Publications


  • 14-March-2017

    English

    Energy Policies Beyond IEA Countries: Mexico 2017

    This first review of Mexico’s energy policies by the International Energy Agency comes at a momentous time for the country’s energy sector. The broad-based Energy Reform, beginning with the Constitutional changes of December 2013, has continued at a steady and impressive pace. Its reach and scope amounts to one of the most ambitious energy system transformations in decades. The IEA applauds the government of Mexico for the progress made to date.Starting from a largely closed and monopoly-driven energy market, the reform has taken concrete steps to harness market forces to attract investments and increase production while ensuring transparency and rule of law, improving energy security and strengthening the environmental sustainability of the energy sector.Some policy areas, such as promoting competition and redesigning emergency preparedness, will have to remain a priority. The transition to open energy markets should continue in a transparent manner, and with regulatory certainty. The new roles and responsibilities for the public and private entities, in particular for energy supply emergencies and energy data collection, should be defined well. It is also critical to ensure sufficient resources for the several new or strengthened regulatory authorities.For the long term, as Mexico’s population, cities and economy are projected to grow strongly, a cross-sectoral approach is required to limit the increase in energy demand and energy-related greenhouse gas emissions. This review analyses the energy policy challenges facing Mexico and provides recommendations for further policy improvements. It is intended to help guide the country towards a more secure, sustainable and affordable energy future.
  • 13-March-2017

    English

    OECD Territorial Reviews: Northern Sparsely Populated Areas

    The northern sparsely populated areas (NSPA) of Finland, Norway and Sweden are becoming increasingly important to the geopolitical and economic interests of these countries and the European Union. These regions have unique geographical characteristics - low population density and a harsh climate - and face specific challenges due to an ageing population, long distances from markets, and high-cost land transport. However, high productivity growth is possible in low-density regions. This report sets out policy recommendations at cross-border, national and regional scales to enhance prosperity and well-being across the NSPA. This includes closer co-operation with national governments to address shared challenges and opportunities such as improving east-west transport connections and reducing occupational and skills barriers to labour mobility, and addressing barriers to business growth such as access to finance.
  • 9-March-2017

    English

    Connecting People with Jobs: Key Issues for Raising Labour Market Participation in Australia

    Giving people better opportunities to participate actively in the labour market improves well-being. It also helps countries to cope with rapid population ageing by mobilising more fully each country’s potential labour resources. Weak labour market attachment of some groups in society reflects a range of barriers to working or moving up the jobs ladder. This report on Australia is the third country study published in a series of reports looking into strategies to encourage greater labour market participation of all groups in society with a special focus on the most disadvantaged. Labour market and activation policies are well developed in Australia. However, the gap in employment rates is still considerable for some groups of the population, including women with young children, disadvantaged youth, people with disability, people with mental health problems and the indigenous population. This report discusses the size of the gap and the - often multiple - barriers underlying low labour market participation of these groups, and it provides a non-exhaustive number of good practice policies and measures from other OECD countries which could guide Australia's policy development in the coming years.
  • 8-March-2017

    English

    OECD Territorial Reviews: Sweden 2017 - Monitoring Progress in Multi-level Governance and Rural Policy

    Sweden has long given priority to promoting both sustainable economic growth in its regions and equity among them. This report looks at the progress Sweden has made in its regional growth policy, multi-level governance system and rural policy. It also takes a more in-depth look at two topics of increasing importance: whether rural Sweden has been 'left behind', and issues of regional and municipal governance. The report suggests steps Sweden can take to address its regional and rural policy challenges. It also assesses to what degree Sweden has implemented the recommendations made in the 2010 OECD Territorial Review of Sweden. 
  • 8-mars-2017

    Français

    Adopter une approche territoriale dans les politiques de sécurité alimentaire et nutritionnelle

    La sécurité alimentaire et la nutrition sont des préoccupations majeures au niveau international, en particulier dans les zones rurales. Ces sujets ont attiré beaucoup d’attention ainsi que de nombreux investissements, toutefois, les résultats ont jusqu’à présent été mitigés. Dans certains pays les moyennes nationales ont progressé, mais pour autant, de nombreux citoyens souffrent toujours d’insécurité alimentaire, ces derniers sont souvent concentrés géographiquement. L’insécurité alimentaire et la pauvreté sont fortement liées et ont une forte dimension territoriale.  Afin de résoudre ces problèmes durablement, les réponses en termes de politiques publiques doivent être adaptées aux défis de chaque territoire en adaptant une approche multidimensionnelle qui prenne en compte la disponibilité d’aliments, leur accessibilité, leur utilisation et stabilité. Ce rapport, sur la base de cinq études de cas   ainsi que du Nouveau Paradigme Rural de l’OCDE, propose une démarche effective pour lutter contre l’insécurité alimentaire et la malnutrition.
  • 6-March-2017

