Publications


  • 2-November-2017

    English

    Social Protection System Review of Cambodia

    In 2017, the Royal Government of Cambodia published a new Social Protection Policy Framework (SPPF), providing an ambitious vision for a social protection system in which a comprehensive set of policies and institutions operate in sync with each other to sustainably reduce poverty and vulnerability.The Social Protection System Review of Cambodia prompts and answers a series of questions that are crucial for the implementation ofthe framework : How will emerging trends affect the needs for social protection, now and into the future? To what extent are Cambodia’s social protection instruments able – or likely – to address current and future livelihood challenges? How does fiscal policy affect social protection objectives?
     
    This review provides a contribution to the ongoing policy dialogue on social protection, sustainable growth and poverty reduction. It includes four chapters. Chapter 1 is a forward-looking assessment of Cambodia’s social protection needs. Chapter 2 maps the social protection sector and examines its adequacy. An investigation of the distributive impact of social protection and tax policy is undertaken in Chapter 3. The last chapter concludes with recommendations for policy strategies that could support the establishment of an inclusive social protection system in Cambodia, as envisaged by the SPPF.

  • 31-octobre-2017

    Français

    Mesurer et suivre les données relatives au BEPS, Action 11 - Rapport final 2015

    Des centaines d’études factuelles, utilisant différentes sources de données et méthodes d’évaluation, ont établi l’existence de transferts de bénéfices répondant à des motivations fiscales. Si l’ampleur des pratiques de BEPS est difficile à estimer, compte tenu de la complexité de ces stratégies et des limitations affectant les données disponibles, plusieurs études récentes suggèrent un manque à gagner important en termes de recettes de l’impôt sur les bénéfices des sociétés en raison des pratiques de BEPS. Ce rapport évalue les données actuellement disponibles et conclut que d’importants obstacles empêchent une analyse économique de l’ampleur et des effets des pratiques de BEPS, soulignant le besoin d’améliorer ces données et méthodologies. Concernant les limitations propres aux données, un tableau de bord regroupant six indicateurs des pratiques de BEPS a été créé, afin d’analyser diverses stratégies de BEPS à partir de plusieurs sources de données. Selon ces indicateurs, la réalité des pratiques de BEPS ne fait guère de doute, et il semble même qu’elles aient pris de l’ampleur au fil des ans. De nouvelles études empiriques menées par l’OCDE permettent d’estimer que le manque à gagner subi par les États en recettes de l’impôt sur les bénéfices des sociétés serait compris entre 100 et 240 milliards USD chaque année aux niveaux de 2014. Le rapport présente également de nouveaux outils d’analyse pouvant aider les pays à mesurer l’efficacité des mesures prises au titre du projet BEPS. Ces recherches ont aussi souligné l’existence d’importantes distorsions, de nature non fiscale, générées par les pratiques de BEPS, et le rapport formule des recommandations pour utiliser au mieux les données disponibles et améliorer les analyses de suivi de ces pratiques à l’avenir.

    Also AvailableEgalement disponible(s)
  • 31-October-2017

    English

    Gaps and Governance Standards of Public Infrastructure in Chile - Infrastructure Governance Review

    Chile’s planning and governance framework has supported the roll-out of high quality and efficient infrastructure that has been a key enabler of the country’s rapid development over the past two decades. However, changing circumstances such as climate change, decentralisation and a greater focus on social and territorial equity now require a change in how infrastructure needs are identified and addressed. This review examines Chile’s infrastructure stock and governance standards in light of the country’s 2030 growth agenda and OECD benchmarks, and sets out how such change can be achieved, with a special focus on transport and water infrastructure.

