Publications


  • 26-October-2017

    English

    OECD Budget Transparency Toolkit - Practical Steps for Supporting Openness, Integrity and Accountability in Public Financial Management

    The OECD Toolkit on Budget Transparency brings together standards and guidelines on budget transparency developed by a broad range of international bodies and networks. Chapter 1 introduces the various institutions, official instruments and guidance materials available, including standards issued by international organisations. Chapter 2 provides an alternative way of navigating these materials, based around five main institutional or sectoral areas. The Toolkit also provides guidance on how best to use this information to achieve more open, transparent, inclusive and accountable budget processes.

  • 25-October-2017

    English

    Towards an Open Government in Kazakhstan

    The government of Kazakhstan has shown a strong commitment to enhancing transparency, accountability and participation in the policy-making process, and has taken important steps towards implementing open government. However, further efforts are need to ensure the success and long-term sustainability of Kazakhstan’s open government reforms. This review provides an overview of the cultural, economic, historical and political context for open government reforms. It examines ongoing efforts, identifies the remaining challenges and assesses the measures put in place by Kazakhstan’s authorities to address them in order to translate the reforms into tangible results. Finally, the report looks at the environment for effective citizen engagement and its potential to improve service delivery and policy making. It provides recommendations for concrete actions Kazakhstan can take to fully implement open government reforms.

  • 24-octobre-2017

    Français

    Améliorer la sécurité des usagers des deux roues motorisés

    La flotte des deux roues motorisés (qui comprend les motocyclettes, les scooters et les cyclomoteurs) est en constante augmentation et, dans beaucoup de pays, joue un rôle déterminant dans la mobilité, en particulier dans de nombreuses grandes villes du monde. Les deux roues motorisés (2RM) sont par conséquent une composante importante du système de transport. Cependant, ils représentent un défi en termes de sécurité routière. Par kilomètre parcouru, les usagers des 2RM encourent un  risque bien plus élevé que les automobilistes d’accident mortel et de blessures graves entrainant un handicap à long terme. Par ailleurs, ils n’ont pas autant bénéficié que les automobilistes des importants progrès réalisés au cours des dernières décennies pour réduire le nombre de victimes.  Il est essentiel de traiter sérieusement la question de la sécurité des 2RM pour contribuer à la Décennie de l’Action pour la Sécurité Routière des Nations Unies, qui vise à diminuer de moitié d’ici 2020 le nombre prévu de tués sur les routes dans le monde.

     

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  • 24-octobre-2017

    Français

    Le financement de la démocratie - Financement des partis politiques et des campagnes électorales et risque de capture de l'action publique

    Le récent débat sur le rôle de l’argent en politique a mis en lumière les défis liés à la règlementation du financement politique. Quels sont les risques associés au financement des partis politiques et des campagnes électorales ? Pourquoi les modèles de réglementation actuels restent-ils insuffisants pour combattre ces risques ? Quels liens y a-t-il entre l’argent en politique et les cadres généraux d’intégrité dans le secteur public ? Ce rapport traite de ces trois questions et définit un Cadre de financement de la démocratie ayant pour objet de structurer le débat international, de proposer des solutions aux responsables publics et de dresser une cartographie des risques. Il contient également des études de cas consacrées au Canada, au Chili, à la Corée, à l’Estonie, à la France, au Mexique, au Royaume-Uni, ainsi qu’au Brésil et à l’Inde. Y sont analysés en détail les mécanismes de financement politique de ces pays et les défis qu'ils rencontrent dans différents cadres institutionnels.

  • 23-October-2017

    English

    Supporting Entrepreneurship and Innovation in Higher Education in Ireland

    This report presents evidence-based analysis on Ireland’s higher education transformation process towards an innovative, interconnected and multidisciplinary entrepreneurial system, designed to empower its students and staff to demonstrate enterprise, innovation and creativity in teaching, research and societal engagement. Using the OECD-European Commission HEInnovate guidance for the entrepreneurial and innovative higher education institution, the report assesses strategies and practices for entrepreneurship and innovation in Ireland’s higher education institutions and the systemic support provided by government.

    Higher education institutions play a critical role in Ireland’s economy and innovation system, which is based on a strong and growing engagement agenda with industry and local communities, the emergence of new learning environments and strong multidisciplinary research teams. This report offers practical recommendations on how Ireland can enhance and sustain the outcomes.