    English

    Oil 2017

    This year marks a new period of oil market management by leading oil producers, who put together in late 2016 the most comprehensive agreement to limit oil output seen since 2009. The reason was to ensure that oil prices were stabilised to avoid economic dislocation in producing countries and to provide a platform for gradual growth. The agreement brought to an end a two-year free market window in which producers competed to secure outlets for their oil.

    This agreement provides the backdrop to the latest IEA five-year oil market forecast, which was renamed Market Report Series: Oil 2017 (formerly known as the Medium-Term Oil Market Report). While we cannot know how long the deal will last, it provides clear trends to guide our view of the next five years.

    • Oil demand is expected to grow strongly at least to 2022 with the main developing economies leading the way.
    • The need for more production capacity becomes apparent by the end of the decade, even if supply appears plentiful today.
    • It is not clear that upstream projects will be completed in time given the unprecedented two-year fall in investment in 2015 and 2016 although major reductions in costs will help.
    • There is a risk of prices rising more sharply by 2022 if the spare production cushion is eroded.

    The Oil 2017 report, which provides market analysis and forecasts to 2022, sets the scene for what promises to be a transformative period in the history of oil.

  • 3-March-2017

    English

    Primary Care in Denmark

    In many ways, primary care in Denmark performs well. Danish primary care is trusted and valued by patients, and is relatively inexpensive. But there are important areas where it needs to be strengthened. Most critically, Danish primary care is relatively opaque in terms of the performance data available at local level. Greater transparency is vital in the next phase of reform and sector strengthening. Robust information on quality and outcomes empowers patients and gives them choice. It can support GPs to benchmark themselves, and engage in continuous quality improvement. It also allows the authorities to better understand where they should direct additional resources. This report draws on evidence and best practice from across OECD health systems to support Denmark in: agreeing on the steps that will strengthen its primary care sector, delivering high-quality, patient-centred care, and establishing a sustainable footing as the foundation for a high-performing health system.
  • 3-mars-2017

    Français

    Orientations de l'OCDE sur les meilleures pratiques relatives au respect et au contrôle de l'application de la réglementation visant les pesticides

    Ce présent guide a pour objectif de formuler des orientations pour la promotion et le contrôle de la conformité, qui s’adressent notamment aux autorités chargées de la régelementation des pesticides, y compris à celles qui ne disposeraient pas de prescriptions, orientations, ou politiques propres dans ce domaineLa conformité est d’une grande importance pour la réduction des risques liés aux pesticides et pour le bon fonctionnement des systèmes de réglementation des pesticides qui pourraient être compromis en cas de non-conformité. Le présent document traite des aspects suivants du cycle de vie des pesticides: fabrication et intégrité du produit, distribution (transport et vente compris), utilisation du produit, stockage du produit et le recyclage et élimination des contenants.
  • 1-March-2017

    English

    Behavioural Insights and Public Policy - Lessons from Around the World

    'Behavioural insights', or insights derived from the behavioural and social sciences, including decision making, psychology, cognitive science, neuroscience, organisational and group behaviour, are being applied by governments with the aim of making public policies work better. As their use has become more widespread, however, questions are being raised about their effectiveness as well as their philosophical underpinnings. This report discusses the use and reach of behavioural insights, drawing on a comprehensive collection of over 100 applications across the world and policy sectors, including consumer protection, education, energy, environment, finance, health and safety, labour market policies, public service delivery, taxes and telecommunications. It suggests ways to ensure that this experimental approach can be successfully and sustainably used as a public policy tool.
  • 28-February-2017

    English

    OECD Integrity Review of Peru - Enhancing Public Sector Integrity for Inclusive Growth

    Public sector integrity is crucial for sustained socioeconomic development. This report assesses Peru's integrity system at both the central and subnational levels of government. It provides a set of recommendations to strengthen and consolidate this system, instil a culture of integrity, and ensure accountability through control and enforcement. Beyond reviewing the institutional arrangement of the system, the report analyses the policies and practices related to political finance, the promotion of public ethics and the management of conflict of interests, lobbying, whistleblower protection, internal control and risk management, as well as the disciplinary regime and the role of the criminal justice system in containing corruption.
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