  • 31-octobre-2017

    Français

    Coopération pour le développement 2017 - Données et développement

    L’édition 2017 du rapport Coopération pour le développement a pour thème « Données et développement ». Les « données massives » et l’« internet des objets » sont bien plus que de simples expressions à la mode : la révolution des données transforme le mode de fonctionnement des économies et des sociétés dans le monde entier. Les Objectifs de développement durable conjugués à la révolution des données offrent de nouvelles opportunités : des données plus nombreuses et de meilleure qualité peuvent contribuer à encourager une croissance inclusive, à combattre les inégalités et à lutter contre le changement climatique. Ces données sont également cruciales pour mesurer et suivre les progrès réalisés au regard des Objectifs de développement durable.

    Il est incontestable que ces données sont fondamentales pour faciliter le développement. Cependant, on continue d’observer des carences inquiétantes au niveau des données de base concernant la population et l'environnement, ainsi qu’une faible capacité des pays en développement à produire les données dont les responsables de l’action gouvernementale ont besoin pour produire des résultats concrets, visibles et durables dans le domaine du développement. Parallèlement, l'investissement dans le renforcement des capacités statistiques – qui représentait environ 0.30 % de l’APD en 2015 – ne constitue pas une priorité pour la plupart des fournisseurs d’aide au développement.

    Un leadership politique fort, davantage d’investissements et une action plus collective sont nécessaires si l’on veut remédier à la "fracture des données" qui fait obstacle au développement. Avec l’avènement de la révolution technologique, les pays en développement et les donneurs ont une chance unique d’agir pour stimuler la production de données et leur utilisation au profit des citoyens. Ce rapport propose des actions prioritaires et recense les bonnes pratiques qui aideront les responsables de l’action publique et les fournisseurs d’aide au développement à combler la fracture mondiale des données, en particulier par le renforcement des systèmes statistiques dans les pays en développement. En un mot : de meilleures données pour des meilleures politiques, et une vie meilleure.

    Also AvailableEgalement disponible(s)
  • 30-October-2017

    English

    OECD Reviews of Health Systems: Peru 2017

    This is the OECD’s first Health System Review of Peru. It seeks to support Peru’s policy goal to attain universal health coverage by 2021, and build a high-performing health system with continuously improving accessibility, quality, efficiency and sustainability. Peru’s health care system is confronting a complex set of challenges. The population faces persistent rates of infectious diseases, alongside an increasingly heavy burden of non-communicable disease. Governance must simultaneously grapple with how to assure basic access – universal health coverage has still not been achieved, for instance – while prioritising efficiency and value for money, and improving care quality. This Health System Review of Peru makes a number of recommendations to strengthen performance of the health system, with a particular focus on the government-subidised health system – the Sistema Integral de Salud. Using examples of best practice drawn from OECD and Latin American health systems, the Review addresses how Peru can promote access to high quality care and achieve universal health coverage; take a more strategic approach to funding, budgeting, and purchasing; and become a data-driven health system that puts people at the centre.

  • 30-October-2017

    English

    Monitoring Health System Performance in Peru - Data and Statistics

    Peru has seen great progress towards the goal of providing universal health coverage to its population but still faces structural barriers to provide accessible and quality care . At the same time, Peru is going through a demographic and epidemiological transition, with an increasing disease burden from non-communicable diseases, with significant increases in cancer, CVD and diabetes, especially in urban areas. Measuring how the Peruvian health system is responding to these challenges requires a solid set of health sector statistics and indicators, underpinned by a robust health information system. The breadth and depth of data must be relevant and applicable to decision making at all levels of the health system, both to respond to national policy needs as well as comparing Peru in a regional and global context. This report assesses the status and availability of Peru’s routinely reported health sector data and statistics as well as the underlying data infrastructure. The report provides a set of recommendations to improve the health information system and to strengthen data coverage and comparability as Peru’s health care system develops.

  • 27-October-2017

    English

    Assessing the Impact of Digital Government in Colombia - Towards a new methodology

    This review analyses the monitoring and evaluation system of Colombia's Online Government Strategy and provides recommendations for developing an impact assessment methodology for digital government. It looks at the background, evolution and current status of the Strategy, and draws insights from the first implementation of a transitional methodology. The findings will help Colombia build the tools and capacities needed to effectively and sustainably implement its digital government strategy.

