Publications


  • 12-October-2017

    English

    Driving Performance at Mexico's Agency for Safety, Energy and Environment

    This report applies the PAFER to Mexico’s Agency for Safety, Energy and Environment and assesses its functions, practices and behaviour. It focuses on internal governance, including structures and processes for decision making, managing financial resources, attracting and retaining talent, managing data and assessing performance. The review identifies a number of challenges and opportunities for improvement, and is a companion to reviews of the internal governance of two other Mexican energy regulators, the National Hydrocarbons Commission and the Energy Regulatory Commission, and the review of the external governance of the country’s energy sector, Driving Performance of Mexico’s Energy Regulators.

    www.oecd.org/gov/regulatory-policy/ner.htm

  • 12-October-2017

    English

    Driving Performance at Mexico's National Hydrocarbons Commission

    This report applies the PAFER to Mexico’s National Hydrocarbons Commission and assesses its functions, practices and behaviour. It focuses on internal governance, including structures and processes for decision making, managing financial resources, attracting and retaining talent, managing data and assessing performance. The review identifies a number of challenges and opportunities for improvement, and is a companion to reviews of the internal governance of two other Mexican energy regulators, the Agency for Safety, Energy and Environment and the Energy Regulatory Commission, and the review of the external governance of the country’s energy sector, Driving Peformance of Mexico’s Energy Regulators.

    www.oecd.org/gov/regulatory-policy/ner.htm
     

  • 12-October-2017

    English

    Driving Performance at Mexico's Energy Regulatory Commission

    This report applies the PAFER to Mexico’s Energy Regulatory Commission and assesses its functions, practices and behaviour. It focuses on internal governance, including structures and processes for decision making, managing financial resources, attracting and retaining talent, managing data and assessing performance. The review identifies a number of challenges and opportunities for improvement, and is a companion to reviews of the internal governance of two other Mexican energy regulators, the Agency for Safety, Energy and Environment and the National Hydrocarbons Commission, and the review of the external governance of the country’s energy sector, Driving Peformance of Mexico’s Energy Regulators.
    www.oecd.org/gov/regulatory-policy/ner.htm

  • 11-October-2017

    English

    Multi-Dimensional Review of Panama - Volume 1: Initial Assessment

    Since the beginning of the 21st century, Panama has exhibited remarkable economic growth and has reduced the gap in terms of income per capita with high-income countries. Social progress has also been achieved, mainly through the reduction of poverty and advances in some well-being dimensions. However, challenges remain with regard to overcoming the so-called middle-income trap and consolidating the middle-class. This first volume of the Multi-dimensional Country Review of Panama identifies the main barriers to further inclusive development. It highlights that promoting equitable, inclusive and sustainable economic growth and improving the well-being of all citizens should be at the core of Panama’s development strategies.

  • 11-October-2017

    English

    Energy Prices and Taxes - Volume 2017 Issue 3

    Energy Prices and Taxes contains a major international compilation of energy prices of OECD countries: including crude oil and oil product spot prices, import costs by crude stream, industry prices and consumer prices.
    The end-user prices cover the main petroleum products, gas, coal and electricity.
    Every issue includes full notes on sources and methods and a description of price mechanisms in each country. Time series availability varies with each data series.

  • 11-October-2017

    English

    Addressing Uncertainties in Cost Estimates for Decommissioning Nuclear Facilities

    The cost estimation process of decommissioning nuclear facilities has continued to evolve in recent years, with a general trend towards demonstrating greater levels of detail in the estimate and more explicit consideration of uncertainties, the latter of which may have an impact on decommissioning project costs. The 2012 report on the International Structure for Decommissioning Costing (ISDC) of Nuclear Installations, a joint recommendation by the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA), the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and the European Commission, proposes a standardised structure of cost items for decommissioning projects that can be used either directly for the production of cost estimates or for mapping of cost items for benchmarking purposes. The ISDC, however, provides only limited guidance on the treatment of uncertainty when preparing cost estimates. Addressing Uncertainties in Cost Estimates for Decommissioning Nuclear Facilities, prepared jointly by the NEA and IAEA, is intended to complement the ISDC, assisting cost estimators and reviewers in systematically addressing uncertainties in decommissioning cost estimates. Based on experiences gained in participating countries and projects, the report describes how uncertainty and risks can be analysed and incorporated in decommissioning cost estimates, while presenting the outcomes in a transparent manner.

  • 11-October-2017

    English

    Energy Efficiency 2017

    Energy efficiency is central to all global energy transitions. It is the world’s most available, secure and affordable energy resource and every government around the world has the power to further exploit efficiency for widespread benefit.

