is to help policymakers find the best strategies for cost-effective and evidence-based NCD interventions.

  • 28-August-2015

    English

    Evaluating Quality Strategies in Asia-Pacific Countries - Survey Results

    The results of the survey provide a useful overview of quality strategies and policies, and show increasing commitment to quality of care in the Asia/Pacific region. The outcome of this study confirms the importance of the WHO-OECD expert network to facilitate communication/dissemination of evidence on quality improvement programmes and policies among countries.

  • 28-août-2015

    Français

    Le gouvernement ouvert au Maroc

    La Revue du Gouvernement Ouvert au Maroc est la première de son genre à analyser les politiques et les pratiques de gouvernement ouvert ainsi que l’application de leur cadre institutionnel et juridique selon les instruments de l’OCDE. En rassemblant une multitude d’instruments de l’OCDE et d’expertises dans différents domaines de gouvernance publique, la revue fournit aux décideurs politiques marocains, aux fonctionnaires du secteur public et aux activistes de la société civile des indications pratiques concernant la façon d’améliorer et de mettre en œuvre avec succès leur programme national de gouvernement ouvert. De plus, la revue contient une liste de recommandations sur laquelle il est possible de s'appuyer pour construire le Plan d'Action du Maroc pour le Partenariat pour un gouvernement ouvert.

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  • 27-August-2015

    English

    Investing in Youth: Latvia

    This report provides a detailed diagnosis of the youth labour market and education system in Latvia from an international comparative perspective, and offers tailored recommendations to help improve school-to-work transitions. It also provides an opportunity for other countries to learn from the innovative measures that Latvia has taken to strengthen the skills of youth and their employment outcomes, notably through the implementation of a Youth Guarantee.

     

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  • 26-August-2015

    English

    Public Goods and Externalities - Agri-environmental Policy Measures in Selected OECD Countries

    Agriculture is a provider of commodities such as food, feed, fibre and fuel, and it can bring both positive and negative impacts on the environment. Yet most policy measures target farm systems, inputs and practices and agricultural infrastructure (driving forces) rather than the provision of agri-environmental public goods (environmental outcomes).

    This report analyses how a handful of OECD countries (Australia, Canada, Japan, United Kingdom and the United States) defines agri-environmental public goods and sets agri-environmental targets and reference levels, and the policies they implement for targeting certain agri-environmental public goods.

  • 21-August-2015

    English

    OECD Reviews of Health Care Quality: Japan 2015 - Raising Standards

    This report reviews the quality of health care in Japan, and seeks to highlight best practices, and provides a series of targeted assessments and recommendations for further improvements to quality of care. One of Japan’s foremost policy challenges is to create an economically-active ageing society. Excellent health care will be central to achieving this. A striking feature of the Japanese health system is its openness and flexibility. In general, clinics and hospitals can provide whatever services they consider appropriate, clinicians can credential themselves in any speciality and patients can access any clinician without referral. These arrangements have the advantage of accessibility and responsiveness. Such light-touch governance and abundant flexibility, however, may not best meet the health care needs of a super-ageing society. Japan needs to shift to a more structured health system, separating out more clearly different health care functions (primary care, acute care and long-term care, for example) to ensure that peoples’ needs can be met by the most appropriate service, in a coordinated manner if needed. As this differentiation occurs, the infrastructure to monitor and improve the quality of care must simultaneously deepen and become embedded at every level of governance –institutionally, regionally and nationally.

  • 19-August-2015

    English

    Revenue Statistics in Asian Countries 2015 - Trends in Indonesia, Malaysia and the Philippines

    Revenue Statistics in Asian Countries is jointly undertaken by the OECD Centre for Tax Policy and Administration and the OECD Development Centre. It compiles comparable tax revenue statistics for Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Korea and Japan. The model is the OECD Revenue Statistics database which is a fundamental reference, backed by a well-established methodology, for OECD member countries. Extending the OECD methodology to Asian countries enables comparisons about tax levels and tax structures on a consistent basis, both among Asian economies and between OECD and Asian economies. A special feature in this edition provides country profiles on recent tax administration and related reforms in Indonesia, Malaysia and the Philippines.

  • 19-August-2015

    English

    The Innovation Imperative in the Public Sector - Setting an Agenda for Action

    The public sector has to become more innovative if it is to tackle today’s complex challenges and meet society’s changing expectations. But becoming truly innovative requires deep and broad changes to organisational culture and operations. Drawing on evidence emerging from the OECD Observatory of Public Sector Innovation’s collection of innovative practices from around the world, this report looks at how to create a government where innovation is encouraged and nurtured.

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