  • 27-October-2017

    English

    OECD Integrity Review of Colombia - Investing in Integrity for Peace and Prosperity

    Integrity is crucial in order to ensure sustainable peace in Colombia. This report provides a focused analysis of Colombia’s integrity system, addressing existing gaps and elaborating policy recommendations on how to build a coherent public integrity system. The review pays special attention to improving co-ordination at the national level and with the regions, cultivating a culture of integrity in the public administration, and enabling effective accountability through internal control and risk management. It emphasises the priority of mainstreaming integrity policies in the processes and sectors related to the implementation of the Peace Agreement to prevent corruption and to contribute to the inclusive and sustainable development of the country.

  • 27-October-2017

    English

    Computers and the Future of Skill Demand

    Computer scientists are working on reproducing all human skills using artificial intelligence, machine learning and robotics. Unsurprisingly then, many people worry that these advances will dramatically change work skills in the years ahead and perhaps leave many workers unemployable.

    This report develops a new approach to understanding these computer capabilities by using a test based on the OECD’s Survey of Adult Skills (PIAAC) to compare computers with human workers. The test assesses three skills that are widely used at work and are an important focus of education: literacy, numeracy and problem solving with computers.

    Most workers in OECD countries use the three skills every day. However, computers are close to reproducing these skills at the proficiency level of most adults in the workforce. Only 13% of workers now use these skills on a daily basis with a proficiency that is clearly higher than computers.

    The findings raise troubling questions about whether most workers will be able to acquire the skills they need as these new computer capabilities are increasingly used over the next few decades. To answer those questions, the report’s approach could be extended across the full range of work skills. We need to know how computers and people compare across all skills to develop successful policies for work and education for the future.

  • 26-October-2017

    English

    Supporting Entrepreneurship and Innovation in Higher Education in Poland

    This report presents evidence-based analysis on Poland’s higher education transformation process towards an innovative, interconnected and multidisciplinary entrepreneurial system, designed to empower its students and staff to demonstrate enterprise, innovation and creativity in teaching, research and societal engagement. Using the OECD-European Commission HEInnovate guidance for the entrepreneurial and innovative higher education institution, the report assesses strategies and practices for entrepreneurship and innovation in Poland’s higher education institutions and the systemic support provided by government.

    Higher education institutions play a critical role in Poland’s economy and innovation system, which is based on a strong and growing engagement agenda with industry and local communities, the emergence of new learning environments and strong multidisciplinary research teams. This report offers practical recommendations on how Poland can enhance and sustain the outcomes.

  • << < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 | 41 | 42 | 43 | 44 | 45 | 46 | 47 | 48 | 49 | 50 | 51 | 52 | 53 | 54 | 55 | 56 | 57 | 58 | 59 | 60 | 61 | 62 | 63 | 64 | 65 | 66 | 67 | 68 | 69 | 70 | 71 | 72 | 73 | 74 | 75 | 76 | 77 | 78 | 79 | 80 | 81 | 82 | 83 | 84 | 85 | 86 | 87 | 88 | 89 | 90 | 91 | 92 | 93 | 94 | 95 | 96 | 97 | 98 | 99 | 100 | 101 | 102 | 103 | 104 | 105 | 106 | 107 | 108 | 109 | 110 | 111 | 112 | 113 | 114 | 115 | 116 | 117 | 118 | 119 | 120 | 121 | 122 | 123 | 124 | 125 | 126 | 127 | 128 | 129 | 130 | 131 | 132 | 133 | 134 | 135 | 136 | 137 | 138 | 139 | 140 | 141 | 142 | 143 | 144 | 145 | 146 | 147 | 148 | 149 | 150 | 151 | 152 | 153 | 154 | 155 | 156 | 157 | 158 | 159 | 160 | 161 | 162 | 163 | 164 | 165 | 166 | 167 | 168 | 169 | 170 | 171 | 172 | 173 | 174 | 175 | 176 | 177 > >>