  • 23-October-2017

    English

    Decentralisation and Multi-level Governance in Kazakhstan

    This review examines the reforms undertaken by the government of Kazakhstan in the area of public governance and evaluates their impact on the powers and responsibilities of subnational levels of government. It places particular emphasis on finding the right allocation of roles and responsibilities among different levels of government, and on using decentralisation as a means to increase self-reliance, civic participation, accountability, and enhanced capacity at the local level. The report also offers a number of recommendations for further strengthening the role of local executive bodies and democratising some aspects of local government.

  • 23-October-2017

    English

    Improving Domestic Financial Support Mechanisms in Moldova's Water and Sanitation Sector

    The water supply and sanitation (WSS) sector in Moldova is not financially sustainable: tariffs do not typically cover operational costs and capital investments are heavily funded by external development partners. This report analyses several options for streamlining and strengthening domestic financial support mechanisms (DFSMs) in terms of both supply and demand, discusses different scenarios and recommends a number of actions to ensure effective DFSM implementation, notably: 1) sufficient investment for the implementation of targets and obligations set in the national strategies, the Association Agreement with the EU, as well as Moldova’s international commitments (water-related Sustainable Development Goals, and the “Water-to-all” commitment); 2) the financial sustainability of operators; and 3) the affordability of WSS services for end-users, especially low-income segments of the population.

  • 23-octobre-2017

    Français

    Gouvernement ouvert - Contexte mondial et perspectives

    Ce rapport propose une analyse approfondie et fondée sur des données probantes des initiatives menées en matière de gouvernement ouvert et des obstacles que les pays doivent surmonter pour mettre ces initiatives en œuvre et les coordonner. Il examine également les nouvelles tendances dans les pays membres de l’OCDE, ainsi que dans certains pays d’Amérique latine, de la région MENA et d’Asie du Sud-Est. À partir de l’Enquête 2015 de l’OCDE sur la coordination de l’ouverture de l’administration et l’association des citoyens au cycle de l’action publique, ce rapport met en évidence de futurs axes de travail, et notamment l’action à mener pour mobiliser et associer toutes les branches de l’administration et tous les niveaux d’administration, afin de passer d’un gouvernement ouvert à un État ouvert ; la contribution que les principes et les pratiques du gouvernement ouvert peuvent apporter aux Objectifs de développement durable des Nations Unies ; le rôle des médias dans la création d’un environnement favorable pour les initiatives liées au gouvernement ouvert ; et le rôle croissant des institutions infranationales dans la mise en œuvre de réformes couronnées de succès en matière de gouvernement ouvert.

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  • 23-October-2017

    English

    Towards a More Effective, Strategic and Accountable State in Kazakhstan

    This review examines the recent reforms undertaken by the government of Kazakhstan in the area of public governance and evaluates their impact on the effectiveness, strategic capacity and accountability of the state. The review places particular emphasis on strategic planning, policy and programme evaluation, risk management, devolution and functional reviews, privatisation and the oversight of state-owned enterprises – all areas in which the government has taken or considered significant initiatives. The report offers a number of recommendations for further progress toward an effective, strategic and accountable state.

  • 23-October-2017

    English

    Promoting Clean Urban Public Transportation and Green Investment in Kazakhstan

    This report discusses the main results of a study on how to reduce air pollution from urban public transport in Kazakhstan. More specifically, it presents the analysis of how to design a green public investment programme in this sector. This sector represents an opportunity for Kazakhstan to address key objectives in its environmental and climate-related policies as part of the country’s ambitions to transit to a green economic path of development. In addition to supporting environmental and climate-related objectives, the programme is designed to support the modernisation of the urban transport fleet in the country as well as stimulate the domestic market to shift to modern buses powered by clean fuels.

    The programme is designed to be implemented in two phases: Phase 1 which covers the cities of Kostanay and Shymkent; and Phase 2 which extends the coverage to all major urban centres in Kazakhstan. Two scenarios for the implementation of the second (extended) phase of the programme are developed. Their total cost is estimated to be up to EUR 300 mln. These investments are expected to result in significant air improvement with NOx emissions seeing the greatest decline of up to 2 mln kg/year, whereas CO2 emissions are estimated to decline in an ideal scenario by up to 70 thousand t/year.

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