    Energy Efficiency 2017 is the global tracker examining the trends, indicators, impacts and drivers of energy efficiency progress. The questions addressed in this year’s report include:

    • How quickly is the world becoming more energy efficient? Which countries are making most progress?
    • What are the impacts of energy efficiency on the global economy and energy system?
    • How does energy efficiency affect global, regional and national energy security? How has policy, a key driver of energy efficiency, progressed globally?
    • How does policy vary between countries, economic sectors and end-use appliances?
    • How has energy efficiency affected household energy expenditure? What technology changes might unlock future savings?
    • How is efficiency evolving in the major end-use sectors of industry, buildings and transport?
    • What happened to energy efficiency investment in 2016? What business models and sources of finance are driving greater investment?
    • How has the market for energy services changed? In which markets is energy efficiency being commoditised?

    This year’s report also includes a special country focus on Indonesia, the largest energy consumer in Southeast Asia.

    The IEA is working to improve understanding of the status, drivers and benefits of energy efficiency. Energy Efficiency 2017 is the key global tracker of energy efficiency progress and a vital information resource for policy makers and companies seeking to reap the multiple benefits of energy efficiency.

  • 9-octobre-2017

    Français

    Essai no. 318 : Stabilité de dispersion des nanomatériaux en milieu environnemental simulé

    La présente ligne directrice pour les essais de produits chimiques décrit une méthode d’essai permettant d’obtenir des données sur la stabilité de dispersion des nanomatériaux manufacturés en milieu environnemental simulé. Cette ligne directrice a principalement pour objet l’évaluation de la capacité d’un nanomatériau à former une dispersion colloïdale et à conserver cet état de dispersion dans des conditions similaires à celles de l’environnement. La méthode d’essai comporte la dispersion du nanomatériau par une procédure de sonication calibrée, et la détermination de la concentration massique du nanomatériau dans une série de récipients d’essai au cours du processus d’homoagglomération et de sédimentation des particules dans des environnements présentant différentes caractéristiques hydrochimiques.

  • 9-octobre-2017

    Français

    Essai n° 413 : Toxicité subchronique par inhalation : 90 jours

    Cette Ligne directrice révisée a été conçue afin de caractériser pleinement la toxicité par inhalation du produit chimique testé suite à une exposition subchronique (90 jours), et de fournir des données fiables pour l’évaluation quantitative des risques liés à l’inhalation. Elle a été mise à jour en 2017 afin de permettre de tester et caractériser les effets des nanomatériaux.

    Des groupes de rongeurs (10 mâles et 10 femelles) sont exposés 6 heures par jour pendant une période de 90 jours a) à la substance d’essai à trois niveaux de concentration ou plus, b) à de l’air filtré (témoin négatif), et/ou c) au véhicule (groupe témoin du véhicule). Les animaux sont exposés en général 5 jours par semaine, mais il est aussi permis de les exposer 7 jours par semaine. Des mâles et des femelles sont toujours utilisés, mais peuvent être exposés à des niveaux de concentration différents si l’un des sexes est connu pour être plus sensible à une substance d’essai donnée. Les résultats de l’étude incluent des mesures et des observations quotidiennes détaillées (hématologie et chimie clinique) ainsi qu’une autopsie générale, de l’ophtalmologie, le poids des organes et de l’histopathologie. Afin de mieux caractériser la toxicité de la substance d’essai, la Ligne directrice laisse la possibilité d’inclure des groupes satellites (étude de réversibilité), des sacrifices en cours d’essai, des lavages broncho-alvéolaires, la mesure de la charge pulmonaire pour les particules, des tests neurologiques et des évaluations histopathologiques ou de pathologie clinique supplémentaires.

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  • 9-octobre-2017

    Français

    Essai no. 245 : Abeille domestique (Apis Mellifera L.), essai de toxicité chronique par voie orale (10 jours)

    La présente Ligne directrice est une méthode d’essai en laboratoire destinée à évaluer la toxicité chronique par contact pendant une période d’exposition de 10 jours pour des ouvrières adultes. De jeunes abeilles (âgées de deux jours au maximum) sont nourries en continu et ad libitum avec une solution aqueuse de saccharose contenant le produit chimique d’essai pendant 10 jours. La mortalité et les comportements anormaux sont observés et notés quotidiennement. Les effets chroniques du produit chimique testé sont évalués en comparant les résultats du groupe traité à ceux du groupe témoin. Les effets suivants sont déterminés : la CL50 (concentration létale médiane) et de la LDD50 (dose alimentaire létale médiane) après 10 jours d’exposition ; la CSEO (concentration sans effet observé) et DASEO (dose alimentaire sans effet observé). 

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